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Houari Boumedienne
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Birth: Aug. 23, 1932
Death: Dec. 27, 1978

Algerian President, Military Leader. Born Mohamed Ben Brahim Boukharouba, he took the name Houari Boumedienne during the Algerian War of Independence. Boumedienne was educated at the Islamic Institute in Constantine. He joined the National Liberation Front in 1955, which was fighting against French rule. Boumedienne rose through the ranks of the group, and in 1960, became chief of staff. When Algeria gained its independence in 1962, he was made defense minister by President Ahmed Ben Bella. Boumedienne became distrustful of Ben Bella's erratic style of governing and in 1965, seized power in a bloodless coup. After his takeover, the country's constitution and political institutions were abolished and opposition to the new regime was not tolerated. Domestically, Boumedienne nationalized most of the major industries including the oil industry. By the mid 1970s signs of democracy begin to show as constitutional rule and certain political institutions were reinstated. He pursued a policy of non-alignment and supported anti-colonial movements across Africa and the Arab world. Boumedienne contracted a rare blood disease in early 1978 and after undergoing unsuccessful treatment in Moscow, passed away on December of that year. His funeral was attended by many foreign dignitaries including boxer Muhammed Ali. Boumedienne's passing caused a void in Algeria that is still felt in the country today. 
El Alia Cemetery
Algiers, Algeria
Created by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye
Record added: Feb 08, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 47806078
Houari Boumedienne
Added by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye
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