|Birth: ||Nov. 9, 1791|
|Death: ||Dec. 2, 1843|
Came to Tennessee when young. Though wealthy, Jones believed in teaching his children to work, and his son, William Varney Andrews was sent to the fields with the servants and earned his living by the sweat of his brow. Jones' widow and children lived on the old homestead until 1861, when his wife's death occurred.
Sara Josephine Andrews: "My grandfather (Nicholas) said the Andrews family in Middle Tennessee came from Virginia. Three brothers came from Virginia. One settled in Williamson County (our line - Jones Andrews), one in Davidson County, and one in Alabama (Roy Andrews line)."
War of 1812 Service Records
Name: Jones Andrews
Company: DYER'S REG'T, CAVALRY AND MTD. GUNMEN, TENNESSEE VOLUNTEERS.
Rank - Induction: PRIVATE
Rank - Discharge: PRIVATE
Roll Box: 5
Roll Exct: 602
Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002
Name: Jones Andrews
Spouse: Lucy Laneer
Marriage Date: 26 Sep 1816
Edwin Jones Andrews, the son of Jones' brother Varney M. Andrews, Jr., served throughout the civil war under the over—all command of General Samuel Bell Maxey, whose father, General Rice Maxey, was the brother of Edwin Jones Andrews' maternal grandfather, William Maxey).
DEATH NOTICES FROM THE WESTERN WEEKLY REVIEW FRANKLIN TENNESSEE
1841-1851 Abstracted by Jonathan Kennon Thompson Smith Copyright, Jonathan K. T. Smith, 2004 December 22, 1843
JONES ANDREWS died Williamson Co., Tenn, Dec. 2, 1843 in 52nd year of his age.
JONES ANDREWS Deceased will January Term 1844
In the name of God amen, I Jones Andrews of the County of Williamson and State of Tennessee being in my right mind and wishing to make a disposition of my temporal concerns do make and publish this my last will & testament in the manner & form as follows (org)
1st. It is my will that after all my just debts are paid that my land Negros stock of every description household and kitchen furniture in a word everything that is called mine is to remain as they now are for the use & benefit of my wife & family during my wife’s natural life or widowhood.
2nd. It is my will that my wife shall give a negro or any other property that she can spare to each of the children when they leave her & are capable of managing for themselves the property being valued where received so that at my wife’s death all of my children shall shear equal in my property.
3rd. It is my will that my wife and executor hereafter appointed shall have the liberty of disposing of negros stock or any other property that they think necessary to dispose of; they shall also have the liberty to buy sell or in trading they do not need in the estate.
4th I do hereby appoint my wife Lucy Andrews and Adam White my Executor to this my last will and testament. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this
13 day of September 1843. Jones Andrews [seal]
Ulysses A. Bull
PROBATE OF JONES ANDREWS ESTATE – 403 ACRES OF LAND
State of Tennessee
I hereby certify that I have by the request of Wm Cummins Clk. Surveyed a tract of land belonging to the heirs of Jones Andrews decd., of which the above is a correct plat. Said tract was divided into five lots. Lot No. 1. Bounded as follows. Beginning on a stone Burneo Silo running North 88 ½ͦ West 141 poles to a pile of rocks. Thence North 26 poles to a stone under the fence. Thence North 88 ½ West 20 ½ poles to a pile of Rocks. Thence South 2 ½ ͦ West 121 ½ poles to a stake on Wilson line 2 sugar tree pointers. Thence South 98 ½ ͦ East 40 4/5 poles to a stump on top of the ridge General corner. Thence North 1 ½ ͦ East 1 ¾ poles to a stone. Thence North 84 ½ ͦ East 120 poles to a stone. Thence North 2 ½ ͦ East 87 ¾ poles to the beginning and contains by survey – one hundred and three acres and fifty eight poles. (The family home is on Lot No. 1 and son William V. Bought this later at the estate auction.)
