George Birdwell was a partner and friend of Oklahoma outlaw Pretty Boy Floyd. He and Floyd robbed the banks in Earlsboro, Konawa, Maud, Morris, Shamrock, Tahlequah, and on December 12, 1931, two banks in one day at Castle and Paden, Oklahoma. The bank insurance rates doubled in one year in Oklahoma. Against advice Birdwell attempted to hold up the bank in the African-American community of Boley, Oklahoma in November, 1932. He was shot from within the vault by a citizen.