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Francis "Frank" Wells, Sr
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Birth: May 8, 1733
Anne Arundel County
Maryland, USA
Death: Aug., 1812
Muhlenberg County
Kentucky, USA

son of Oliver P. Wells & Susan Furbee. Many trees show him as Son of Francis Wells and Margaret Charles.

m: Elizabeth Lewis

ch include (born in NC, most died in Muhlenberg Co KY):
-Josiah 1770-
-Micajah 1772-1851
-Courtney 1773-1854 m: Julius Hill 1813
-Francis Jr. 1775-1869 m: Mary Crabtree 1823
-Elizabeth ANN 1777- (not named in 1812 will of father)
-John Joseph 1780 or 1782-1847 m: Elizabeth Hill 1825/KY, ch may include: Mary Jane, Martha Caroline, John Richard, Elizabeth Q and possibly Synthia Ann
-Wyatt (DOB shown as 1777 or 1785 DOD as 1850, 1854, 1860)

(Note: Joel C 1805- and Temporence 1806-1917 have been shown as children of Francis. There is a 20 yr space between the last known child, it seems unlikely these would be his. Neither is named in his Will)

Text of the Will of Francis Wells:
"I trust and believe as surely to be saved. I will that all my debts and dues that owe to any manner of persons after my decease by my executors hereafter named. I leave my rifle gun to be sold to pay my debts if needed and I then give and bequeath unto my dear beloved wife all my land with all the household and utencils, but if until the death of my dear beloved wife and I give and bequeath to my daughter Courtney Wells one feather bed furniture and I give to Josiah Wells my son five pounds and to my son Wyat Wells I give and bequeath to him five pounds and the balance I give to my other three sons John Wells, Micagh Wells, and Francis Wells, Jr. I give and bequeath to them or their heirs. I leave my sons Micagh and John Wells executors of this my last will and testament. Given under my hand and seal this 7th day of April 1812."

. Muhlenberg Co. Abstracts of Wills and Administrations, p. 6. Inventory and Appraisal.
MCAWA(6): Francis WELLS, deceased. Inventory and Appraisal, by commissioners Silas DRAKE, Jacob DUKES, A. B. DRAKE. Approved November County Court 1812 (as it was in book). Book I, pp. 112-113

Francis may have had a spouse named "Sarah Margaret" according to one source, no documentation provided.

Above information for this memorial from Wells descendent family trees (with sources) posted to Ancestry, not independently proved.

The following bio is from
and is well-sourced. Link is courtesy of Sarah #I47876137, with thanks.

"Wells, Francis & Elizabeth Lewis
Francis Wells, son of Oliver P. Wells & Susan Furbee, was born May 8, 1733 in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland, and died in 1812 in Muhlenburg. Francis married Elizabeth Lewis, who died January 8, 1825 in Muhlenburg.

Children of Francis Wells & Elizabeth Lewis:

-Courtney Wells, born 1773 in Franklin Co., North Carolina; married Julius Hill February 20, 1813; died May 3, 1855
-Josiah Wells, born Franklin Co., North Carolina; married Fereby Bass November 1789 in Franklin Co., North Carolina
-Wyatt Wells, born 1785 Franklin Co., North Carolina; married Nancy Gaines August 14, 1802
-John Wells, born Franklin Co., North Carolina
-Micajah Wells, born January 1, 1772 Franklin Co., North Carolina; married Ann Collins
-Francis Wells Jr., born Franklin Co., North Carolina; married Mary Crabtree November 9, 1823
-Ann Wells, born in Franklin Co., North Carolina; married Jacob Bass

Source: Muhlenburg Will Book 1 Pages 140-142; History of Muhlenburg County, Kentucky by Otto A. Rothert 1913, Page 89
Information on the date & place of birth and names of parents of Francis Wells (Sr.) from Linda Young, Newburgh, Indiana
Information on Martha Wells from Heritage, Vol. 1 No. 1 Pages 12-13, Silas Drake Family Bible
Contributed by Donald Hauser"

The following added at request of Bev, with thanks.

"According to census records and the age of his oldest known child, Francis Wells, Sr., was almost certainly born by 1745.

He married by about 1764 to an unknown wife, possibly named Ana.

His son John was born about 1765.

The earliest definite mention of Francis was in 1768, Bute (later Franklin) Co., NC:

23 Nov 1768 - Bute Co., NC Deed Book-2, page 166 - ALBRIDGTON JONES, of Southampton Co., Va., to JOSHUA PERRY, of Bute Co. 320 Pds. Va. money for 640 A. in Bute Co., land granted to JOHN WADE 20 April 1745, on SS Great Shoccoe at mouth of first branch above ford of FRANK YOUNG, to line of JOHN GANT. Wit: THOMAS ROBERSON, THOS. HILL,JR., FRANCIS WILLS. Proved by THOMAS ROBERSON, Bute February Court 1769, BEN McCULLOCH, C.C. Reg: 3 July 1769, by WILLIAM JOHNSON, P.R.