Lot No. 2. Beginning on a Hickory and Lyme on top of the Ridge running thence North 88 ½ ͦ West 17 1/5 poles to a stake 2 Pawfaut pointers, thence South 71 ͦ East 39 poles to a sugar tree. Thence North 73 ͦ West 23 ½ poles to a Hickory. Thence North 30 ½ West 46 poles to a stake paupaw pointers. Thence South 89 ½ West 43 poles to a stake two sugar tree pointers. Thence South 57 ͦ West 30 poles to a Buckeye on the west boundary of the whole survey. Thence North 1 ½ ͦ East 36 poles to a sugar tree. Thence South 88 ½ East 170 poles to a stake Wm Barnes S.E. L. Thence North 1 ½ ͦ East 91 3/5 poles to an Ash. Thence South 2 ͦ West 85 poles to a pile of rocks and stake. Thence South 89 ͦ West 113 2/3 poles to a stake. Thence North 69 ͦ West 52 ½ poles to a stane Bush Pointer. Thence South 1 ½ ͦ West 22 poles to the beginning and contains by survey one hundred and thirty acres and ten poles.
Lot No. 3. Beginning at a Hickory and Lynn, running thence South 88 ½ ͦ East 8 2/5 poles to three paufans. Thence South 87 ͦ East 42 poles to a cluster of paufans, thence South 59 ½ ͦ 33 poles to a stake bush and sugar trees pointer, thence North 79 ͦ East 45 poles to a stake and bush pointer. Thence South 83 1.2 ͦ East 18 1/3 poles to 2 sugar trees. Thence South 65 ½ East 43 poles to a stake on the south side of a large log on the west boundary of Lot. No. 1. Thence North 2 ½ East 110 ¾ poles to a pile of rocks. Thence North 98 ½ ͦ East 2 poles to a pile of rocks. Thence North 2 East 10 ¾ poles to a stake S.E.B. of Lot No. 2. Thence South 89 ͦ West 113 2/3 poles to a stake. Thence North 69 ͦ West 65 ½ poles to a stone and bush pointer. Thence South ½ West ___ poles to the beginning and containing by survey ninety eight acres and one hundred thirty one poles.
Lot NO. 4. Beginning a Hickory and Lymes, the beginning of Lot 3. Running thence South 88 ½ ͦ East 10 ¾ poles to 3 trees – hawd, thence South 2 ͦ East 41 poles to a stake, thence South 1 ½ ͦ West 12 poles to a Hackbery. Thence south 88 ½ ͦ West 45 poles to a stake. Thence North 1 ½ ͦ East 7 ½ poles to an Elm and bush. Thence North 88 ½ ͦ West 67 poles to a stone. Thence North 1 ½ ͦ East 14 poles to a bead Elose. Thence North 88 ½ ͦ West 87 2/3 poles to a stake avert of a Beach. Thence North 1 ½ ͦ East 38 poles to a Buckeye, the S.W. C. of Lot No. 2. Thence North 57 ͦ East 30 poles to a stake 2 augavtruse pointers. Thence North 89 ½ ͦ East 43 poles to a stake pawpaw pointer, thence South 30 ½ ͦ East 46 poles to a Hickory, thence South 73 ͦ E 25 ½ poles to a sugar tree; thence North 71 ͦ East 39 poles to a stake 2 Jeaupews pointers; Thence South 88 ½ ͦ East 17 ½ poles to the beginning and containing by survey fifty two acres and 48 poles.
Lot No. 5. Beginning at a Hackberry running thence South 1 ½ ͦ West 24 poles to a stake and 2 sugar trees pointers, the S.W.C. of Lot No. 1. Thence North 2 ½ ͦ East 10 4/5 poles to a stake the S.E.C. of Lot No. 3. Thence North 63 ½ ͦ West 43 poles to two sugar trees. Thence North 83 ½ ͦ West 18 1/3 poles to a stake and bush pointer. Thence South 79 ͦ West 45 poles to a stake Bush and Sugar Trees pointers. Thence North 59 ½ ͦ West 34 poles to a stake west of a cluster of paupaws. Thence 12 poles to the beginning and containing by survey nineteen acres and thirty five poles.
