|Death: ||Sep. 24, 1275|
2nd Earl Of Hereford, 1st Earl of Essex, Constable of England, Constable of Dover Castle, Sheriff of Kent. Baron of Pleshy, Essex. Please refer to the end of the bio for numbering complications.
Son of Henry de Bohun and Maud de Mandeville, Countess of Essex, daughter of Geoffrey FitzPeter. Grandson of Humphrey III de Bohun and Margaret de Huntington descendant of King David I of Scotland.
Husband of Maud de Eu Lusignan, daughter of Ralph de Exoudun and Alice d'Eu, the grand daughter of Geoffrey de Plantagenet. They had four sons and four daughters:
* Sir Humphrey de Bohun V
* Ralph, cleric
* Maud, wife of Anselm Marshall, 9th Earl of Pembroke and Roger de Quincy
* Alice, wife of Roger de Toni
* Eleanor, wife of John de Verdun
* Unknown daughter
Humphrey fought in France in 1230, 1242 and 1253, then in Wales in 1257. He was the Marshal of the Household for the coronation of Queen Eleanor in 1236, then succeeded his mother as the Earl of Essex later that year. He went on a pilgrimage to Spain in 1237, and to the Holy Lands in 1250. Maud died 14 Aug 1241, buried at Llanthony Abbey.
Humphrey was one of nine godfathers in 1239 for Edward, the Kings eldest son. In 1253 he founded the church of the Fryers Augustines on Broad Street in London. He was one of the writers of the Provisions of Oxford in 1258.
Secondly Humphrey married Maud Avenbury, and produced two sons; John and Sir Miles. He took sides with the King and was taken prisoner at the Battle of Lewes, 14 May 1264.
Maud died on 08 Oct 1273 at Sorges, Gascony, where she was buried.
Humphrey died in Warwickshire and was buried at Llanthony before the high altar. Maud's son, John, had her moved to be with her husband in 1290.
Depending on the source, this Humphrey is considered to be Humphrey IV, the 2nd Earl of Hereford and the 1st Earl of Essex. His father is considered the 1st Earl of Hereford and the 5th Humphrey as long as you don't count Humphrey with a Beard. The numbering confusion started from the 1100's and becomes ridiculous in the 1200's:
1. Humphrey with a Beard, Lord of the Manor in Bohun, the first Humphrey aka Henry, was a Norman known as Humphrey with the beard (as clean shaven was common in that era) who had three unknown wives. He was with William the Conqueror, and died before 1113.
2. Humphrey I d c 1123
Youngest son, married Margaret of Salisbury, receiving Trowbridge in Wiltshire, known as Humphrey the Great, called Humphrey I, "the founder of the fortunes of his family."
3. Humphrey II - died before 29 Sept 1165
Married Margaret of Hereford, dtr of Miles of Hereford and Sibyl de Neufmarche, inherited Trowbridge, supported Stephen then Empress Matilda, fell from favor and lost lands in Wiltshire.
4. Humphrey III - died Dec 1181
Married Margaret of Huntingdon, dtr of Henry, Earl of Northumberland. Held Trowbridge and mother's lands in Wiltshire. Supported Henry II, became related to enemy William of Scotland thru marriage, witnessed peace treaty between William and Henry.
4a. Henry - 1176-1220
1st Earl of Hereford
Son of #4. Married Maud de Mandeville, dtr of Geoffrey FitzPeter.
5. Humphrey IV - 1204-1275
2nd Earl of Herford, 1st Earl of Essex
Son of #4. Married Maud de Lusignan, dtr of Raoul de Lusignan Cote de Eu. Godfather of Prince Edward (King Edward I), supported the Barons.
6. Humphrey V - died 1265
Son of #5
Died before his father. Married Eleanor de Braose, dtr of William de Braose and Eve Marshall.
Technically the 5th Humphrey but never became the Earl.
7. Humphrey VI - 1249-1298
3rd Earl of Hereford, 2nd Earl of Essex
Son of #6
Married Maud de Fiennes, fought in Welsh wars and opposed Edward I.
8. Humphrey VII - 1276-1322
4th Earl of Hereford, 3rd Earl of Essex, Constable of England
Son of #7
Died 16 Mar 1322 at the Battle of Boroughbridge.
Married Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (Plantagenet) dtr of King Edward I. His son John was the 5th Earl.
9. Humphrey 1309-1361
6th Earl of Hereford, High Constable
Died 15 Oct 1361, last direct line Humphrey. The earldom was passed to his younger brother William's son Humphrey below
10. Humphrey - 1341-1373
7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex and 2nd Earl of Northampton
Son of William, very last Humphrey, his estate was divided between his daughters as he had no sons:
* Mary de Bohun, wife of King Henry IV
* Eleanor, married Thomas of Woodstock
Henry de Bohun (1176 - 1220)
Maud de Mandeville (1190 - 1236)
Maud de Lusignan de Bohun (1214 - 1241)
Maud de Avenbury Bohun (____ - 1273)
Maud de Bohun Quincy (____ - 1252)*
Alice de Bohun Toeni (____ - 1255)*
Humphrey de Bohun (1225 - 1265)*
Llanthony Secunda Priory
City of Gloucester
Maintained by: Anne Shurtleff Stevens
Originally Created by: Jerry Ferren
Record added: Oct 04, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 59597055