1769 - There was a Josiah Wells in the same area - interesting as Francis's son born that year (or soon before or after) was also named Josiah:

1769 - Bute (now Warren) Co., NC -
DB-3, page 147. 4 September 1769. WILLIAM SMITH, of Bute Co., to WILLIAM MASSEY, JR. l0 Pds. Procl. money for 170 A. in Bute Co. on SS Tart River, down Woolf Pit Swamp to the River, adj. sd. SMITH, an EARL GRANVILLE grant 25 Karch 1749. Wit: PATEWILLS MILNER, JOSIAH WILLS. Proved by PATEWILLS MILNER, Bute November Court 1770, BEN McCULLOCH, C.C. Reg: 18 February 1771, by WILLIAM JOHNSON, P.R. Marginal notation: 14th. Augst. 1771 Deld. to THOS. BELL, Esq.

1770 - Francis Wells and Jacob Bass were in the same business and probably worked together. Two of Francis' sons would marry daughters of Jacob:

1770 - Bute Co., NC - Receipts include: Paid 1770: BENJAMIN MCCULLOCH; JESSE HUNTER; EDWARD CARLYLE, JOHN BROWN, and WELLS & BASS, for bridges.

1770 - Francis sold land in Bute Co., NC:
16 August 1770 - DB-3, page 128. THOMAS STEWART, of Halifax Co., to FRANCIS WILLS, of Bute Co. 75 Pds. Va. money for 550 A. in Bute Co. on BS Mill Swamp, Dears Branch, adj. VINSON &THOS. DAVIS, bought from JOHN FERRELL & being a grant from THOMAS CHILD. Wit: JOS. MONTFORT, THOS. BELL. Proved by THOMAS BELL, Esq., Bute August Court 1770, BEN McCULLOCH, C.C.Reg: 13 February 1771, by WILLIAM JOHNSON, P.R.

1771 - Francis Wells and Jacob Bass were definitely in business together. Francis gave bond to build a bridge over Sandy Creek:

11 Feb 1771 - BUTE COUNTY RECORD BOOK A 1764-1774
165 Bond for FRANCIS WILLS to build a bridge over Sandy Creek where the road crosses that leads from Reubin Town towards Tarbrough & to keep same in repair for seven years. Bond, dated 11 Feb. 1771, to OSBORN JEFFREYS, Chairman Court. Securities: JACOB BASS, GABRIEL RAY. Wit: MATHEW THOMAS, JOHN WATKINS. Recorded February Court 1771.

13 Feb 1771 - Francis Wells and Jacob Bass witnessed a deed together:

From original by Mary Hinton Kerr
DB-3, page 215. 13 February 1771. FRED(E)RICK DAVIS to MATHEW THOMAS, both of Bute Co. 12 Pds. Va. money for 16 A. in Bute Co. on NS Sandy Creek, from mouth of Horse Pen Branch, devised to him in will of his father THOMAS DAVIS, Dec'd., a patent to him 6 Feb. 1762. Wit: PETER WALKER, FRANCIS WILLS, JACOB BASS. Proved by FRANCIS WILLS, Bute February Court 1771, BEN McCULLOCH, C.C. Reg: 13 May 1771, by WILLIAM JOHNSON, P.R. Marginal notation: 12 Augst. 1772 Deld. to MR. THOMAS.

13 Feb 1771 - Bute County, North Carolina Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, 1767-1779, 13 February 1771
"Matthew Thomas Esq'r returned into Court a bond taken by him from Francis Wells and Jacob Bass for building a bridge and keeping the same in repair over Sandy Creek, and
the same is Ordered to be recorded."

13 Feb 1771 - Bute County, North Carolina Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, 1767-1779, 13 February 1771
"Ordered that the Collector pay to Francis Wells and Jacob Bass the sum of thirteen pounds ten shillings proc. for building a bridge over Sandy Creek."

Both Francis Wells and Jacob Bass were Baptists:

16 Oct 1771 - DB-5, page 83. 16 October 1771; p. 531.
"Jacob Bass, of Bute Co., to the BAPTIST SOCIETY at Sandy Creek. 5 Sh: Procl. money for two acres in Bute Co. on Sandy Creek, part of sd. Basses Mill Land, near Sandy Creek Bridge. Wit: William Crutchfield, Francis Wells, David Walker. Proved by DAVID WALKER, Bute Nov. Court 1774, BEN McCULLOCH, C.C. Reg: 8 March 1775, JAMES JOHNSON.