Surveyed and calculated October 23rd 24th and 27th 1866
W. G. Funz S.W.6
J. E. Allen
The Heirs of Jones Andrews Decd
403 A. 121 P.
W. Gduce & Fee $2,000
J. C. Allen fee 400
William Lawsace fee 400
JONES ANDREWS - PROBATE COURT ACTION AFTER WIFE'S DEATH:
Page 26 Williamson County, Tennessee Records
The Bill of Complaint of Adam White and Mary Ann, his wife, William V. Andrews, Drury A. Floyd, and Lucy B., his wife, and Robert D. Andrews, all citizens of Williamson County in the State of Tennessee, bring this Bill of Complaint against
America M Andrews [wife of Newton Lucus Andrews], Margaret E. Andrews, and Lucy Andrews, Bettie Andrews, Mary Andrews, Sallie Andrews, Samuel J. Andrews and Horace Andrews, Sr., the last six being _______ under the age of 21 years and who are without any general Guardians.
To the honorable Robert S. Ballou Judge dwelling the County Court for the County of Williamson
Newuity complaining herewith unto your Honor for Orators and Oratrixis above named that on the _____ day of _____, 1844, Jones Andrews, being a resident of said county, departed this life, having first made and published his last will and testament which after his death was duly presented and recorded in and upon this county a copy of said will marked Exhibit (A) and is herewith filed and made a part of this bill. By reference to said will, it will be seen chut said lecah dinetic that after the payment of his just debts, oc that the whole of his property real and personal was bequeathed to his wife for life with power in her from time to time to make advancements to his children, not excluding a child's interest in his estate and at her death, the whole of said property, real and personal then remaining on hand will be equally divided between his children, share and share alike. That on the __ day of __, 1860 the widow of said testator departed this life and proceedings were instituted in this honorable Court and all the personal estate of said testator left on hand was sold and the proceeds thereby divided among those entitled thereto by law and all advancements made to each child accounted for and left only the real estate of said testator to be equally divided between his children and their issue. The widow of said testator left surviving him at her death and children of testator Mary Ann White wife of Adam White formerly Mary Ann Andrews, William V Andrews, Lucy B Floyd, wife of Drury Floyd, Robert D. Andrews, Newton L. Andrews, and Horace G. Andrews, Sen. Since the death of said widow of testator and after the distribution of the personal estate and the settlement of the advancements oc On the ____ day of _________ 18__, Newton L. Andrews departed this life intestate leaving surviving him his widow the defendant America M Andrews and his children and heirs at law and next of kin the minor dependents Lucy Andrews, Bettie Andrews, Mary Andrews, Sallie Andrews, and Samuel J Andrews who have no general custodian. And on the ___ day of ____ 18___, and _______________ afte the death of said widow, and after said distributions, Horace G Andrews departed this life intestate, leaving surviving him his widow and dependent Margaret E. Andrews and his only son and heir the minor dependent Horace G. Andrews Jr, who is also without any general custodian. All questions of advancements under said will of any use made by said widow of ________ in his lifetime were settled and adjudicated in full when the personal estate was divided among different owners things and said real estate of which said testator ________ __________ and possessed is now the only property ________________ in and by said will and in all the property now left of said testator to be partitioned among his heirs at law and next of kin under said will. The testator died testate and posessed of a certain tract or parcel of land situated being and lying in the County of Williamson, in the State of Tennessee containing four hundred acres more or less and in the 2nd Civil District of said county, bounded on the north by the lands of William Burris; On the west by the lands of William Rucker; On the South by the lands of Adam White; South and East by the lands of Meathias Wilson; and East by the lands of William Lanier and William dlemise__. The Complaintants and Defendants except the defendents America M Andrews and Margaret E Andrews as tenants in common of said tract of land that is to say your Oratrix Mary Ann White is entitled to the one sixth in value ________ and your Orators and Oratrixis William V. Andrews, Lucy B. Floyd, and Robert D. Andrews, each to a one sixth part in value therein and the minor dependents named in said bill to the remaining two. Six ___ therein as the representatives of their deceased parents respectively, your Orators and Oratrixis say that they are entitled to and are deserving of having their shares in said land allotted and set apart to them in severalty. This say however that the same is so situated that partition thereof cannot be made among the owners thereof in the manner now pointed out by law without a sale and that it is manifestly for the interest of all such owners and more particularly of said minor dependents that said lands to sued for partition. They say that said lands have to be cut up into six different tracts of land if the same were partitioned only among the children of said testator but were the same divided among the grandchildren the minor dependents to cut that would greatly damage the interest of all concerned. They are of the opinion that no more than three separate tracts can be culled out of the said tract of land advantageously bring to the partition and distribution of the cuod. And oatio cherion and the location and qualities of the asaile land. They are of the opinion that in the event of a sale it would be to the interest of all concerned to divide said land into three parcels before selling the same and make three separate tracts therein. The premises considered Orators and Oratrixes pray your Honor that the persons named as such in the caption of the bill be made defendants thereto and be compelled to answer the same according to the practice of this court. That upon the hearing of the cause, your Honor shall decree a sale of said land for the purpose of partition to the end that your Orators may hold their shares therein in severalty and not as tenants in common. May it please your Honor to grant all necessary process to the end thus and for all such further and different relief as the premises as they are entitled to and as in duty bound they will Exes pray.
