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 • London Borough of Islington
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Daniel Defoe
Birth: 1661
London
Greater London, England
Death: Apr. 24, 1731
London
Greater London, England

Author. He attended Morton's Academy, a school for Dissenters at Newington Green with the intention of becoming a minister, but he changed his mind and became a hosiery merchant instead. In 1688 Defoe took part in the Monmouth Rebellion and joined William III and his advancing army. Defoe became popular after the publication of his poem, "The True Born Englishman" (1701). The publication of Defoe's "The Shortest Way with the Dissenters" (1702) upset a large number of powerful people. In the pamphlet, Defoe, a Dissenter, ironically demanded the savage suppression of dissent. The pamphlet was judged to be critical of the Anglican Church and Defoe was fined, put in the Charing Cross Pillory and then sent to Newgate Prison. In 1703 Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford, employed Defoe as a spy. With the support of the government, Defoe started the newspaper, "The Review." Published between 1704 and 1713, the newspaper appeared three times a week. As well as carrying commercial advertising "The Review" reported on political and social issues. Defoe also wrote several pamphlets for Harley attacking the political opposition. The Whigs took Defoe court and this resulted in him serving another prison sentence. In 1719 he turned to writing fiction. His novels include: "Robinson Crusoe" (1719), "Captain Singleton" (1720), "Journal of the Plague Year" (1722), "Captain Jack" (1722), "Moll Flanders" (1722) and "Roxanda" (1724). He also wrote a three volume travel book "Tour Through the Whole Island of Great Britain" (1724-27). Other non-fiction books include "The Complete English Tradesman" (1726) and "London the Most Flourishing City in the Universe" (1728). Defoe published over 560 books and pamphlets and is considered to be the founder of British journalism. (bio by: Jelena) 
 
Family links: 
 Spouse:
  Mary Tuffley Defoe (1663 - 1732)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Bunhill Fields Burial Ground
London Borough of Islington
Greater London, England
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Find A Grave
Record added: Jan 01, 2001
Find A Grave Memorial# 270
Daniel Defoe
Added by: Bobb Edwards
 
Daniel Defoe
Added by: julia&keld
 
Daniel Defoe
Added by: Derek Adams
 
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Robinson Crusoe is a great book - thank you!
- KIKI
 Added: Jul. 29, 2014

- Merrileem
 Added: Apr. 24, 2014

- elaine bailey
 Added: Apr. 24, 2014
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Current ranking for this person: (4.5 after 75 votes)
 

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