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Capt Fountain S(idney?) "F.S." McKenzie
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Birth: 1820
Boone County
Missouri, USA
Death: Jul. 5, 1861
Jasper County
Missouri, USA

The Cole County Dragoons were organized in May, 1846, with M. M. PARSONS, captain; R. A. WELLS and Johnson WADE, lieutenants; G. W. BOLTON, cornetist, and fifty-three men. This company left en route for Fort Kearney, June 3, to serve under Col. KEARNEY, and in July G. P. Gordon's name appears as first lieutenant. On being mustered in, the geographical title was merged in that of Company F, First Missouri Mounted Mexican Volunteers, the roster of which (now in the State adjutant-general's office) gives many of the following names: M. M. PARSONS, captain; Richard A. WELLS, first lieutenant; George P. GORDON and George B. WINSTON, second lieutenants; Fountain S. MCKENZIE (afterward of the Clarke Township Southern Mounted Guards), William W. BOLTON, Robert A. RAPHAEL and Absalom HUGHES (now of Cedar City), sergeants; William ROGERS, James H. MCKENZIE, G. Burr GORDON and Thomas L. ANDERSON, corporals; John HENLEY, farrier; Nicholas SNIDER, bugler ...

[Transcribed from the Cole County section of the "History of Cole, Moniteau, Morgan, Benton, Miller, Maries, and Osage Counties, Missouri", Goodspeed Publishing Company (1889); to see the complete list of officers, click here.]

For more information about Fountain's friend, comrade-in-arms and business partner George B. Winston, click here.

Service records show he was mustered in on June 16, 1846 and honorably discharged on June 21, 1847.

From William Elsey Connelley, War with Mexico, 1846-1847: Doniphan's Expedition and the Conquest of New Mexico and California (1907)

[p. 553:]


"Captain M. M. Parsons' Company F, First Regiment Missouri Mounted Volunteers, Mexican War.

"Copy of Muster-In Roll dated June 20, 1846, shows company at Fort Leavenworth.

"This company comes from Jefferson City, Cole county, Missouri, distant from Fort Leavenworth, 190 miles."

[p. 649:]



" . . . Fountain McKenzie - 1st Sgt.

" . . . James H. McKenzie - Corp. . . . "

Soldiers' Records: War of 1812 - World War I

Rank: 1st Sergeant
Conflict: Mexican War
Name of Unit: 1st Regiment Missouri Mounted Volunteers
Alternate Unit Name:
Company: F
Note: or McMenzie
Record Group: Office of Adjutant General
Series Title: Record of Service Card, Mexican War, 1846-1847
Box: 56
Reel: s00910
Image: View Record

1850 United States Federal Census

Name: S S McKenzie
Age: 27
Estimated birth year: abt 1823
Birth Place: Missouri
Gender: Male
Home in 1850(City,County,State): Cole, Missouri
Family Number: 64
Household Members: Name Age
William Kinney 50
S S McKenzie 27
Moriah Kinney 45
(42 63 63 McKenzie F. S. 27 M . Merchant 1,000 MO)

(As far as I can make out, the above census was taken on August 9, 1850. Fountain was shown as a "merchant" and he was enumerated with an older "mulatto" couple surnamed "Kinney" who were originally from Virginia. Later that year, on November 4, 1850, Fountain - along with members of the Winston family - was enumerated again and this time was identified as a "miner". Obviously, then, he left Missouri to join the great California gold rush sometime between those two enumeration dates. Click here for more information about the trek west to California. Click here for information about the derivation of the name "Hangtown", aka "Placerville". T.N.)

1850 United States Federal Census

Name: Fountain S Mckinsey
Age: 28
Estimated birth year: abt 1822
Birth Place: Missouri
Gender: Male
Home in 1850 (City,County,State): Placerville and Vicinity, El Dorado, California
Family Number: 14
Household Members: Name Age
Fountain S Mckinsey 28
Philip Winston 25
Benjamin W Winston 21
Thomas L Anderson 30
A L Mc Warter 29
George Miller 22
Calvin Gunn 18
David 15
John 22

1850 United States Federal Census

Name: Mary Miller [could this possibly be Fountain's future wife? T.N.]
Age: 14
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1836
Birth Place: Virginia
Gender: Female
Home in 1850 (City,County,State): St Louis Ward 2, St Louis (Independent City), Missouri
Family Number: 1077
Household Members: Name Age
Geo Miller 26
Sarah Miller 21
Mary Miller 14

In the California general election of September 3, 1851, Fountain ran for office as an assemblyman in the 22nd district and won - as a Whig. Click here and scroll down to "AD-22".