The timing of the above deed for land to build a new church probably had something to do with the suppression of the Regulator movement in North Carolina earlier that same year which resulted in the dispersal of the area's Baptists:
North Carolina History Project
"Many of the members of Sandy Creek Church were small subsistence farmers, and next to none owned slaves. Their religious and political views fostered a defiance of established authority--especially when one believed that the provincial government abused the poor and the just. Thus, many Sandy Creek Baptists participated in the Regulator Movement (a democratic protest in North Carolina, where the Quaker Herman Husband played a leading role in protesting the abuse of power within Governor William Tryon's administration). Separate Baptists at Sandy Creek therefore joined with Quakers to oppose the high tax increases that Governor William Tryon's government attempted to enforce...
The Regulator Movement in North Carolina culminated at the Battle of Alamance in May 1771. Before the battle, many believed Tryon would not wage war on the farmers, but the governor was determined to stop rebellion by using military force. ..
Despite the Regulators failed attempts to negotiate with Governor Tryon not to use force, the battle commenced on May 16, 1771. The Regulators used guerilla tactics against Governor Tryon's men, but they lacked leadership and ammunition. After the battle, over 150 men had been seriously wounded, and twenty Regulators and nine militiamen had died. Following the battle, Tryon ordered six of the twelve Regulators to be hanged publicly in Hillsborough. James Few, a Baptist from Sandy Creek, refused to renounce his involvement, because as he said moments before his death, he "had been sent from heaven to relieve the world from oppression." Following the executions, Governor Tryon and his troops spent a week in the Sandy Creek settlement searching for Regulators who had fled the Battle of Alamance. They burned crops, confiscated flour and cattle for food, and torched more than a few Sandy Creek Baptists' farmsteads and homes.
Following the destruction, Governor Tryon issued a Regulator Pardon for those who surrendered their arms; but for the unrepentant, he ordered their farms and homes to be burned. At Sandy Creek, 1,300 took the oath. Regarding the oaths, one Regulator confided to a Moravian that it was not safe to stay "because some asked the governor for pardon, and others had not done so, so their lives were not safe from each other." The following year membership in the Sandy Creek Church plummeted from 606 to 14. The exodus from the Piedmont contributed to Baptist growth in western North Carolina, Tennessee, and South Carolina. Not only did Regulators and Sandy Creek Baptists establish churches in other parts, their beliefs also planted the seeds for common people to revolt against Great Britain during the American Revolution. "

1 Jan 1772, Franklin Co., NC - Francis's son Micajah was born.

1774 - Francis Wills took the oath of loyalty to North Carolina in the lead up to the American Revolution. This oath had to be administered by justices of their districts to qualify the men to vote in local elections, but as a Baptist there's no reason to doubt his devotion to the American cause. His friend and future in-law Jacob Bass, Sr. and his son Jacob Jr. would both serve in the 1st North Carolina Militia during the war:

1775 - 1776 Bute County Safety Committee Meeting Minutes
Oaths of Allegiance to North Carolina; Pittman Papers marked Misc. County Records 1774-1804
Captain Colclough's District
Oath of Allegiance Bute Co. NC
"I will bare faithful and true allegiance to the State of North Carolina and will truly endeavor to support maintain and defend the Independent Goverm't thereof against George the third King of Great Britain and his successors and the attempts of any other persons, prince, power, State, or potentate who by secret are treason conspire copies or by open force shall attempt to subject the same and I will in every respect conduct myself as a peaceful orderly subject and that I will disclose and make known to the Governor (or) some member of the Council of State or some Justice of the Superior Courts or of the peace all treason conspiracies and attempts committed or intended
against the State which shall come to my knowledge, so help you God.
Oaths taken before Captain Matthew Thomas:
[among many others]
Francis Wills

1776 - 14 February 1776: Bute County, North Carolina Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, 1767-1779:
"A Grand jury for the body of this County being summned to wit Benjamin Hill foreman, Francis Wells, Edward Richardson, Robert Carr, Jesse Hunter, John Gibbs, Roger Thornton, Joseph Shearin, William Cheek, Elias Dossey, William Myrick, Peter Davis, Solomon Dossey, John Foster, Philip Wilhide."

1781 - Francis's daughter Courtney was born about 1781.

1785 - Francis's son Wyatt was born about 1785.

1786 Francis was still building bridges:

Dec 1786 - FRANKLIN COUNTY, NC - COURT - Extract of Minutes, 1786-1787
Minutes of December Term 1786
"Ordered that the Collector pay Francis Wills thirteen pounds Nineteen Shillings for- building a Bridge acroSs End Creek & that he be allowed the same in his Settlement of the County Tax."

1786 - Francis Wells knew Mosley Collins, who later went to Fairfield Co., SC:

"In the Petition of Mosley Collins for leave to build a Grist mill across Redbud Creek Ordered that John Weble[?], Francis Wills, William Morris & Richd. Mill, attend with the County Surveyor to Lay out & Vallue an acre of Land on each side sd. Creek & make the report to next Court."

Sep 1789 - Franklin Co., NC - Minutes of September Court 1789
"Ordered that Archibald Davis John Watkins Francis Wells Isham Gant Charles Gant Baxter Ragsdill James Boon Jesse Webb Solomon Batchelor William Solomon, Major Richards Charles Joey Jonathon Stone John Thomas Howell Cooher Giles, Driver Hickman Williams Obediah Heickling, Ephraim Perry John Alford Wm.Freeman James Murfree James Walker Joshua Jones John Simmons Lewis Bridges James Howey John Cook Charles Yarbrough & Thomas Ownby be appointed and
summoned as jurors to next court."

Nov 1789 - Francis's son Josiah married Nov 1789, Franklin Co., NC to Fereby Bass, daughter of Jacob Bass Sr.

