Robert Livingston the Younger (1663 – April 1725) was the mayor of Albany, New York from 1710 to 1719. He was the son of James Livingston and nephew of Robert Livingston the Elder. Born in Scotland, he emigrated to America from Rotterdam in 1687 and in 1697 married Margareta Schuyler, the daughter of Pieter Schuyler, the mayor of Albany. He managed his uncle's Albany enterprises, becoming, serially, city clerk, county clerk alderman and deputy mayor, while simultaneously becoming a prominent merchant.
He was the first settler bearing this name in the province, from whom descended many eminent men, among whom may be named Philip, signer of the Declaration of Independence, Chancellor Robert R., William, Edward, and others. The family is of Scotch descent and was always on the side of learning and good government. All were in the patriot cause during the Revolution. Robert was Secretary of Albany, about the same as City Clerk, from 1675-1721, nearly fifty years. He was also Indian Commissioner, and executed other and special trusts with great judgment.
He married Alida Schuyler, widow of Rev. Nicholas Van Rensselaer, and had seven children. His house lot was on the northwest corner of State and North Pearl streets, where Tweddle Hall now stands. He died April 20, 1725, and was buried in the church. Robert, Jr., his nephew, was his successor as Secretary.