Taken from: "Pioneer Days in California;
Historical and Personal Sketches" by John Carr. Eureka Publishing Co. Book and Job Printer 1891

New Years Eve party (18)'52 at my house (John CARR)

"There were present at that private party four ladies, now residents of Eureka namely: Mrs. Harietta EWING, Mrs. Thomas CARR, Mrs. A MONROE (then Miss ALBEE) and Mrs. John CARR."
"Some of the gentlemen who assembled that New Years night '53, to enjoy themselves under Black Dave's fiddling, have since become leading men of the nation. Amongst them were John P. JONES, Senator from the State of Nevada, then a young ruddy-faced boy; J. C. BURCH, afterwards a member of Congress; F. S. McKENZIE, one of the State [prison] directors of California, and afterwards an officer of the rebel army, killed while fighting Siegel in Missouri in '61; Ed ROWE, Deputy State Treasurer when J. Neely JOHNSON was governor of California; Will LOWE, afterwards Sheriff of the county and another Rebel Officer during our late unpleasentness. These were a few of the boys who partook of our hospitality and barley cakes at the first private party given in Trinity County."

Does the record below refer to Fountain? Unfortunately, the document itself is barely legible:

California State Census, 1852
Name: F S Mckinney
Race: White
Gender: Male
Birth Place: Missouri
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1821
Age: 31
Residence County: Santa Clara

Sometime after the California state prison in San Quentin opened in 1852, Fountain was appointed as its "director and warden". He later married his wife Mary Miller of St. Louis Mo. on March 1, 1856 in San Francisco and the couple eventually moved back to Missouri sometime before June 17, 1860 when they were enumerated for the 1860 census. T.N.

"Through the years there have naturally been many wardens in charge at San Quentin. The warden had quite a bit of autonomy and made many of the rules that governed the prison and the routine care of the prisoners. In later years, the direction was partly taken over by the Board of Prison Directors. But the Board's principal duties were to set the sentences that had been placed in the Indeterminate Sentence Class, and to grant paroles. The warden was primarily a custodian but was to plan and assign work for the inmates. Rehabilitation was not in the plan, but the concept of punishment was always in evidence. The warden controlled the employee personnel of the prison and had the right to hire and fire.

Wardens were appointed by the Governor, and a change in regime at Sacramento usually meant a new warden. The job was attractive and usually given by the Governor to a loyal supporter. Hale was succeeded by Martin Augirre, a man of Spanish-Mexican decent, who was appointed by Governor Gage. Augirre's regime was a turbulent one and he was noted for cruel disciplinary actions."

Author; William J. Duffy, Jr.

Fountain was still the director and warden of San Quentin in January of 1856. Click here.

1860 United States Federal Census

Name: F S McKenzie
Age in 1860: 40
Birth Year: abt 1820
Birthplace: Missouri
Home in 1860: Clark, Cole, Missouri
Gender: Male
Post Office: Jefferson City
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members: Name Age
Mary McKenzie 22 [this should be Fountain's wife. T.N.]
Steeley 32 ["occupation - physician"]
Sarah McKenzie 14
John McKenzie 82
Agnes McKenzie 72
F S McKenzie 40 ["occupation - farmer"]

According to the Familysearch website, in 1856 one "Fountain S. McKenzie" was married to a Mary A. Miller in San Francisco, Ca. We know that in 1850, Fountain "emigrated" to California as part of the great California gold rush. His partner at the time was a Cole County doctor named G.B.Winston (see first entry above) and note that he was living with two "Winstons" when he was enumerated (for a second time) in California. And right next door, in the doctor's office/home, we presume, was Dr. George B. Winston when the 1850 census was taken. T.N.

In 1861, Fountain was killed at the Battle of Carthage Missouri. The disposition of his remains is unknown at the time of this writing. (2009)

Cole County, Missouri Obituaries, 1871-99

Name: Capt. McKenzie
Death Date: 5 Jul 1861
Issue Date: 19 Oct 1879
Source Information:
Weant, Kenneth, ed.. Cole County, Missouri Obituaries, 1871-99 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 1999.
Original data: Weant, Kenneth E.. Cole County, Missouri. Vol. 2.
Collection of obituaries from the Jefferson City Daily Tribune between 1871 and 1899

