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James Wilson Marshall
Birth: Oct. 8, 1810
Mercer County
New Jersey, USA
Death: Aug. 10, 1885
El Dorado County
California, USA

Folk Figure, Gold Rush notable. James Marshall is forever linked to the California gold rush as the man who set the whole world heading westward with his discovery of gold along the American River in northern California. He was born in Lambertsville, New Jersey leaving home at the age of twenty-four. He settled down along the banks of the Missouri River in the Missouri Territory and took to farming. After recovering from a fever, he surmised a healthier climate would be better and joined an emigrant train on its way to the Oregon Territory. Still not content, he set out once again this time for California. Marshall arrived at the Sacramento River settlement and was given employment as a carpenter. He soon was a land owner with a gowning number of livestock. He became a stable settler and joined John C. Fremont in staging the Bear Flag Revolt trying to seize control of California which failed when American troops arrived to occupy the territory at the start of the Mexican American War. He continued to serve with Fremont along with a few other loyal men, the remaining remnants from the revolt. He eventually returned to his farm only to find his cattle had been stolen and the house ram sacked and looted. He was forced to sell the property but was able to form a partnership with John Sutter to construct a sawmill along the American River, agreeing to operate the mill in return for a portion of the lumber. While checking around the finished mill, Marshall looked down through the clear water and saw what appeared to be gold. The only knowledgeable gold person in the construction crew was Elizabeth Wimmer who as a young girl while working with her father a gold prospector, learned to identify gold baring ore. The gem was taken to her and she used the old folk method of letting the nugget sit overnight in lye soap water. In the morning the ore appeared shiny indicating pure gold. The famous California Gold Rush had begun. The nugget weighted approximately one-third of an ounce with a value of $5.12. John Marshall, foreman of the mill, gave Jennie the gem while dubbing it the "Wimmer Nugget". She carried it around in a buckskin pouch. It was displayed at the Chicago World's Fair in 1893. Ironically, the subsequent gold rush actually harmed the man who had begun it. His sawmill quickly failed when all the able bodied men in the area turned all their efforts to the search for gold. He drifted from place to place in California, eventually settling in a spartan homesteader's cabin where he lived on a small subsistence gleaned from his garden. When James Wilson Marshall died in nearby Kelsey, penniless, he was taken back to Coloma and was buried on his former land, on a hill overlooking the town and the South Fork of the American River. Five years later the state erected a monument over his grave, atop which stands a bronze statue of Marshall, pointing to the spot where he made the discovery that electrified the world. Prologue: In 1927, the state of California declared the one acre parcel where he grew grapes and attempted to sell wine with the center piece his grave, the 'Marshall Gold Discovery State Historic Park. In 1966, The boyhood home of Marshall in New Jersey was saved from demolition and has been restored and houses the Lambertville Historical Society. The historic house known as the 'Marshal House' had a stored past and it now houses an extensive collection of archieved items and documents not only pertaining to the Marshall family but the history of the town of Lambertville. (bio by: Donald Greyfield) 
Family links: 
  Philip Marshall (1786 - 1834)
  Sarah Wilson Marshall (1788 - 1878)
  James Wilson Marshall (1810 - 1885)
  Abigail Marshall Ely (1813 - 1838)*
  Rebecca Marshall Carr (1820 - 1887)*
  Sarah Marshall Hoff (1827 - 1895)*
*Calculated relationship
James Marshall Monument and Gravesite
El Dorado County
California, USA
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Oct 14, 1999
Find A Grave Memorial# 6649
James Wilson Marshall
Added by: Donald Greyfield
James Wilson Marshall
Added by: Senator Conrad Horton
James Wilson Marshall
Added by: Senator Conrad Horton
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Rest in peace, cousin.
- Joseph R. Klett
 Added: Mar. 27, 2016
Happy October birthday!
- boo
 Added: Oct. 8, 2015

- R I P
 Added: Sep. 15, 2015
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