1789 -1790 - Francis's son John married Elizabeth Bass, daughter of Jacob Bass, Sr. They had no children as yet in 1790:

1790 census, Franklin Co., NC:
John Wells 2-0-1-0-0
Two white males 16 or older - John & ?
One white female - Elizabeth

Also about 1790, Francis's son Micajah married Ann Collins, daughter of Michael Collins.

In 1790, Francis and wife had three males living at home, two under age sixteen, Francis, Jr., and Wyatt, and one over sixteen which may have been son Josiah who had married the previous year but wasn't listed as a head of household on the census.. If this was Josiah still living with his parents, then one of the three girls or women living with them would have been his bride, Fereby (Bass).

1790 census, Franklin Co., NC, Halifax District
Frances Wells 2-2-4-0-2
Two white males 16 or older - Francis & son possibly son Josiah
two white males under 16 - Francis Jr. and Wyatt
Four white females - wife and daughter Courtney and two others, including possibly Fereby Bass
Two slaves

1791, Francis sold 70 acres of land in what was now Franklin Co., NC:

1791 - "Abstracts of the Early Deeds of Franklin County North Carolina, 1779-1797", by Joseph W. Watson, Rocky Point, NC, 1984.
p. 201
"Deed Book 10, #1407, p. 232 Francis Wills of Franklin Co. to Elisha Hunter of same, Aug. 22, 1791, for 40 pds. current money a tract of 70 acres lying on the north side of Ransoms Road and on a branch adjoining Nelms and Hooff, it being part of a tract of land which Isaac Sanders bought of Simon Murphy. Wit: Wm. Bodie, J. Hoof."

Sep 1792 - Josiah was summoned into court in Franklin Co., NC concerning the will of his deceased father-in-law, Jacob Bass, Sr.:

From Bradley, Franklin Co., NC, Loose Estate Papers, Vol. 1, 1777-1810, p. 1f [original pp. 6f]:
Jacob Bass -Sept Ct. 1792 - Summons to John Hoof, Archibald Davis, John Edwards, Samuel Dukes & Josiah Wills [Wells] to appear about the will of Jacob Bass, decd.

Six months later John and his wife Elizabeth were also summoned to appear concerning her father Jacob Bass, Sr.'s estate:

1793 - Mar Ct 1793 - Summons to John Williford, Mary Jones, John Wills [Wells], Elizabeth Wills [Wells] & Theophilus Moss.

25 Mar 1795 - Francis was listed as a juror in Franklin Co., NC:

From Bradley, WILL BOOK B, FRANKLIN CO., NC, 1795-1804:

1795 - 5 Feb 1795 - Receipt from JOSIAH HILL [Wills] to same [Theophilus Bass] for the full part of his father's estate

c. 1796 - Francis is mentioned in Franklin Co., NC as a buyer at the estate sale of his son Micajah's father-in-law, Michael Collins. Francis' land adjoined that of John Collins, Michael's father.

1796?, Franklin Co., NC , Franklin Co., NC Will Book B, p. 63:
"Inventory of estate of Michael Collin; buyers were (among many others) Francis Wells."

1797 - Francis and his son Josiah were appointed to a committee along with a number of their neighbors to survey and lay off a new road:

1797 - Franklin Co., NC Minutes of September Court 1797
"Ordered that Drewry Gilliam Marcus Gilliam William Leonard Parker Murphey Arthur Murphy John Leonard, Richard Hill, Richard Hill (great[?]) William White Josiah Thomas, James Collins, Henry Collins, Shea. Bass, Charles Gant, Josiah White[Wills?], Francis Wills, John Robbins, Lewis Webb, Benjamin Conner[?] Warren Bass James Vinson David Vinson, James Collins, Senr. and Stephen Gupton be appointed a Jury to Think[?] and Lay off if they think necessary a Road from the County line near Great Shocco Creek to Nash County line near Portis's and report to next Court."

15 Mar 1798 - Franklin Co., NC - Sons John and Micajah were mentioned in guardianship papers for the orphans of Lewis Hill:

"Will Book A Franklin County, North Carolina 1785-1797 Wills Estates Records, Guardian Accounts" Abstracted by Dr. Stephen E. Bradley, Jr. 1988 South Boston Virginia.
(211) 45 Guardian account or orphans of Lewis HILL dec'd. by Richd. HILL guardian. Covers 1797, 1798. Persons mentioned: Green HILL, John HALL, Richard HILL, Gilliam WATKINS, Thomas BASS, Athelston ANDREWS, Henry HILL, Robert COOPER, John JOHNSTON, James HUNT, Oran BASS, Lewis WEBB, Solomon HARRIS, John FOSTER, Micajah WELLS, Parker MURFREE, Frederick LEONARD, Sr., William KIRBY, Gray ANDREWS, Stephen GUPTON, William BRIDGES, David SEARS, Frederick DAVIS, Thomas STOKES, John WELLS, James DAVIS, Henry COLLINS, William GILLIAM, William MORRISS, Henry COLLINS, John WATKINS, Theophilus BASS, Marcus GILLIAM, Averit HIDE, William Clanton HILL. Examined March 15, 1798 by James GRAY, Thomas BRICKELL.