Also known as DRY FORK
JULY 5TH, 1861

Carthage, Mo., July 5, 1861. Missouri State Troops. All the men engaged in this fight, on both sides, were Missourians. The Union forces commanded by Gen. Franz Sigel,consisted of 550 men of the 3rd regiment, 400 of the 5th, and two batteries of 4 guns each, numbering in all about 1,500 men. Opposed to this force were about 4,000 infantry and cavalry and two batteries under the command of Gov. Jackson.
On the evening of the 4th Sigel encamped on Spring river southeast of Carthage. The next morning he resumed his march and about halfway between Dry Fork creek and Carthage he found the enemy drawn up in line of battle-probably 3,500 men-with a strong reserve in the rear. The Union advance was soonv engaged and Sigel disposed his forces as follows: Two companies of the 3rd regiment and 2 pieces of artillery were sent to the assistance of the advance guard, one company of the same regiment and a piece of artillery were left to guard the train; the 2nd battalion of the 3rd was placed on the left; next to this were 4 pieces of artillery, the 5th regiment, in two battalions, in the center, then the remaining three guns, and on the right the 1st battalion of the 3rd regiment. When his line was thus formed the entire body was advanced a few hundred yards, when the whole seven pieces of artillery opened on the Confederate center. Under this direct attack the enemy's lines began to waver, but before Sigel could press his advantage he discovered that two detachments of mounted troops were making efforts to gain both his right and left flanks, which caused him to change his tactics and assume the defensive in order to save his train. Part of the troops were therefore ordered behind Dry Fork creek while two battalions and the 4 guns of Wilkin's battery were hurried to the defense of the stain. At Dry Fork Essig's battery took a position behind the ford, where, assisted by one company of the 5th and two companies of the 3rd regiment, he held the enemy in check for two hours and inflicted severe losses. This enabled Sigel to reach Carthage, where he sent the train safely out of the way of capture and took a position on the heights north of the town. Sending detachments to keep open his communication with Springfield and Mount Vernon, Sigel now took possession of the town long enough to give his troops a brief rest, after which he commenced his retreat toward Sarcoxie, under protection of the artillery, pausing now and then long enough to fire a few shots at the advancing enemy.
The Confederates soon tired of the sport and withdrew the
pursuit. The Union loss for the day was 13 killed and 31
wounded. The Confederates reported a loss of 40 or 50 killed and 120 wounded, but it was probably greater. This engagement brought Sigel into notice as a master in conducting a running fight against almost overwhelming odds.

Source: The Union Army, vol. 5

Title List of Cole county emigrants to California in 1850, Capt. Thomas Miller's company and the Dr. G. B. Winston and F. S. McKenzie company.
Subject Cole County - California Gold Rush Companies
Description Jefferson City Inquirer. April 13, 1850, Page 2, Column 5; April 20, 1850, Page 3, Column 3.

Please Note This newspaper article is not available online. To purchase this article please enter the title, subject, description, and Access URL information into the order form. For further information about obtaining a copy of the article or viewing the newspaper, contact the Newspaper Library at The State Historical Society of Missouri
Note URL

Missouri Supreme Court Historical Database

Year of Filing 1858
Term of Court
Name McKenzie, Fountain S. - Appellant
Miller, Philip T. - Appellant
Taylor, Peter - Respondent
Winston, George B. - Appellant
Winston, T. M. - Appellant
County Miller
Cause of Action / Subject Detainer (Unlawful Detainer)
Case Summary Winston et. al. brought California court judgment for horses & mules lost while on Taylor's ranch; Taylor tried to avoid liability by retiring from ranch company.
Location Box 233, Folder 13

The entire 116 page decision may be viewed here
Family links: 
  John Bennett McKenzie (1777 - 1868)
  Agnes Gibson McKenzie (1787 - 1867)
  Nelson Gibson McKenzie (1810 - 1856)*
  Sarah McKenzie Wood (1811 - 1882)*
  Isaphena Go Dancy McKenzie Witten (1814 - 1897)*
  Mary Ann McKenzie Clark (1816 - ____)*
  Catherine McKenzie Davis (1817 - ____)*
  Malinda McKenzie Martin - Wray (1820 - ____)*
  Fountain S(idney?) McKenzie (1820 - 1861)
  Daniel McKenzie (1824 - ____)*
  James Bennett McKenzie (1827 - 1873)*
  Lucy Ann McKenzie Miller (1830 - 1892)*
*Calculated relationship
Note: The cenotaph pictured above is a Veterans' Administration memorial rather than a gravestone. It was placed in Riverview Cemetery in Jefferson City, Mo. with the cooperation of the Sons of Confederate Veterans organization.
Plot: Probably in a mass Confederate grave near Carthage, Missouri or in a family plot near Hickory Hill, Missouri.
Created by: Tom Nelson
Record added: May 27, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 37573051
Capt Fountain S(idney?) F.S. McKenzie
Added by: Rebecca Poertner
Capt Fountain S(idney?) F.S. McKenzie
Added by: Rebecca Poertner
Capt Fountain S(idney?) F.S. McKenzie
Added by: Tom Nelson
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- Rebecca
 Added: Jun. 12, 2009

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