Aug. 3, 1900 Paducah McCracken County Kentucky, USA
Oct. 21, 1970 Shreveport Caddo Parish Louisiana, USA
He was a sports coach and substitute schoolteacher at Rhea County High School, Tennessee, who was charged with having broke Tennessee state law by teaching Darwin's theory of evolution in a high school biology class. This culminated in the famous 'Monkey Trial' of 1925, in which William Jennings Bryan was one of the assistant prosecutors. The prosecution team was led by Thomas A. Stewart. There were many lawyers defending Scopes including Clarence Darrow, John Neal, Arthur Garfield Hays, Dudley Field Malone to name a few. At appeal the case was overturned. Scopes could have been tried all over again, on exactly the same charge, had the prosecution not taken the Tennessee Supreme Court's advice to enter a nolle prosequi (means "we could start proceedings, but we don't want to").