1799 Franklin Co., NC tax list, Capt. Webb's district:
Francis "Wills" (Wells)

On the 1800 census, Francis Sr., John, and Francis Jr. are all listed in Franklin Co., NC. Son Micajah was in neighboring Nash Co., NC, and son Josiah has probably already moved to Sumner Co., TN:

1800 Franklin Co., NC census, p. 475
Jacob Bass (Jr) 3-0-0-2-0 2-1-0-1-0 no slaves
[next door]
Frank Wells Sr. 1-0-0-0-1 0-1-1-1-1 5 slaves
One male b. by 1765 - Francis Sr.
One female b. by 1765 - wife
One female b. 1765-1775 - ?
One female b. 1775-1784 - Courtney, b. 1781
One female b. 1784-1790 - ?
[next door]
Frank Wells Jr. 0-0-0-1-0 1-0-1-0-0 0 slaves
[next door]
Warren Bass 0-0-1-0-0 1-0-1-0-0 4 slaves

1800 Franklin Co., NC census, p. 485
John Wells 2-0-2-1-0 2-0-1-0-1 3 slaves

1800 Halifax, Nash Co., NC, p. 126
Micajah Wells 1-0-0-1-0 1-1-0-1-0 1 slave

Mar 1801 - Son John is mentioned in connection with the estate of Nathaniel Gilliam:

Mar 1801 Court - Will Book B - Franklin Co NC

14 Aug 1802, Franklin Co., NC - Son Wyatt married Nancy Ganes.

Jun 1803 - Son John was still in Franklin Co., NC as he acknowledged a deed:

Franklin Co., NC Minutes of June Court 1803:
"John Wells ackd. a deed to Thos. Floyd & on M.O.R."

c. 1805 - Micajah's daughter Ann born in NC [age 45 on 1850 census]

1805 the family, Francis Sr., John, Micajah, Francis Jr., and Wyatt may have gone to Sumner Co., TN to join or visit Josiah or simply on their way to Kentucky.

16 Oct 1805 - Francis' son Josiah's daughter Nancy was married in Sumner Co., TN. It was Francis' son Wyatt who gave bond for the marriage.

1806 - In 1806 Francis Sr., John, Micajah, Francis Jr., and Wyatt arrived in Muhlenberg Co., KY. It's possible that Josiah came along, at least for awhile, as two or three of his older children seem to have settled there at this time. It's possible they moved back and forth, as their new home in KY was only about eighty miles northwest from Josiah's home in Sumner Co., TN. Temperance Wells who married Miles Cary and Mariah "Polly" Wells who married Simon Walls were probably daughters of Josiah, as was possibly the Joel C. Wells who settled across the river in Christian Co., KY.

Francis bought land in Muhlenberg Co. in the Upper Pond River and Long Creek area.

County of Christian, Kentucky; Historical and Biographical , edited by William Henry Perrin, F.A. Bettey Publishing Co.; Chicago and Louisville 1884
"Wilson Precinct.-Simultaneous with the settlement of the others, emigrants from the Carolinas and elsewhere moved into the Wilson Precinct. Among the first were the Murphys, Pitzers, Johnsons, etc. ... Nathaniel Grace, a man by the name of Murphy, Collier Butler, Willis Murdock, Henry Myers, and another family by the name of Wells, came about the same time as the Murphys, Pitzers, etc."
Muhlenberg County, Kentucky; Turner Publishing, Paducah, KY 1996, p. 256
"The Dukes family probably made the move from NC to TN and KY with a local caravan headed that way. He was one of the first settlers to settle in the Long Creek section of Muhlenberg, along with the Drakes, Moores, and Wells families."

A History of Muhlenberg County by Otto Arthur Rothert, p. 89:
"Among the well-known first-comers who settled in the Pond River country above Old Liberty and Murphy's Lake was Micajah Wells, who came from North Carolina before the country was organized, settling in the lower Long Creek country, where he and his three brothers did much toward opening up that section... he (Micajah Wells) and his brothers John, Frank, and Wyatt Wells were among the pioneers in the upper Pond River and Long Creek country."

1 Nov 1806 - Francis Sr. witnessed the will of Capt. Charles Lewis in Muhlenberg Co., KY on 1 Nov 1806. The next month, on 15 Dec 1806, his probable daughter Mariah "Polly" (probably daughter of Josiah) married Simon Walls, who was the son of Pearce Wall who died 1798 in Sumner Co., TN. Charles Lewis, Esq., performed the ceremony. Capt Charles Lewis was from Fairfield Co., SC. He came west about 1795 and lived for awhile in Sumner Co., TN before continuing on to Muhlenberg Co., KY by 1799.