Ewing, Keocise, and Teisley
We acknowledge ourselves security for the cost of this cause. August 23, 1866
Ewing, Houce Teisley
Jones Andrews Probate - SALE OF FARM IN TRACTS Nov. 30th 1866 (Page 61 Williamson County, TN Court Records)
To the honorable Robert S. Ballow, judge of the County Court of Williamson County.
In pursuance to an interlocutory decree of the Williamson County Court made at its November term 1866 in the Case of Adam White and wife and others 25 America M. Andrews et al said on the Friday the 30th day of November 1866 expose to public sale on the premisis after having accounts-sea the same according to law the several tracts of land named in the proceeding and more particularly described and set forth by the plat of the same which plat is filed with the papers in this cause. Lot no. 1 containing one hundred and three acres area fifty-eight poles was struck off to William V. Andrews at and for the price of fourteen dollars per acre he being the highest and best bidder at that price amounting to $1,449.97 who paid ________ fifty Eight 37/100 dollars in cash and executed to me his two notes each for six hundred and ninty three and 35/100 dollars one payable in tweleve months from date and the other payable in twenty four months from date and both dated November 30th 1866 with John R. Bigger and Robert D. Andrews Surities. Lot no. 2 containing one hundred and thirty acres and ten poles was struck off to Thomas J. Clark at an a for the price of ninteen dollars and seventy five cents per acre amounting to a $2,568.73/100 who paid same in cash one hundred and two 25/100 and executed his two notes each for twelve hundred and thirty-two 99/100 dollars one payable in twelve months from date and the other payable twenty-four months from date and both dated November 30th 1866 with David Pinkston and Henry Letaske as his surities. Lots no. 3 & 4 was struck off to Sam White, lot no. 3 containing 98 acres & 181 poles at and for fifteen dollars per acre amouting to $1,482.28 and, Lot No. 4 containing 52 acres and 48 poles at a $10.95 per acre amounting to $562.17 both parts amounting to $2,044.45 being the highest and best bidder at that price who paid me in cash $82.00 and executed his two notes each for $981.22/100, one due twelve months from date and dated 30th November 1866 and the other one due twenty four months from date and dated November 30th 1866 with John R. Viggers and Willam V. Andrews his sureities. Lot No. 5 containing nineteen acres and thirty five poles was struck off to Matthew Wilson at and for the sum of ten dollars per acre amounting to $192.18, he being the highest and best bidder at that price who paid me $7.50 in cash and executed his two notes each for $92.34 and payable twelve months from date and the other twenty four months from date and both dated November 30th 1866, the five tracts, amounting in all to $6,252.43/100
All of which is most respectfully subitted
Wm Commins Lech
Tennessee Divorce and Other Records 1800 - 1965
Wife: Lucy Andrews
Lucy B. Floyd (Mrs. Drury A.); William V. Andrews; R.O. Andrews; Mary Ann White (Mrs. Drury); Robert D. Andrews; Newton L. Andrews, (Dec'd); Horace G. Andrews, Sr. (Dec'd)
Daughter-in-law: America M. Andrews; Margaret E. Andrews
Grandchildren: Lucy Andrews; Bettie Andrews; Mary Andrews; Sallie Andrews; Samuel J. Andrews; Horace Andrews, Jr.
