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John Russell Bartlett, I
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Birth: Oct. 23, 1805
Providence County
Rhode Island, USA
Death: May 28, 1886
Providence County
Rhode Island, USA

American historian, linguist, author, politician. He was born in Providence, RI, 23 Oct 1805, son of Smith Bartlett and Nancy Russell. Shortly after his birth his family removed to Kingston, Canada. In his eighteenth year he returned to Providence and held various positions as a clerk in a dry goods store, a book-keeper and a bank cashier. In 1836 he moved to New York City as a bookseller, returning to Providence in 1850.
In 18501853 he was the commissioner on the part of the United States for the survey of the boundary between the United States and Mexico, but owing to the lack of funds did not finish the work. The autoethnonym of the Seri people of northwestern Mexico, Comcaac (which he wrote as "komkak"), was first recorded by Bartlett during a short visit to the area in early 1852. The word was included in the list of approximately 180 words that Bartlett archived in the Bureau of American Ethnology (now part of the National Anthropological Archives, housed at the Smithsonian).
After being superseded by another commissioner upon the accession of President Franklin Pierce, he published A Personal Narrative of Explorations and Incidents in Texas, New Mexico, California, Sonora and Chihuahua (2 vols., 1854), which, contains much valuable scientific and historical material concerning the south-west. In 1842, he joined ethnologist and public servant Albert Gallatin in founding the American Ethnological Society. He is chiefly remembered however, for his Dictionary of Americanisms (1848), a pioneering work which, although supplanted by later dialect studies, is still of value to students of language and remains a valuable contribution to the subject. The work is referenced frequently by the Oxford English Dictionary in which it is given the abbreviation "BARTLETT Dict. Amer."
From 1855 to 1872 he was Secretary of State of Rhode Island, and while serving in this capacity thoroughly re-arranged and classified the state records and prepared various bibliographies and compilations, relating chiefly to the history of the state. He was for several years librarian of the John Carter Brown library and collated an exhaustive catalogue which was published in four volumes.[1] He died in Providence on the 28th of May 1886. 
Family links: 
  Smith Bartlett (1780 - 1867)
  Eliza Allen Rhodes Bartlett (1810 - 1853)
  Ellen Eddy Bartlett (1829 - 1913)
  Elizabeth Dorrance Bartlett (1833 - 1840)*
  Anna Russell Bartlett DuVillard (1835 - 1885)*
  Henry Anthony Bartlett (1838 - 1901)*
  George Francis Bartlett (1840 - 1842)*
  John Russell Bartlett (1843 - 1904)*
  Leila Bartlett (1846 - 1850)*
  John Russell Bartlett (1805 - 1886)
  Martha Russell Bartlett Duvillard (1810 - 1865)*
  George Francis Bartlett (1812 - 1888)*
  Robert Coleman Bartlett (1815 - 1853)*
*Calculated relationship
Swan Point Cemetery
Providence County
Rhode Island, USA
Created by: Superkentman
Record added: Dec 06, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 62619806
John Russell Bartlett, I
Added by: Linda Mac
John Russell Bartlett, I
Added by: Superkentman
John Russell Bartlett, I
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 Added: Dec. 12, 2012

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