Stoke by Nayland
|Death: ||Aug. 22, 1485|
lst Duke of Norfolk of the Howard family, son & heir of Sir Robert Howard by Margaret, dau of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, & cousin & ultimately coheiress of John Mowbray, 4th duke of Norfolk (d. 1475). He entered the service of his kinsman John Mowbray, 3rd duke of Norfolk. He was of service to the Yorkist cause, for on the accession of Edward IV in 1461 he was knighted, appointed constable of Colchester Castle, sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, and one of the king's carvers, and was known to have 'great fellowship' with the king. In 1462 he was appointed constable of Norwich Castle, and received grants of several manors forfeited by the Earl of Wiltshire and others. He was joined in a commission with Lords Fauconberg and Clinton to keep the seas; and they made a descent on Brittany, and took Croquet and the Isle of Rhé. Towards the end of the year he served under Norfolk against the Lancastrians in the north, and was sent by the duke from Newcastle to help the Earl of Warwick at Warkworth, and in the spring of 1464 was with Norfolk in Wales when the duke was securing the country for the king.
Howard returned home on 8 June (1464), and bought the reversion of the constableship of Bamborough Castle. On 3 Nov. 1465 his wife Catharine(dau of Wm., Lord Moleyns,) died. He married his 2nd wife, Margaret, dau of Sir John Chedworth, and in Apr was elected knight of the shire for Suffolk. He was employed in June 1468 in attending the king's sis Eliz to Flanders on her marriage with Charles, duke of Burgundy .
When Henry VI was restored he created Howard a baron by a writ of summons dated 15 Oct. 1470, making him Baron de Howard. Nevertheless, he appears to have remained faithful to the Yorkist cause. He commanded a fleet sent to oppose the Lancastrians & on Edward's landing in Mar,1471 proclaimed him king in Suffolk. Was at the battles of Barnet & Tewkesbury. In June he was appointed deputy-governor of Calais, and after having sworn to maintain the succession of the Prince of Wales, crossed over on 3 June, and was engaged in negotiations with France. When Edward invaded France in July 1475 he was accompanied by Howard, who was one of the king's most trusted councillors during the expedition; he was one of the commissioners who made the truce at Amiens, received a pension from Louis XI, and met Philip de Commines to arrange the conference between the two kings at Picquigny. He remained in France as a hostage for a short time after Edward left, and on his return to England received from the king as a reward for his fidelity and prudence grants of several manors in Suffolk and Cambridgeshire. He also was sent to Scotland in command of a fleet. At the funeral of Edward in April 1483, Howard, who is styled the king's bannerer, bore the late king's banner. Next he attached himself to Richard of Gloucester, and became privy to all his plans and doings. He was appointed high steward of the duchy of Lancaster on 13 May, and a privy councillor, and on 28 June was created Duke of Norfolk and earl marshal with remainder to the heirs male of his body, the patent thus reviving the dignities held by the Mowbrays and Thomas of Brotherton, son of Edward I, from whom he was descended on the mother's side through females. He was concerned in persuading the widowed queen [Elizabeth Woodville] to deliver up her younger son the Duke of York, that he might be lodged with his brother in the Tower. At the coronation of Richard III on 6 July he acted as high steward, bore the crown, and as marshal rode into Westminster Hall after the ceremony. He was appointed admiral of England, Ireland, and Aquitaine.
Was with Richard on his visit to the north on 12 Sept. 1484 when he was nominated chief of the commissioners to treat with the ambassadors of James III of Scotland.
For the sake of his oath and his honour he would not desert the king. At Bosworth he commanded the vanguard, which was largely composed of archers, and he was slain in the battle on 22 Aug. He was buried in the conventual church of Thetford. He was attainted by act of the first parliament of Henry VII. By his first wife, Catharine, he had Thomas, earl of Surrey and second duke of Norfolk, and four daughters: Anne, married to Sir Edward Gorges of Wraxall, Somerset; Isabel, married to Sir Robert Mortimer of Essex; Jane, married to John Timperley; and Margaret, married to Sir John Wyndham of Crownthorpe and Felbrigg, Norfolk, ancestor of the Wyndhams, earls of Egremont. His second wife, who bore him one daughter, Catharine, married to John Bourchier, second lord Berners, survived him, married John Norreys, and died in 1494.
— Rev. William Hunt.
After the dissolution of Thetford Priory, the Howard tombs were moved to the Church of St Michael the Archangel,
Robert Howard (1385 - 1436)
Margaret Mowbray Howard (1399 - 1459)
Catharine De Moleyns Howard (1424 - 1465)*
Margaret Chedworth Howard (1436 - 1494)*
Katherine Howard Bourchier (____ - 1536)*
Margaret Howard Wyndham*
Anne Howard Gorges*
Thomas Howard (1443 - 1524)*
Created by: Kaaren Crail Vining
Record added: Apr 30, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 51815911
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