Charles Lewis' will would be probated at the Feb 1808 Muhlenberg County court. He gives bequests to his children, then names his wife:

[Muhlenberg Co., KY Will Book p. 86-88]
"I Charles do give and bequeath to my wife Elizabeth Lewis during her life, three negros, Peter, Marnor, and Grace, with all my lands, stock, and household furniture. Then the balance after, make the three children above mentioned equal with the rest. The balance to be equal divided amongst the whole at the death of my wife Elizabeth Lewis.
I Charles Lewis do beg and desire that my wife Elizabeth Lewis, James Lewis, and Isaac Pennington shall stand as guardians this being my last will and testament.
Charles Lewis (seal )
Signed, and Sealed in the presence of us, November 1, 1806
Micagah Wells
Frances Wells
Jeremiah X (his mark) (illegible last name)

27 Feb 1807 - Muhlenberg County Heritage - Vol 18 No 2, Page 46; Willard Library, Evansville, IN - Deed Book No. 2, page 35:
Muhlenberg County Court: Surveyed 27th February 1807 for Micogah Wells, 300 acres of land by
virtue of a County Court Certificate No. 632. On Long Creek, beginning at Sugar Tree, Hickory Beech, Rice Bullock's Military Line, running thence $45 West 260 poles to two Sugar Trees and White Oak, thence S10 E76 poles to black Walnut and Hickory, John McKinnies Line, thence with the same S30 E200 poles to a Sugar Tree, thence N30 East 78 poles to a White Oak thence N8 E74 poles to Hickory and Sugar Tree, thence N40 E60 poles to three White Oaks on said Bullock's Military Line, thence with the same N21 W220 poles to the beginning. Micajah Wells J.J. Hughs D.L.M.C., Sam Casey CC Alney McLean S.M.C.
Recorded in Greenville, Muhlenberg County, KY, Surveyors Book 1-2-3 Page 185

17 Sep 1807 - Wyatt's daughter Mary was born in KY.

In 1808, Francis' friend Charles Lewis died and Francis proved his will in court:

February Term 1808 Muhlenberg County Court; Muhlenberg Co., KY Will Book, p. 86-88
"The last will and testament of Charles Lewis dec'd was produced in court and fully proved by the oath of Frances Wells a subscribing witness and ordered to be recorded."
Att. Chas. F. Wing

Wyatt didn't stay in Kentucky, but moved back to Franklin Co., NC where his daughter Elizabeth was born about 1808.

Sep & Oct 1809, Muhlenberg Co., KY - son Micajah witnessed the will of neighbor Skinner Duvall.
Source: Will Book 1 Page 111 & 112:
"This 17th day of Sept. in the year 1809
Skinner ( X his mark ) Durall *(Duvall) (seal)
Test ; Micah Wells, Spencer O'neal, Robert Elder
Muhlenberg Co. Sct. Oct. Term 1809
The last will and testament of Skinner Durall *(Duvall) dec'd, was produced into court and proved by the oaths of Spencer O'Neal, and Micah Wells subscribing witness thereto and ordered to be recorded.
Att. Chas. F. W i n g"

1810 - Micajah Wells was Justice of the Peace in Muhlenberg Co., KY

The extended family all lived near each other:

1810 census, Greenville, Muhlenberg Co., KY
p. 395, Francis Wells [Sr.] 0-0-0-0-1 / 0-0-0-0-1 / 0-1 - Francis Sr. & wife & one slave
p. 395, Miles Chary 1-0-0-1-0 / 1-0-1-0-0 / - wife Temperance Wells
p. 396, Simon Wall 0-0-0-1-0 / 1-0-1-0-0 / 0-1 - wife Mariah "Polly" Wells
p. 404, Michajah Wells 1-1-0-1-0 / 2-1-2-0-1 / 0-3
p. 405, John Wells 1-2-1-0-1 / 2-1-1-1-1 / 0-1
p. 408, Elizabeth Lewis 1-0-1-0-0 / 3-1-1-0-1 / 0-5 - widow of Charles Lewis
p. 409, Francis Wells [Jr.] 3-0-0-1-0 / 2-1-0-1-0

Meanwhile, in 1810 son Wyatt was still back in Franklin Co., NC with his wife and four young daughters.

1810 census, Franklin Co., NC, p. 161
Wyatt Wills 0-0-0-1-0 4-0-0-1-0 0 slaves

Sometime after the 1810 census it appears that Francis' wife died and he soon remarried (1810-1812) in Muhlenberg Co., KY to Elizabeth Lewis, widow of Capt. Charles Lewis who died in 1808.

7 Apr 1812, Muhlenberg Co., KY - Francis made out his will, which was probated at the May county court, indicating that he had since died. He leaves only five pounds each to his sons Josiah and Wyatt who both lived out of state (and whom presumably he had already given their share), and also names wife Elizabeth, unmarried daughter Courtney, and sons John and Micajah:

