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Arthur Temple, Jr
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Birth: Apr. 8, 1920
Miller County
Arkansas, USA
Death: Apr. 12, 2006
Angelina County
Texas, USA

April 14, 2006|Associated Press
Caption: Arthur Temple; Modernized Texas Timber Firm; at 86

DIBOLL, Texas -- Arthur Temple Jr., who built his grandfather's sawmill business into the Temple-Inland Inc. wood products company and instituted reforms that modernized the East Texas timber industry, died Wednesday. He was 86.

Mr. Temple served as president of Temple Industries during its most formative years in the 1950s and '60s. After it merged with Time Inc., he rose to vice chairman of the media conglomerate until it spun off the wood products companies as Temple-Inland in 1983. He served as board chairman of Temple-Inland until 1991 and as chairman emeritus until his retirement in 1994.

His grandfather, T.L.L. Mr. Temple, founded the Southern Pine Lumber Co. in 1894 and Diboll as a company town to house and feed his workers.

Upon leaving the University of Texas in 1938, Arthur Temple took a job as bookkeeper and assistant manager of Temple Lumber Co., the family lumber yard.

He became executive vice president and general manager of Southern Pine in 1948 and quickly began to modernize the company. Despite some internal opposition for what seemed to be costly, radical measures, he directed higher wages for his workers, as well as better company-owned housing, utilities and streets in Diboll. Southern Pine also bought up thousands of acres of forestland and automated operations.

Mr. Temple ''was one of the leading pioneers and founders of the timber industry in East Texas," Bill Rose, chief regional forester in charge of East Texas for the Texas Forest Service, told the Associated Press.

''His company was a very progressive company," Rose said. ''Their mills were always cutting-edge."


Arthur Temple Jr., businessman and philanthropist, was born in Texarkana, Arkansas, on April 8, 1920, the son of Arthur Temple Sr. and Katherine Robson (Sage) Temple. His grandfather, T. L. L. Temple, founded the Southern Pine Lumber Company, and Arthur Jr. grew up in the lumber business. After leaving the University of Texas in 1938 he worked as a bookkeeper at a company lumber yard at Paris and in 1941 became manager of another company lumber yard at Lufkin, making it one of the company's most profitable. Following brief service in the U.S. Navy during World War II, he became executive vice president and general manager of Southern Pine Lumber Company in 1948, and in 1951, following the death of his father, president. Temple undertook to modernize the company, which in 1963 became Temple Industries. Most notably, he advocated hiring college-trained foresters, led efforts in pioneering wood fiber and engineered wood technologies, and engaged in mortgage financing and banking. Following Time Inc.'s 1973 acquisition of Temple Industries, Temple became vice chairman of the media conglomerate, and after Time Inc. spun off Temple-Inland in 1984 Temple served as board chairman of that company until 1991 and emeritus board chairman until his retirement in 1994.

As the head of a Fortune 500 company, Temple was a pioneer of environmental responsibility. He advocated the preservation of wildlife habitat at a time when the East Texas forest industry placed little value on such efforts, and Temple Industries became an industry leader in conservation and stewardship. Temple himself was the first major industry leader to support creation of the Big Thicket National Preserve. He also provided leadership to the boards of many regional and national industrial associations and received several conservation awards. The forestry school at Stephen F. Austin State University is named in his honor. Socially, Temple was an early advocate for integration, fostering an atmosphere in Diboll that led to uneventful integration of all public facilities. Under his moral leadership, the Diboll school system integrated smoothly between 1965 and 1968, earlier than other area schools.

Temple's philanthropic efforts, through the T. L. L. Temple Foundation, created by his aunt, Georgie Temple Munz, helped build libraries and schools in East Texas. He also served on the boards of Lufkin's Salvation Army and Hospice in the Pines, the Humane Society of Angelina County, Lamar University, and Duke University. He received honorary doctorate degrees from Pepperdine University in 1982 and Stephen F. Austin State University in 2000 and was named to the Texas Business Hall of Fame in 1983. Temple and his first wife, the former Mary MacQuiston, married in 1939. They had a son and a daughter before divorcing in 1963. He married Charlotte Dean later that year and they remained married until her death in 2002. Temple married Ann Mayo Shands in November 2005. Temple died of a heart attack on April 12, 2006, in Lufkin. See also LUMBER INDUSTRY.

Austin American-Statesman, April 13, 2006.
Lufkin Daily News, April 12 and 13, 2006.
The Pine Bough, December 2006, pp. 1018.
Vertical Files, The History Center, Diboll.
Who's Who in America, 198889.

Handbook of Texas Online, accessed July 13, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.


Diboll Free Press:

A Thanksgiving Service to celebrate the life of Arthur Temple, Jr., 86, is scheduled for 2 p.m. Saturday, April 15, 2006 in the First United Methodist Church in Lufkin with the Reverend Douglas J. Tucker of St. Cyprian's Episcopal Church and the Reverend Carol Turner, senior pastor of First United Methodist Church officiating. Private interment will follow in the Temple Family Cemetery in Diboll.

