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 • Hall County
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James Longstreet
Birth: Jan. 8, 1821
Edgefield County
South Carolina, USA
Death: Jan. 2, 1904
Gainesville
Hall County
Georgia, USA

Civil War Confederate Lieutenant General. Commanded the First Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia, under General Robert E. Lee. Born January 8, 1821 in Edgefield County, South Carolina, when his mother was visiting her mother-in-law, his parents owned a cotton plantation in northern Georgia. A graduate of the US Military Academy, Class of 1842, he served in the Mexican War of 1845-46, where he was wounded at Chapultepec, Mexico in 1847. On March 8, 1848, in Lynchburg, Virginia, he married Maria Louisa Garland, daughter of General John Garland, and they would have ten children. He resigned his commission as a Major in the US Army on 1 June 1861 to join the Confederate Army as a Colonel. He was quickly promoted to General and soon commanded the First Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia, fighting in nearly every battle. He was considered not very aggressive in battle, and preferred to fight on the defensive, from a strong position. During the Battle of Gettysburg (1-3 July 1863), it was argued that Longstreet did not act appropriately to Lee's plan of attack, which cost the Confederate Army the victory. Lee, however, retained his faith in Longstreet throughout the war, and he proved to be an able defensive commander. His military career would reach its peak when Longstreet moved the entire 1st Corps from Virginia to northern Georgia, to support CSA General Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee in the Battle of Chickamauga. In this battle, Longstreet's leadership of his Corps proved most capable, and the 1st Corps drove the invading Yankee Army back to Chattanooga, Tennessee. Shortly afterwards, Lee recalled him back to Virginia, where Lee's Army was being pressed by General Grant. The several months of campaigning in Georgia and Tennessee was the first time in military history that the railroad was used to reposition an entire Corps to participate in battle. Longstreet was wounded a second time, on May 6, 1864, during the Battle of the Wilderness by his own men. After the War, he allied himself with the Republican Party, to the anger of his fellow Confederates, and worked to reconcile the Southern states to the Union. Many southerners considered him a traitor to the cause, and blamed him for the Confederacy's defeat. In 1880, he was appointed Minister to Turkey, and in 1881, he was appointed US Marshal of the state of Georgia (1881-84). Following the death of his wife, Maria, he married for a second time, on September 8, 1897, to Helen Dortch in Atlanta, Georgia. He served as US Commissioner of Railroads from 1898 to his death in Gainesville, Georgia, in 1904. (bio by: Kit and Morgan Benson) 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  James Longstreet (1783 - 1833)
  Mary Ann Dent Longstreet (1793 - 1855)
 
 Spouses:
  Maria Louisa Garland Longstreet (1827 - 1889)*
  Helen Dortch Longstreet (1863 - 1962)*
 
 Children:
  John G. Longstreet (1848 - 1918)*
  Augustus Baldwin Longstreet (1850 - 1862)*
  William Dent Longstreet (1853 - 1854)*
  James Longstreet (1857 - 1862)*
  Mary Anne Longstreet (1860 - 1862)*
  Robert Lee Longstreet (1863 - 1940)*
  James Longstreet (1865 - 1922)*
  Fitz Randolph Longstreet (1869 - 1951)*
  Louise Longstreet Whelchel (1872 - 1957)*
 
 Sibling:
  James Longstreet (1821 - 1904)
  Sarah Jane Longstreet Ames (1831 - 1920)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Alta Vista Cemetery
Gainesville
Hall County
Georgia, USA
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Jan 01, 2001
Find A Grave Memorial# 642
James Longstreet
Added by: ronald deavy (Inactive)
 
James Longstreet
Added by: Russ Dodge
 
James Longstreet
Added by: Geoff Walden
 
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NO MORE YANKEES, NO MORE REBELS, JUST AMERICANS... REST IN PEACE SIR
- MIKE ROUW
 Added: Apr. 7, 2014
I salute a great soldier wrongly maligned by history.
- John Robertson
 Added: Mar. 27, 2014

- LaDene
 Added: Mar. 9, 2014
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