Source: Will Book 1, Page 140,141, & 142
"In the name of God Amen
I Francis Wills, of Muhlenberg and Saint Margaret Parrish, being in good health in body and perfect memory, thanks be to Almighty God, and calling to rememberance the uncertainty of this transitory life, and that all flesh must yeild to death when it shall please God to call us home and the Merits? of Jesus Christ. I trust and believe as surely to be said, I will that all my debts and dues that owe to manner of persons after my decease by my excutors hereafter named.
I leave my rifle gun to be sold to pay my debts if needed and I then give and bequeath unto my dear beloved wife, ( not named ) all my land with all the household and utensils out of it until the death of my dear beloved wife.
I give and bequeath to my daughter Courting Wills one featherbed furniture.
I give to Josiah Wills my son, five pounds and to my son Wyat Wills I give and bequeath to him five pounds, and the balance I give to my other three sons, John Wills, Micash? Wills, & Francis Wills. I give and bequeath it to them and their heirs.
I leave my sons Micash? and John Wills excutors of this my last will and testament. Given under my hand & seal this 7th day of April 1812.
Francis (X his mark) Wills (seal)
Test : A.B. Drake, Louis Solomon"

May 1812 - Muhlenberg Co. Sct. May Court 1812
"Louis Solomon, a subscribing witness to the within instrument of writing came into court, approved the same to be the last will and testament of Francis Wills dec'd which is ordered to be certified.
Att. Chas. F. Wing C.M.C. "

Aug 1812 - The commonwealth of Kentucky, Muhlenberg Co. Sct.
"This day personally appeared before us John Dobyns and Wm Garrard, two Justices of the peace in aforesaid Co., Albritton Drake being of lawful age and made oath that Francis Wills dec'd his will bearing date this 8th of April 1812 is the last will and testament of said Wills deceased and no alteration ----? this given under my hand this 8th day of August 1812.
John Dobyns & Wm. Garrard"

22 Sep 1812 - the first inventory was made of Francis' estate:
Appraisement, Muhlenberg County Kentucky, September 22nd day 1812. We as Commissioners being first sworn, have proceeded to appraise all the parrishonable property of the estate of Francis Wells, d's., as follows, to wit:
$ C
One bed and furniture 17.66
One bed & furniture $8 - one shotgun $11 19.00
Sundry of kitchen furniture 6.91
One dutch oven, skillet & griddle 3.25
One pare of tongs & shuvel 1.33 1/3
One wolling wheel 1.50
One pare of flat irons & Hammer 3.25
Sundry of articles 1.40
5 chairs, table & chest 6.85
1 pot, kittle and 1 pare of stellyards 7.33
One chist & churn $1.25 - 1 rifle gun $19.33 20.58
2 meel tubs & 1 shugar tub & 2 cages 2.00
1 grindstone & wossing tub 1.70
A parcel of timber & half bushel 2.00
1 pare of cart wheels 10.66 2/3
3 hogsheads $2.25 - 1 sorrel horse colt $21.66 2/3 23.88 2/3
1 sorrel mare & colt $45 - 2 washing tubs 0.50 45.50
2 cows & yearlin $18. - 26 head of hogs $29.50 37.50
3 augers, 1 gouge & 1 taper bit 2.25
1 ads & & howel 76, 1 taper bit & squer 2.00
2 plane irons 3/2, sundry tools, 1 crosscut saw 3.75
2 cross irons, 1 stock 3/2, 1 foot ads 1.25
3 weeding hoes 12/2, 2 plowhoes 4.00
2 club as-, 1 set
of bench plains 4.50
1 hand saw 2.00

18 Nov 1812 - Francis' sons John and Micajah were his executors and inventoried his personal property:

Muhlenberg County, Kentucky
Will Book 2, 1814-29
November 28th 1812 a true amount of seal of part of the personal property of the estate of Francis Wells. Returned by John Wells, Exc., Micajah Wells, Exc.
John Wells to 3 bench plans - $1.75
Lewis Duvall - 2 chisels, 1 gougd(?), 1 rule - $.85
1 taper bit, 1 shingle bit - $.50
Josiah Underwood-1 auger - $1.00
1 inch auger - $.80
sundray of tools & square, 1 round shafe-?
Micajah Wells-1 Croso dowling bit - $.50
1 pare of compenses & gage - $1.20
1 tennant saw - $.70
1 fot ads (?) $1.00

Nov 1812 - Silas Drake, Jacob Dukes, A.B. Drake. Return of & Inventory & the appraisement of the estate of Francis Wells, dec'd., by me, Mej. Wells.
Muhlenberg County Sct. November County Court 1812.
Recorded in: Will Book 1, pages 112 & 113
County Court Clerk's Office, Greenville, KY 42345

Wyatt's son James was born 17 Apr 1814 in Franklin Co., NC

Jan 1819 - Probate of Francis Wells' estate:
Jan 1819, Estate approved in court JA1819 pg 112-114 (bk pg 19

Sometime between 1814 and 1819, Wyatt finally returned to Kentucky. His daughter Nancy was born 20 Feb 1819, Muhlenberg Co., KY.

