|Birth: ||Sep. 10, 1797|
New York, USA
|Death: ||Apr. 23, 1884|
New York, USA
Utica, NY native, married 1822 Susan Stetson.
Chester Bucknam Underwood was part of the Oneida Community, a religious commune founded by John Humphrey Noyes in Oneida, New York. The Community believed the Jesus had already returned in the year 70 A.D., making it possible for them to bring about Jesus' millennial kingdom themselves, and to be free of sin and perfect in this world and not just in Heaven.
The Oneida Community dissolved in 1881, and eventually became the silverware company, Oneida Limited.
The manufacturing of silverware, the sole remaining industry, began in 1877 relatively late in the life of the Community, and still exists. Other industries that were important to the Community were the manufacture of leather goods, weaving of palm hats, construction of garden furniture, game traps, and tourism.
All Community members were expected to work within the Community. Women did many of the domestic duties. Many of the skilled positions were the jobs of one Community member throughout their time in the Community. Community members rotated through unskilled jobs, but as the Oneida Community began to thrive, it began to hire outside workers to work in the unskilled job sect as well. The Oneida Community was a major employer in the area and employed about 200 employees by 1870.
The primary artifact of the Oneida Community is the 93,000 sq foot Mansion House in Oneida, New York. It has been lived in continuously since its construction (in stages) between 1862 and 1914 by the Oneida Community. Today it contains 35 apartments, 9 dorm rooms, 9 guest rooms, a museum and meeting and dining facilities. The Oneida Community Mansion House was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1965. The museum and parts of the house are open for visitors.
In the Publication, "The Oneida Family: Genealogy of a 19th Century Commune", by John B. Teeple (1985), Chester Underwood is described by the author as follows:
"UNDERWOOD, Chester B. Sr.
1797-1884, Utica, NY
Age 67, Farmer
December 24, 1864
Chester Underwood Sr. was born in Utica, New York on September 10, 1797, parentage not reported. His early religious is not known. He married Susan Stetson in the 1820's and had a son, Chester who was already a member when he and his wife joined on December 24, 1864:
Chester W. Underwood b. June 29, 1825
Chester Sr. was a farmer and played drums, with James Vaill on the fife, for the Community marches and bees. He read 'very acceptably' during bag bees and died at the age of 86 on April 23, 1884. He is buried in the Community Cemetery."
William Underwood (1767 - 1840)
Susan Stetson Underwood (1798 - 1879)
Chester W. Underwood (1825 - 1901)*
Edwin Ferris Underwood (1828 - 1919)*
Nancy Underwood Norton (1789 - 1875)*
Fanny Underwood (1792 - 1796)*
Chester Bucknam Underwood (1797 - 1884)
Oneida Community Cemetery
New York, USA
Maintained by: Jay's Daughter
Originally Created by: Andrew L.
Record added: Feb 06, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 47675484
Added: May. 30, 2013