Actions
Begin New Search
Refine Last Search
Cemetery Lookup
Add Burial Records
Help with Find A Grave

Find all Gibbons in:
 • Arlington National Cemetery
 • Arlington
 • Arlington County
 • Virginia
 • Find A Grave

Top Contributors
Success Stories
Discussion Forums
Find A Grave Store

Log In
Gen John Oliver Gibbon
Birth: Apr. 20, 1827
Philadelphia
Philadelphia County
Pennsylvania, USA
Death: Feb. 6, 1896
Baltimore
Baltimore County
Maryland, USA

Civil War Union Major General. Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when he was a small boy his family moved to Charlotte, North Carolina. It was from this state that he entered the United States Military Academy at West Point, graduating 20th in the class of 1847 that included future Union General Ambrose E. Burnside and future Confederate General Ambrose P. Hill. After service in the Mexican and Seminole wars and 5 years at West Point as artillery instructor, he was sent to Fort Leavenworth as Captain of the 4th United States Regular Artillery. Though 3 of his brothers enlisted in the Confederate Army when the war began, he remained with the Union. He had written the basic “Artillerist's Manual”, published by the War Department in 1860, and because of his qualifications Brigadier General Irvin McDowell made him chief of artillery in October 1861. However, when he became a Brigadier General of Volunteers himself, on May 2, 1862, he was given a brigade of 1 Indiana and 3 Wisconsin regiments. To bolster their morale he had them distinctively outfitted with tall black felt hats and white gaiters, and they became known as the Black Hat Brigade. A few months later, at South Mountain, thanks to a compliment from Major General Joseph Hooker, it became known as the Iron Brigade. He went on to divisional command in Major General John F. Reynolds' I Corps. He was wounded at the December 1862 Battle of Fredericksburg, and returned to lead the 2nd Division of Major General Winfield S. Hancock's II Corps. Wounded again at Gettysburg, he commanded briefly the draft depots at Philadelphia and Cleveland. He returned to his division in time to fight through all the battles of Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign against Petersburg, Virginia. He was promoted to Major General, US Volunteers on June 7, 1864. By January 1865 he was commanding the XXIV Corps and at Appomattox was one of the commissioners who received the surrender of General Robert E. Lee's army. Having received brevets in the Regular Army up to Major General, he was mustered out of the volunteer establishment on January 15, 1866. Remaining on active duty after the war, he fought Indians in the West. He participated in the Little Big Horn Campaign, where he commanded the troops that discovered and buried George A. Custer's troops after the battle. He was wounded once more the next year at Big Hole Basin, Montana. He was promoted to Brigadier General in the Regular Army on July 10, 1885. He later wrote a book, “Personal Recollections of the Civil War”, and was commander in chief of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States when he died in Baltimore. (bio by: Ugaalltheway) 
 
Family links: 
 Children:
  Katherine Larden Gibbon McCoy (1858 - 1888)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Arlington National Cemetery
Arlington
Arlington County
Virginia, USA
Plot: Section 2, Lot 986
GPS (lat/lon): 38.88038, -77.0724
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Mar 21, 1999
Find A Grave Memorial# 4836
Gen John Oliver Gibbon
Added by: Sharon Murray
 
Gen John Oliver Gibbon
Added by: Russ Dodge
 
Gen John Oliver Gibbon
Added by: Russ Dodge
 
There is 1 more photo not showing...
Click here to view all images...
Photos may be scaled.
Click on image for full size.


- LaDene
 Added: May. 20, 2014

- nyfirebird2003
 Added: Apr. 20, 2014

- nyfirebird2003
 Added: Apr. 20, 2014
There are 142 more notes not showing...
Click here to view all notes...
Do you have a photo to add? Click here
How famous was this person?
Current ranking for this person: (4.1 after 40 votes)
 

Privacy Statement and Terms of Service