The extended family was still in the same area:

1820 Muhlenberg Co., KY, Greenville, p. 162
Howard Duvall 1-0-0-0-1-0 0-1-0-1-0 wife Quinney Wells d/o John
[3 doors]
John Wells 0-1-1-2-0-1 0-3-1-1-0 s/o Francis Sr.
[9 doors]
Benjamin Duvall 0-0-0-1-1-0 1-0-0-1-1
Lewis Duvall
[3 doors]
Sampson Dukes
Wyatt Wells 4-0-0-0-1-1 0-3-1-1-0 s/o Francis Sr.
Miles Cary wife was Temperance Wells, prob. d/o Josiah
Francis Wells 2-1-1-2-0-1 1-2-0-0-0
Richard Hill
Sterling Hill
Johnston Wells 1-0-0-1-0-0 0-0-1-0-0 s/o Francis, Jr.
Julius Hill wife was Courtney Wells d/o Francis Sr.
James McKinney 2-2-0-1-1-0 4-0-1-1-0 wife Susan Lewis d/o Charles & Elizabeth

1820 Muhlenberg Co., KY census, Lewisburg, p. 156
Micajah Wells 1-0-0-1-0-1 1-1-2-0-0 s/o Francis Sr.

Elizabeth Lewis Wells was not listed as a head of household on the 1820 census, but she may have been living in the household of one of her children.

1821 - Francis' son Josiah Wells died 1821, Clarke Co., AL

Elizabeth's date of death is given as 3 Jan 1825 in one of her estate papers, but she must have died in 1824 as in Oct 1824 John Wells (son of Francis Sr.) petitioned the court to be allowed to administer her estate due to the fact that she had in her possession at the time of her death property that she had inherited from her second husband Francis Wells that was now supposed to go back to his children from his first marriage. He lost out to James McKinney who was married to Elizabeth's daughter Susan Lewis:

Oct 1824, Muhlenberg Co., KY - Abstracts from Order Book 3, p. 253
"On the motion of John Wells, for Administrator of the estate of Elizabeth Wells, late Lewis and Jas McKinney objected thereto and requested the privilege administering on said estate and was granted to said McKinney. Richard Thompson and Lew Dobyns executed bond."

(date? 1825 or later) - Muhlenberg Co., KY
"A list of property received and sold by me as administrator of the estate of Elizabeth Wills, was executrix to the estate of Charles Lewis, deceased [Elizabeth, not Charles] January 3rd 1825." Jas. McKinney."
Among the property listed were slaves:
one negro man $200
one girl Rachel $211
one woman Grace $30.50


Francis Wells, Sr.'s children:

1. John Wells, b. 1765; d. 1826-1830, Muhlenberg Co., KY; m.c. 1789, Franklin Co., NC to Elizabeth Bass [daughter of Jacob Bass, Sr.]; he d. 1826-1830, Muhlenberg Co., KY.

2. Josiah Wells, b. 1769, Franklin Co., NC; m. 31 Oct 1789, Franklin Co., NC to Fereby Bass [daughter of Jacob Bass, Sr.]; he d. 1821, Clarke Co.,AL.

3. Micajah Wells, b. 1 Jan 1772, Franklin Co., NC; m. c. 1790-1795, Franklin Co., NC to Anne Collins [b.c. 1768, Nash Co., NC; d. 1852, Muhlenberg Co., KY; daughter of Michael Collins, Sr.]; he d. 19 Oct 1851, Muhlenberg Co., KY; buried Micajah Wells Family Cemetery, Weir, Muhlenberg Co., KY.

4. Daughter Wells?, a girl listed with parents in 1790, but not 1800. Not named in father's 1812 will, so probably deceased by then with no heirs.

5. Daughter Wells?, a girl listed with parents in 1790, but not 1800. Not named in father's 1812 will, so probably deceased by then with no heirs.

6. Francis Wells, Jr., b. 1774, Franklin Co., NC; m.c. 1797, Franklin Co., NC to an unknown wife; he d. between 1830-1840, Muhlenberg Co., KY.

7. Wyatt Wells, b. 1777, Franklin Co., NC; m. 14 Aug 1803, Franklin Co., NC to Nancy Gains [b. 1785, NC; d. 1850-1860, Muhlenberg Co., KY]; he d. Feb 1860, Christian Co., KY.

8. Courtney Wells, b. 1781, Franklin Co., NC; m. 20 Feb 1813, Muhlenberg Co., KY to Julius Hill [b. 1794, NC; d. 1854-1860, Muhlenberg Co., KY]; she d. 3 May 1855, Greenville, Muhlenberg Co., KY."

Family links: 
  Elizabeth Lewis Wells (1750 - 1825)*
  John Wells (1765 - 1830)*
  Josiah Wells (1769 - 1821)*
  Micajah Wells (1772 - 1851)*
  Francis Wells (1774 - 1835)*
  Wyatt Samuel Wells (1777 - 1860)*
  Courtney Wells Hill (1781 - 1855)*
*Calculated relationship
Specifically: Died in Muhlenberg Co KY, may be buried in a Wells Fam cem.
Created by: LaDon Brennan
Record added: Nov 10, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 44173068

- Carolee McGill-Barker
 Added: Aug. 12, 2016
I am a direct descendant of Francis Wells.
- Kim McAfee
 Added: Jul. 28, 2016
I'm a descendant of Jacob Bass and also probably the Josiah Underwood mentioned here (Jacob's daughter Winifred married Samuel Dukes and came to Muhlenberg in the early 1800s.)Thanks for all this information! Let me know if I can ever help you with anyth...(Read more)
- JC Wilson
 Added: May. 1, 2016
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