Journalist. Born in Dana, Indiana, he attended Indiana University but never graduated. Originally a reporter, copy editor, and aviation editor, in 1932 he began to write a daily column on trips to various sections of the country as a roving reporter for the Scripps-Howard newspaper chain. During World War II he followed along while reporting with front-line troops, first in Europe, then the Pacific Theater, winning a Pulitzer Prize for reporting in 1944. His columns eventually appeared in 200 newspapers. In 1945, while covered the battle for Okinawa, he decided to accompany the troops during the invasion of the small nearby island of Shima. While in a jeep with four others, they encountered fire from a Japanese machine-gunner. While taking cover in a nearby ditch, Ernie Pyle peered over the edge. A bullet struck him in the temple resulting in instant death. The soldiers of the 77th Infantry Division made a wooden coffin for him and buried him wearing his helmet. Later he was reburied at the Army cemetery on Okinawa and finally moved to the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific, Punchbowl Crater located in Honolulu. A wooden cross on Shima was replaced by a permanent stone monument. Its inscription reads: "At this spot the 77th Infantry Division lost a buddy Ernie Pyle 18 April 1945."