Will - 1843 Copy of Will - 1843
Plat - 1866 Account of Sale - 1865
Account - 1856 List of Names - n.d.
COUNTY COURT: Adam White & Wife et al
America M. Andrews
Bill for Petition of Land - 1866
Bill for Division of Slaves - 1860
Answer - 1861 Answer of Minors - 1866
Summons - 1860-1866 Deposition - n.d.
Int. Order - 1861 Order - 1866
Report of Commissioners - 1861 -n.d.
Clerk's Report - 1866 Int. Decree - 1866-1867
Decree - 1861 (3) -1866 (2) Receipt- 1869 (2) - 1870 (3) - 1871
DEED BOOK A, PAGE 65
Registration of Grants, Deeds, Jones Andrews 36 Acres of Land, overalls Creek Conveyed by Drury Floyd registered 4rh Sept. 1821.
This Indenture made this second day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty one, between Drury Floyd of the one part, and Jones Andrews of the other part, both of Williamson County, State of Tennessee, Witnesseth: that the said Drury Floyd for and in consideration of the sum of three hundred and fify dollars to him in had paid by the said Jones Andrews the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, both bargained and sold, and by these presents do the bargain, sell, convey and confirm to the said Jones Andrews, his heirs and assigns, a certain tract or parcel of land, lying and being in the County of Williamson and state of Tennessee on the head water of Overalls Creek water of Big Harpeth, adjoining Ephraim Andrews Sr. being on the South, Beginning at a Sugar Tree South west some of said tract and running thru South fifty three and a half poles to an Elm, thence East one hundred and two poles to an Elm, thence North forty seven and one half to a stake, thence West ninety poles to an Ironwood, thence North four poles to a Hickory, thence West twenty poles to the beginning. Containing by estimation thirty acres, be the same man or life. To have and to hold clear of all incumbrance. And the said Drury Floyd doth moreover bind himself, his heirs, Executors and administrators, that he will well and truly warrant and forever defend the above described precouisig with all and singular the rights, profits, and priviledges thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining unto the said Jones Andrews his heirs and assigns forever from the lawful claim of all persons whatsoever.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my Seal, this day and date above written.
Drury Floyd (seal)
Signed, Sealed delivered in the prescence of mg.
Benjamin B. Lanier, Thomas Bigger
On which deed was written, The State of Tennessee Williamson County Court July term 1821.
The within deed of conveyance was produced in open Court at this term and the execution thereof duly proven by the Oaths of Benjamin B. Lanier and Thomas Bigger subscribing witnessing thereto and the same was proved to be registered
Attest. Tho. Hardeman Clk
Of said Court
[Overalls Creek apparently begins in Rutherford County (on the head waters of Overalls Creek a branch of Stones river). A famous civil war battle was fought at Overalls Creek.]
Jones Andrews' brother John, according to family tradition, died as the result of an accident caused by his careless use of a sharp knife in his shoemaking shop. No will was recorded for him but he left a sizeable estate which was liquidated and the ensuing 1, 258.98 was divided among his brothers and sisters.