Mr. Temple died Wednesday, April 12, 2006 in a local hospital. He was born April 8, 1920 in Texarkana, Arkansas, to Katherine (Sage) and Arthur Temple. He was the grandson of T.L.L. Temple, founder of Southern Pine Lumber Company.

Mr. Temple graduated from high school in Texarkana and attended the University of Texas in Austin.In 1939 he married Mary MacQuistion of Texarkana and had two children, Charlotte Anne Temple and Arthur "Buddy" Temple, III.

He served with the U.S. Navy during World War II.Mr. Temple's legendary business career began with the Southern Pine Lumber Company as a bookkeeper, and in 1948 he became manager of the Diboll operations. Subsequently, he became chief executive officer of the company, then known as Temple Industries, which became a public company listed on the New York Stock Exchange in 1969.In 1973 the company merged with Time, Inc. and Mr. Temple was named a group vice president and a member of the board. He served as vice chairman from 1973 to 1978. He was instrumental in a major restructuring at Time, resulting in the forest products, paper, packaging and financial services operations being consolidated into a new public company, Temple-Inland. The new company had its national headquarters in Diboll. Mr. Temple served as chairman of Temple-Inland from 1984 to 1991 and as chairman emeritus from 1991 to 1994.Mr. Temple served the forest industry in numerous capacities including chairing the National Forest Products Association and many other industry organizations.He also was prominent in the banking industry, having ventured with H. J. Shands, Sr. to form Diboll State Bank and Pineland State Bank, now a part of First Bank and Trust East Texas.His keen interest in education resulted in serving as a member of the Texas State Board of Education, a regent at Lamar University, and as trustee for Duke University. He was conferred honorary doctorates from Pepperdine University in Malibu, California and Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches and the College of Forestry at Stephen F. Austin bears his name.Mr. Temple served on many community service boards including Hospice in the Pines, which he was instrumental in founding, the Salvation Army, and the Humane Society. Moreover, he was a dedicated conservationalist and was recognized for his endeavors. At Temple-Inland he set high standards for the perpetuation of the forests.As chairman of the board of the T.L.L. Temple Foundation from 1962 to 2000, Mr. Temple was able to do what he loved best, serve and support the people of East Texas.

He was preceded in death by his second wife of 38 years, Lottie Dean Temple, and an infant great-granddaughter, April Sage Grace.

Survivors include his wife, Ann Shands Temple; son and daughter-in-law Arthur "Buddy" Temple, III and Ellen Temple of Lufkin; daughter, Charlotte Temple of St. Helena, California; sister, Ann Allen of Austin,stepson, David Wimp of Eugene, Oregon; stepson and daughter-in-law, Jay and Susie Shands of Lufkin; stepdaughter and son-in-law, Becky and Kerry Getter of Bastrop; grandchildren, William "Spence" Spencer of Washington, D.C., Christopher Spencer, Arthur Spencer and Katherine Zelanzny, all of St. Helena, California, Whitney Temple Grace, John C. Hurst, Jr. and Hannah Temple of Austin, and Susie Temple Duquette of Jackson Hole, Wyoming; step-grandchildren, Rob Shands, Annie Brown and Richie Getter of Austin, Hill Shands and Matt Shands, both of Lufkin; great grandchildren, Lilly and Walter Duquette, Maggie Grace, Mary Ellen Sanders, Sam and Sarah Spencer, Charlotte and Anna Spencer, Tyler and Thomas Spencer; and brother-in-law, Bill Mayo of Dallas.

Pallbearers will be John Booker, Ward Burke, Vernon Burkhalter, Joe Denman, Murphy George, Henry Goodrich, Kenny Jastrow, Phillip Leach, Wayne McDonald, Walter Stern and Charlie Wilson.

Memorial contributions may be made to The History Center, 102 N. Temple Dr., Diboll, Texas 75941, Hospice in the Pines, 116 S. Raguet St, Lufkin, Texas 75904, or the Salvation Army Adult Day Care Center, 305 Shands Dr., Lufkin, Texas 75904,The family will receive friends from 4:30 to 6 p.m. Friday evening at the Lottie rand Arthur Temple Civic Center, 60.1 Dennis, Diboll Texas 75941

Carroway-Claybar Funeral Home, Lufkin, directors. 
Family links: 
  Arthur Temple (1894 - 1951)
  Katherine Robson Sage Temple (1895 - 1984)
  Lottie Charlotte Dean Temple (1927 - 2002)*
  Arthur Temple (1942 - 2015)*
  Ann Whitney Temple Allen (1917 - 2007)*
  Arthur Temple (1920 - 2006)
*Calculated relationship
Temple Family Cemetery
Angelina County
Texas, USA
Created by: Deb
Record added: Jul 13, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 73263861
Arthur Temple, Jr
Added by: Deb
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- Deb
 Added: Nov. 3, 2013

- Bettie♥
 Added: Nov. 3, 2013

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