|Birth: ||Apr. 22, 1904|
|Death: ||Feb. 18, 1967|
Nuclear Physicist. Known as the "Father of the Atomic Bomb". Born in New York City, the son of German immigrants and textile importers, Oppenheimer attended Harvard University, where he excelled in languages, Eastern philosophy, physics and chemistry. In 1925, he studied energy and sub-atomic particles at Cavendish Laboratory, England, and a year later, at Gottingen University, he and Max Born developed their classical molecular quantum theory. Returning to the US, Oppenheimer taught theoretical physics at California Institute of Technology and the University of California, Berkley, from 1929 to 1942. During the 1930s, he sided with the Communists and the Spanish republican forces against Germany and Fascist Spain during the Spanish Civil War, but withdrew all affiliations with the Communist Party over mistreatment of Russian scientists by Stalin. In 1939, he joined with Albert Einstein to alert the US Government of the dangers of nuclear energy in the hands of Nazi Germany, and in 1942, he joined Project Manhattan, the US effort to develop the Atomic Bomb. Oppenheimer soon led the scientific end of the project, where his leadership gained him the international reputation as the "Father of the Atomic Bomb." Shocked over the massive destruction the Atomic Bomb caused over Japan, he resigned his position two months later. During the postwar period, he became a government and UN Advisor on nuclear power, proposing international regulation to ensure its peaceful use. He opposed the development of the hydrogen bomb, and pursued peaceful uses of atomic power. As director of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, from 1947 to 1966, he pursued research in quantum and relativistic physics. In 1953, he was defamed as pro-Communist during the McCarthy Witchhunt Era, and while a security hearing cleared him, he was prohibited from access to military secret information. In 1963, President Lyndon Johnson presented him with the Atomic Energy Commission's prestigious Enrico Fermi Award for his contributions to nuclear science. Oppenheimer retired in 1966, and died of throat cancer the following year. (bio by: Kit and Morgan Benson)
Katherine Puening Harrison Oppenheimer (1910 - 1972)*
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Cremated, Ashes scattered at sea.
Specifically: Ashes Scattered off the Virgin Islands
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Jan 01, 2001
Find A Grave Memorial# 2216
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