Bequest to Jones from his father:
Item. I charge my son Jones Andrews for what I have let him have to stand as a part of his legacy in the division of my estate after my death (that is)
One negro boy named Nelson worth three hundred dollars 300.00
Cash one hundred five dollars 105.00
Other property to the amount of eighty dollars 80.00
Two negro children worth one hundred and fifty dollars 150.00
Received from my son John's estate 135.33
Benjamin Andrews 1819
Patsy Nicholas Andrews 1822
William Varney Andrews [1824-1901]
Allen Warren Andrews 1826
Neiles Andrews 1829
Newton Lucas Andrews 1831
Elizabeth Andrews 1834
Horace Green Andrews [1835 - 1862]
Lucy Rebecca Andrews 1838
Robert (Bob) Andrews 1841
Mary Andrews 1844
1840 United States Federal Census
Name: Jones Andrews [Jones Ardner]
Home in 1840 (City, County, State): Williamson, Tennessee
Free White Persons - Males - 5 thru 9: 2
Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 14: 1
Free White Persons - Males - 15 thru 19: 1
Free White Persons - Males - 40 thru 49: 1
Free White Persons - Females - Under 5: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 15 thru 19: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 20 thru 29: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 40 thru 49: 1
Slaves - Males - Under 10: 3
Slaves - Males - 10 thru 23: 2
Slaves - Males - 24 thru 35: 2
Slaves - Males - 55 thru 99: 1
Slaves - Females - Under 10: 3
Slaves - Females - 10 thru 23: 1
Slaves - Females - 24 thru 35: 1
Slaves - Females - 36 thru 54: 1
Persons Employed in Agriculture: 5
Free White Persons - Under 20: 6
Free White Persons - 20 thru 49: 3
Total Free White Persons: 9
Total Slaves: 14
Total All Persons - Free White, Free Colored, Slaves: 23
VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY HISTORY PAPER BY GREAT-GREAT GRANDSON William Lafayette Andrews, Jr., MARCH 8, 1939
"PROPAGANDA AND PRESS OPINION ON SLAVERY"
Propaganda has played an important role in inciting the animosity of factions of opposing forces in all wars. It played just as important a part in arousing tempers in the South and North prior to and during the Civil afar. This temper in the North was due directly to the propaganda ex-pounded by writers and publishers concerning slavery and social conditions effected therefrom in the South. The temper in the South was due largely to resentment of this propaganda.
The attack on slavery became a war on a section and its way of life. "Slavery was imagined, not investigated. Southern people and Southern life were distorted into forms best suited to purposes of propaganda. Church, political party, and State were drawn in as agents of a crusade declared to be launched in the name of morality and democracy."*
The machinery of attack ranged from local and national organizations, publications of every kind from newspapers to 'best sellers', to traveling preachers and missionary bands and organized legislative lobbies. It appealed mostly to the emotions. It made abolition and morality the same thing and it impressed two ideas on the northern mind, namely, that the Southerner was "an aristocrat, an enemy of democracy in society and government, and that slave-holders were men of violent and uncontrolled passions--intemperate, licentious, and brutal." * These northern organizations taught that the South was divided into two classes, slave-holders and poor whites. The slave-holders were said to completely control the section and had as their purpose the rule or ruin of the nation.
In one pamphlet circulated in the North, the writer spoke of the "savage ferocity" of Southern men. He says that their savage nature is the result of their habit of plundering and oppressing the slave. He tells of "perpetual idleness broken only by brutal cock-fights, gander-pullings, and horse races so barbarous in character that 'the blood of the tortured animal drips from the lash and flies at every leap from the stroke of the rowel.' "
Another article declared that thousands of slave women are given up as prey to the lusts of their masters. One writer stated that the South was full of mulattoes; that its best blood flowed in the veins of its slaves.
The final conclusion was stated by Theodore Parker in 1851 when he wrote: "The South, in the main, had a. very different origin from the North. I think few if any persons settled there for religious reasons, or for the sake of the freedom of the State. It was not a moral idea which sent men to Virginia, Georgia, or Carolina. 'Men do not gather grapes of thorns.' The difference in the seed will appear in difference of the crop. In the character of the people of the North and South, it appears at this day….. Here, now, is the great cause of the difference in the material results, represented in towns and villages, by farms and factories, ships and shops; here lies the cause of the differences in the schools and colleges, churches, and in the literature; the cause of difference in men themselves. The South with its despotic idea, dishonors labor, but wishes to compromise between its idleness and its appetite, and so kidnaps men to do the work."
On a July day in 1861 the New York Herald carried the story of Southern atrocities committed on the battle field at Bull Run. It told of a private in the First Connecticut regiment who found a wounded rebel lying in the sun crying for water. He lifted the rebel and carried him to the shade where he gently laid him and gave him water from his canteen. Revived by the water the rebel drew his pistol and shot his benefactor through the heart.
Another instance was related of a troop of rebel cavalry deliberately firing upon a number of wounded men who had been placed together in the shade. "All of which," the article added, "was attributed to the barbarism of slavery, in which, and to which the Southern soldiers have been educated."
