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John Armstrong, Jr
Birth: Nov. 25, 1758
Carlisle
Cumberland County
Pennsylvania, USA
Death: Apr. 1, 1843
Red Hook (Dutchess County)
Dutchess County
New York, USA

Soldier and Politician. He was the younger son of General John Armstrong, Sr., the famed general of the Revolutionary War and older brother of James who would become a doctor and US Congressman. He went to the local schools in Carlisle and then off to the College of New Jersey, now known as Princeton. College was interrupted so that he might join in the fight for our independence. With several people named John Armstrong fighting the Revolutionary War, including his famous father, the records and names sometimes get mixed up. He served as aide-de-camp for General Hugh Mercer until he carried the wounded and dying general from the battlefield at the Battle of Princeton. Armstrong then became the aide of General Horatio Gates and served him through the Battle of Saratoga. Poor health caused him to resign, but in 1782 Gates asked him to return with the rank of major, which he held trough the rest of the war. After the war he returned home to Carlisle and was made Adjutant General of Pennsylvania's militia and served as Secretary of State. In 1787 and 1788 he was a Pennsylvania delegate to the Continental Congress which offered to make him chief justice of the Northwest Territory. He declined this and all other offers for public office for the next twelve years. In 1789 he married Robert Livingston's sister Alida and they moved to New York and took up life as a gentleman farmer. In 1880 he replaced a resigning senator and in 1802 was reelected for his own term. He resigned just a few months later, only to return in 1804 when another Senator resigned. After serving four months of this term, President Jefferson named him minister of France where he served until 1810. During this time he also represented the United States at the court of Spain in 1806. At the start of the War of 1812 he was called back to service as a brigadier general in charge of defending New York. President Madison made him Secretary of War in 1813 and, after making a number of improvements in the armed forces, was blamed for the British burning Washington, DC and was forced to resign. He returned to New York and lived a quiet life while publishing some works on history, biographies, and agriculture. He died at home and his farm is still operating and is owned by the Livingston family. (bio by: Tom Todd) 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  John Armstrong Sr. (1717 - 1795)
  Rebecca Lyon Armstrong Armstrong (1719 - 1797)
 
 Spouse:
  Alida Livingston Armstrong (1761 - 1822)*
 
 Children:
  Horatio Gates Armstrong (1790 - 1859)*
  Margaret Alida Rebecca Armstrong Astor (1800 - 1872)*
 
 Sibling:
  James Armstrong (1748 - 1828)*
  John Armstrong (1758 - 1843)
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Rhinebeck Cemetery
Rhinebeck
Dutchess County
New York, USA
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Garver Graver
Record added: Aug 01, 2002
Find A Grave Memorial# 6653356
John Armstrong, Jr
Added by: Garver Graver
 
John Armstrong, Jr
Added by: Alan Brownsten
 
John Armstrong, Jr
Added by: Russ Dodge
 
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