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Ephraim Cutler Dawes
Birth: May 27, 1840
Death: Apr. 23, 1895

Ohio businessman, Civil War soldier and military historian.

Ephraim Cutler Dawes, born near Marietta, Ohio, on May 27, 1840, was the youngest of the six children of Henry and Sarah Cutler Dawes: Henry, who died in 1860, Rufus, who fought in the Battle of Gettysburg with the Wisconsin 6th Volunteer Infantry, and his three sisters, Jane, Kate and Lucy, to whom he wrote regularly during his Civil War service. His ancestors were prominent in Ohio history, as his great-grandfather, Manasseh Cutler, was one of the organizers of the Ohio Company, and his uncle, William P. Cutler, was a Member of Congress. First a student at the State University of Wisconsin, Dawes graduated from Marietta College in 1861, and soon enlisted in the 53rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry as First Lieutenant and Adjutant. Dawes served for three years and one month, from September 26, 1861 to October 25, 1864.

The Ohio 53rd took part of some of the fiercest battles of the Civil War, a few of which were the battle of Shiloh, the siege of Corinth, Mississippi, and battles of Resaca and Atlanta. In January 1863, Dawes was promoted over the Captains of the line to be Major of his regiment. With this rank he served in the campaign under General Grant, which ended in the siege and capture of Vicksburg, Mississippi. He next took part in General Sherman's advance against Jackson, Mississippi, and by early 1864 his regiment was with Sherman's army in the advance against Atlanta, engaging in the battles at Resaca and Dallas, Georgia. It was during the action at Dallas that Dawes was severely wounded. The lower part of his jaw was shot off, and for months he remained disfigured, in terrible pain and unable to talk. Luckily, a Cincinnati surgeon, Dr. George C. Blackman, was able to reconstruct his jaw with a lower lip and teeth, and eventually Dawes recovered, living another thirty years.

Dawes was honorably discharged from the military in October 1864, and the following year he was brevetted Lieutenant Colonel. After his discharge, Dawes began his business career working for the Cincinnati railroad companies, and by 1867 he was engaged in extensive railroad construction and operation in Illinois, Indiana and Missouri. The economic panic of 1873 sent him into bankruptcy, but Dawes started again, dealing in railroad supplies such as pig iron and oils, and working to develop the coal fields of Southern Illinois. He was able to establish a large and growing trade in St. Louis and Chicago and became president of the St. Louis and Big Muddy Coal Company, one of the largest mining companies in Illinois.

Notwithstanding his close attention to business, Dawes always found time for research, writing, publishing and even speaking on Civil War topics. He was intensely interested in everything connected with the war, and devoted the rest of his life to obtaining all the publications of historical or illustrative value that he could find on the subject. He accumulated a large and important collection of manuscripts, books, and pamphlets, making sure his collection would reflect both Union and Confederate points of view. Dawes was a member of numerous historical and literary societies and also published and sometimes spoke on other historical subjects.

In 1866, Ephraim Dawes married Frances Bosworth and they settled in Cincinnati. They had no children. Dawes died in 1895.

 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Henry Dawes (1804 - 1867)
  Sarah Cutler Dawes (1809 - 1896)
 
 Spouse:
  Martha Frances Bosworth Dawes (1840 - 1925)
 
 Siblings:
  Henry Manasseh Dawes (1832 - 1860)*
  Lucy Dawes (1833 - 1898)*
  Rufus R. Dawes (1838 - 1899)*
  Ephraim Cutler Dawes (1840 - 1895)
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Oak Grove Cemetery
Marietta
Washington County
Ohio, USA
Plot: Section 4
 
Created by: Grave Yard Ghost
Record added: Nov 02, 2008
Find A Grave Memorial# 31064318
Ephraim Cutler Dawes
Added by: LaDene
 
Ephraim Cutler Dawes
Added by: Grave Yard Ghost
 
Ephraim Cutler Dawes
Added by: Grave Yard Ghost
 
 
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