For years the Southern men and women lived under such attacks. The answer of the South to such propaganda grew from a "half apologetic defense of slavery to an aggressive assertion of a superiority of all things Southern." Slavery benefited the Negro, it was asserted, and had made twice as many Christians out of heathens as all missionary efforts put together. A Southern minister declared that he was certain that God had confined slavery to the South because its people were better fitted to lift ignorant Africans to civilization. The South declared that the slave was better off than the white factory workers of England or New England; that he was useless to himself and to society without supervision and direction, and that nature or the curse of God on Ham had destined him to servitude. It was said by the South that true republican government was possible only where all white citizens were free from drudgery; that without slavery, farmers were destined to peasantry; that slave societies alone escape the ills of labor and race wars, unemployment and old age insecurity. The South had achieved a superior civilization.
The men who organized the attack on slavery and those who developed its defense were in most cases too extreme and radical to represent true sentiment of the masses. Conservatives in both the North and the South usually dismissed them as fanatics and assured themselves that they did not represent the true feelings of the people in either section. Nevertheless as the sentiment and tension grew and politicians became more and more vehement, these conservatives became fewer.
The true relationship of master and slave was predominately different from the pictures presented by propaganda machines. There were good masters and bad masters; extremely kind ones and occasionally cruel ones, though the really cruel or hard master was a marked exception. The conduct of the slaves in the war confirm this. It was not true as sometimes claimed, that every slave was loyal to his master, but the fact that the white master could go into the army, leaving his often lonely and remote farm or plantation, his wife and children, and frequently even money and jewels, in the care of the slave for whose liberty his opponent was fighting, indicates at least that there could have been no widespread hatred of the masters or resentment against them. Usually the relationship between slave and master was a personal one and there was none of that impersonalism which made for the discontent and brutality suffered by the New England factory worker. But if the plantation was of unusual size or if the master owned several of them in different places, this personal relationship might be lost, and the slaves' lives could be made a hell on earth. However, even when a slave was placed in good surroundings there was always the danger of his being sold. The best families prided themselves on not selling their slaves and on not breaking up slave families, but even the best of such owners might fall into circumstances necessitating the sale of the slaves. It is interesting to survey some of the leading articles that appeared in the various newspapers of the country prior to and during the rebellion. It is difficult to determine just how many of these articles are propaganda and how many represent the true feelings of the editors and writers. No doubt the fault was not much in the newspapers themselves but rather in the sources of their information. An interesting article concerning the famous assault by Preston S. Brooke, a member of the House of Representatives from South Carolina, upon Senator Sumner of Massachusetts, appeared in the New York Evening Post, May 23, 1856. The article entitled, "The Outrage On Mr. Sumner" is directed against the Southern Representative and Senator Butler. An excerpt follows: "The friends of slavery at Washington are attempting to silence the members of Congress from the free states by the same modes of discipline which make the slaves units on their plantations. Two ruffians from South Carolina, yesterday made the Senate Chamber the scene of their cowardly brutality. They had armed themselves with heavy canes, and-approaching Mr.Sumner, who was seated in his chair writing, Brooks struck him with his cane a violent blow on the head, which brought him stunned to the floor, and Keith with his weapon kept off the by-standers, while the other Ruffian, Brooks, repeated the blows upon the head of the apparently lifeless victim until his cane was shattered to fragments. Mr. Sumner was conveyed from the Senate Chamber bleeding and senseless, so severely wounded that the physician attending did not think it prudent to allow friends to have access to him. The excuse for this base assault is that Mr. Sumner had in the course of debate spoken disrespectfully of Mr. Butler, a relative of Preston S. Brooks, one of the authors of the outrage. No possible indecorum of language on the part of Mr. Sumner could excuse, much less justify an attack like