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James Monroe Armstrong
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Birth: 1812
Clermont County
Ohio, USA
Death: Oct. 3, 1895
Walnut Hills
Hamilton County
Ohio, USA

Mechanic, Merchant and one of the Proprietors of the Russell, Morgan & Co. Job Printing Office, Nos. 258 and 260 Race street, Cincinnati, was born, 1812, in Columbia township, Hamilton county, and is a son of the late James Armstrong, for many years flour inspector of Cincinnati.

The latter was one of six brothers, who with their three sisters and parents removed from Maryland and located, in the year 1800, on the Little Miami river, near what is now Plainville, formerly known as Armstrong's upper, middle and lower mills.

Nathaniel Shepherd Armstrong, the father of this large family, assisted in locating his six sons as follows: William and Major John were located at the lower mill; Thomas and Leonard operated the middle mill, while James and Nathaniel had charge of the upper mill.

In 1822 James, the father of James Monroe Armstrong, disposed of his interests in the upper mill to his brother, and removed to a farm on Indian Hill, in the same township, where he remained until 1828, when he removed to Cincinnati, where he became flour inspector, as above stated, and held the position for many years.

He died in 1841, aged fifty-seven years; his widow survived him until 1866, when she followed him, at the ripe age of seventy-seven.

James Monroe Armstrong, at the age of sixteen, commenced learning the coachmaking trade in the establishment of William Holyoke, then located on the present site of the National Theatre, on Sycamore street. At the expiration of five years he had thoroughly mastered his trade; but, feeling the need of a better education, he entered the Talbot School, in the old Cincinnati College. He remained there a few months, paying for his tuition by his own labor.

After leaving school he began work in the factory of the late George C. Miller, then one of the largest carriage manufactories in the West, and is yet in a flourishing condition under the management of two of the founder's sons. He remained at this establishment for three years, and then formed a partnership with Samuel Barnes, and in 1838, under the firm-name of Armstrong & Barnes, opened their own factory on Vine above Twelfth street.

This connection continued prosperously until about 1844, when the junior member disposed of his interests to his partner, Barnes, and with two others engaged, in the following year, in the grocery, coopering and whiskey-gauging business. In 1850 he retired from this connection, and in company with Hermann Krafeldt embarked in the flour trade on the West Miami canal. In 1854 his brother, Arthur E. Armstrong, on account of his superior knowledge of the quality of flour and grain, was added to the firm.

In 1855 Mr. Krafeldt died, but the business was continued by himself and brother on the same square (the last eight years on the corner of Walnut street) until 1867. At that date, in connection with A. O. Russell, R. J. Morgan and John F. Robinson, he purchased the Cincinnati Enquirer job printing office on College street. After remaining there for between five and six years, during which time their business assumed immense proportions, the company purchased the ground and erected their present building on Race street, which is now one of the largest, most complete, and thoroughly and successfully conducted printing establishments in the entire West.

In 1874 James M. Armstrong was elected a member of the City Council, in which body he served as a member of some of its most important committees. In the fall of 1875 he was one of the nominees of the Democratic party for the Legislature.

With all of the other candidates for the Legislature of the party on that ticket he was defeated. For the past ten years he has been a member of the Board of Directors of the Second National Bank. His business interests have from time to time brought him into relations with the various commercial organizations of the city. He has been more than usually successful in his career of varied effort. His personal and business habits have been unexceptional.

His brother, Arthur E., is still engaged in the flour and grain trade, and another, Sandford L., is a merchant at Rising Sun, Indiana. Dr. Nathaniel S. Armstrong was a practitioner of medicine in Cincinnati, and one of its most prominent, honest and conscientious; he was the brother-in-law of the late Charles Woodward, both of whom the profession were proud of; he died in Cincinnati in 1854. Leonard L., another brother, is in the drug business at Cumminsville, Ohio. John Wesley, another brother, was attached to the 5th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and was mortally wounded at the battle of Antietam. Thomas Milton, his youngest brother, died in 1863, aged thirty-three years; his only sister living is Mrs. Robert Evans, of Indianapolis, Indiana.

He was married, January 29th, 1840, to Martha, daughter of Caleb Williams, one of the oldest and most respected citizens of Cincinnati, with whom he has three children, two daughters and one son. In 1853 Caleb Williams died, at the age of seventy-two years; his companion, Martha Williams, died in 1846.

The Biographical Encyclopedia of Ohio of the Nineteenth Century. Columbus, OH, USA: Galaxy Publishing Co., 1876. 
Family links: 
  Martha Williams Armstrong (1821 - 1889)
  M Addie Armstrong (1840 - 1885)*
  Floris A Armstrong Sackett (1843 - 1911)*
  James Caleb Armstrong (1848 - 1904)*
*Calculated relationship
Spring Grove Cemetery
Hamilton County
Ohio, USA
Plot: Garden LN sec 25 lot 2 space 3
Created by: A.Firefly
Record added: Oct 11, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 59988174
James Monroe Armstrong
Added by: Michael Harper
James Monroe Armstrong
Added by: Michael Harper
James Monroe Armstrong
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Marissa K
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- A.Firefly
 Added: Jul. 6, 2011

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