this; but we have carefully examined his speech to see if it contains any matter which could even extenuate such an act of violence, and we find none. He had ridiculed Mr. Butler's devotion to slavery, it is true, but the weapons of ridicule and contempt in debate is by common consent as fair and allowable weapons as argument. We agree fully with Mr. Sumner that Mr. Butler is a monomaniac in the respect of which we speak; we certainly should place no confidence in any representation he might make which concerned the subject of slavery…… The truth is, that the proslavery party, which rules the Senate, looks upon violence as the proper instrument of its designs. Violence reigns in the streets of Washington; violence has now found its way to the Senate Chamber; In short violence is the order of the day; the North is to be pushed to the wall by it, and this plot will succeed if the people of the free States are as apathetic as the slaveholders are insolent."** It can readily be seen that the author of this article is vehemently opposed to the pro-slavery party, and the article illustrates perfectly the use of the newspaper for political means. An article appeared in the Springfield Republican October 19, 1859, praising the character of John Brown. "The universal feeling is that John Brown is a hero--a misguided and insane man, but nevertheless inspired with a genuine heroism. He has a large infusion of the stern old Puritan element in him." The text of the article appearing in the Springfield Republican December 3, 1859, the day after the execution of John Brown, follows! "John Brown still lives. The great State of Virginia has hung his venerable body upon the ignominous gallows, and released John Brown himself to join the noble army of martyrs.............................. A Christian man hung by Christians for acting upon his convictions of duty--a brave man hung for his chivalrous and self-sacrificing deed of humanity--a philanthropist hung for seeking the liberty of oppressed men. No outcry about violated law can cover up the essential enormity of a deed like this." Editorials such as those above did much to influence the populations of both the North and the South. By appealing to the emotions, sense of morality, and by publishing doubtful stories of atrocities the newspapers, along with the teachings of preachers and political speakers, were able to whip the fighting spirit of people on either side to a feverish pitch. This method of influencing the public opinion of all factions has been employed in. all of the wars since the Civil War and is playing its same role in totalitarian and democratic countries alike.
*Slavery and the Civil War, Southern Review, Autumn, 1938
**This article is thought to be the work of William Cullen Bryant, the editor of the paper at that time.
Friday, December 22, 2006 12:49 AM
From: WL Andrews' Son William Xavier Andrews
I did not have a copy of this paper. Its theme reflects the common view of historians both North and South after the Civil War, a romanticized view of the agricultural South as portrayed in the literature of such Vanderbilt's Agrarian writers as Penn Warren and Tate.
If Daddy had been at Vanderbilt thirty years later, the literature would have been much harsher on the South. For those people who claim that slavery was not the major cause of the Civil War, I came across an interesting document when I was at Corinth, Mississippi last year. It was at the Civil War museum there and it was an original copy of Mississippi's declaration of secession in 1861. I'm paraphrasing but it said something to the effect that the state was leaving the union over slavery - because the North refused to return runaway slaves, because it kept slavery out of the new emerging territories and because it allowed abolitionist propaganda to infiltrate the South. Sounds very paranoid to me.
Varney Andrews (1760 - 1848)
Amey Thweatt Andrews (1765 - ____)
Lucy Lanier Andrews (1799 - 1860)*
Mary Ann Andrews White (1818 - ____)*
Benjamin Andrews (1819 - 1837)*
Patsy Nicholas Andrews (1822 - 1857)*
William Varney Andrews (1824 - 1901)*
Allen Warren Andrews (1826 - 1837)*
Neiles Andrews (1829 - ____)*
Newton Lucus Andrews (1831 - 1871)*
Elizabeth Andrews (1834 - ____)*
Horace Green Andrews (1835 - 1862)*
Lucy Rebecca Andrews Floyd (1839 - 1926)*
Robert D. Andrews (1841 - 1905)*
William Alexander Andrews (1773 - 1861)*
Elizabeth Andrews Gee (1782 - ____)**
Anderson Andrews (1785 - 1821)**
Nancy Andrews Tanner (1787 - 1857)**
Martha Andrews Bugg (1789 - 1870)**
Jones Andrews (1791 - 1843)
Nevil G. Andrews (1793 - ____)**
Varney M. Andrews (1794 - 1879)*
Dorothy Lucas Andrews Hailey (1797 - 1863)**
John Andrews (1801 - 1930)**
Benjamin George Andrews (1803 - 1840)**
Lucas Andrews (1806 - ____)**
Allen Thweatt Andrews (1806 - 1868)**
Katherine G. Andrews (1809 - ____)**
Specifically: Possibly buried on his farm
Created by: John Early Andrews
Record added: Jun 06, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 70925067