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John Benjamin Garrard
Birth: Jan. 14, 1834
Norfolk, England
Death: Oct. 30, 1911
Lake Point
Tooele County
Utah, USA

John Benjamin Garrard History: by Norman Lee Garrard

On January 14, 1834 John Benjamin Garrard was born in the ancient market town of Diss in Norfolkshire, England to Timothy Garrard III and Susannah Evered Quantrille. He was the third child, the others being two older sisters; Sarah and Caroline Eliza, and two younger brothers; William, and Timothy Barzilla Garrard IV.

The Garrard family lived in the area of Diss. John's great-grandfather was Timothy Barzilla Garrard I who married Nary Newsom in the little settlement of Royden England, located just west of Diss. They raised a large family in the small village of Palgrave on the other side of the River Waveny from Diss. Not being satisfied with the Church of England they joined the Presbyterian Church and were termed dissenters or non-conformist as they broke with the state church. Their third son, John's Grandfather was named Timothy Barzilla Garrard II and he married Maria Gooch of Palgrave.

John's father Timothy Barzilla Garrard III was the third son of this marriage and they belong to the Church of England. John's grandfather, Timothy Barzilla Garrard II was an innkeeper and he operated an inn which was located by a beautiful park called the Fair Green. His grandfather John Quantrille lived next door to John and he was a weaver. The family lived on Cock Street.

Just before John was to turn six years old his father died of consumption. With a family to support Susannah went to work as a chore woman and later took in laundry. As the Children grew older and were able to work they each helped out, often not in the most pleasant jobs.

Caroline went to live with her grandfather and help in the work at the inn. Timothy Barzilla IV became apprenticed as a brush maker, Sarah worked as a servant and dressmaker, and John earned money as an errand boy and Stable hand. It was difficult for William to work as he was crippled from a broken leg, but he helped his grandfather Quantrille weaving.

The family was not poor but it was a struggle to make a living. Even though she worked hard, Susannah also known as Susan saw that all of her children learned to read and write. This was an enormous accomplishment for the family as many of the people at that time were illiterate.

In 1850 Caroline Eliza Garrard went to London to live. It was here that she married George Kerrison, a coach maker. While in London she heard the LDS Gospel and was baptized, year later George also joined the LDS Church. They brought the message of the LDS Gospel to the family in Diss, who accepted it.

John and his family were taught by the LDS missionaries that they should "flee unto Zion" as soon as arrangement could be made. It was not difficult to leave England. Being a Mormon made them subject to taunts, being pelted with rocks, and having their home damaged. Going to Zion also meant an opportunity to make a better life instead of struggling for a meager existence in England.

Plans were made to sail with other LDS saints on a chartered ship.

They went to London for a short time and stayed with Caroline and George Kerrison where they became members of the Finsbury Branch of the London LDS Church. They watched in the Millennial Star newspaper about the announcement of Mormon Church Chartered ships. They also forwarded their applications to Liverpool which included their names, ages, occupations, and nativity.

They were accepted and became part of what was called a "Ten Pound Company" in that they had to pay ten English Pounds for each of them to travel to the Utah Valley. Word came to them in January 1853 that they were to sail on the ship "International" in February. On the trip they had to provide their own bedding, cooking utensils, and other basic articles.

Information about the Trip to America on the International along with ship manifest listing the Garrard's can be found here;

http://mormonmigration.lib.byu.edu/Search/showDetails/db:MM_MII/t:voyage/id:180/keywords:international%23.URfqE2jn87v#.URfq0Wjn87s

On February 28, 1853 the Garrard family boarded the Sailing Ship "International" which was scheduled to take 477 LDS Saints to New Orleans. The traveling family consisted of Susannah (Susan) Evered Quantrille Garrard, age 54, Timothy Barzilla Garrard, age 14, John Benjamin Garrard, 19, William Joseph Garrard, age 17, Sarah Susannah Garrard, age 21 and her sons out of wedlock: Walter age 6 month and Horace Garrard age 2 years. Also on the Ship was Caroline Eliza Garrard Kerrison, 25 and her husband George Kerrison, age 27.

A tug boat pulled the International out of the harbor in Liverpool and into the Irish Sea. This was the last that the family ever saw of England, except for William who would return as an old man (that trip is listed below).

The journey on the ocean was a combination of many new experiences. They had to live in cramped quarters. Fast and Testimony meetings were held. Twice violent storms came upon one of them was such that the Captain (Captain John Brown) said that if they had been anything but a shipload of Saints that they would be at the bottom of the ocean. They held a meeting because of the violence of one storm, and while they were fasting and praying the storm stopped.

Towards the end of April the ship sailed into the Gulf of Mexico and to Louisiana. Upon reaching land small tug boats came and pulled the ship over the sand bars up the Mississippi River to New Orleans. The Elder in charge of the Saints on board recorded in his journal that, "Never since the days of old Captain Noah had a more righteous group of Saints ever sailed upon the water to escape Babylon."

The example of the Garrard family, along with the other Saints, was such that during the journey 48 crew members and non-Mormon persons were baptized which included Captain Brown.

On April 23, 1853 they stepped off the ship and entered New Orleans.

After a few days in colorful New Orleans they boarded a steamboat with the other Saints and went up the Mississippi to a pioneer camp at Keokuk, Iowa, a short way away from Nauvoo.

On June 3 1853 they started in Jacob Gates Company which consisted of 262 persons, 33 wagons, 147 oxen, 47 cows, 2 mares, 1 bull, 3 lambs and five dogs. They loaded their wagon with provisions and with a few mementoes from England which included books.

About a month after their trek started they reached the Missouri River and it took almost a week to get the whole company across. At times they had to throw away bedding and boxes to lighten the load. Many times they went thirsty as there was no water. One time they had to buy their way past the Indians with Flour and a few horses.

On September 26, 1853 they arrived in Salt Lake City. The only ones of the family that died during the journey were Walter and Horace Garrard, Sarah's two sons.

They camped at Pioneer Square and sold their teams at an auction. Two weeks later they were sent on to North Ogden to build up the settlement there.

After arriving in North Ogden, their mother, Susannah decided to marry a man by the man of John Riddle from Tennessee. Susannah had remained a widow since her husband's death. John Riddle was a polygamist. They went to Salt Lake City where they were sealed for time and eternity in President Brigham Young's office. Also it was at this time that Susannah Garrard had her patriarchal blessing and she was told that her lineage was from Judah.

The next month after Susannah's marriage to John Riddle, Sarah also married into polygamy to a man named Isaiah Campbell. They were sealed in Isaiah's home in North Ogden by President Young.

Times were very trying for John and his family. In the summer came the flying grasshoppers, coming in countless numbers destroying the crops. They drove them like herds of sheep into the ditches and caught them in sacks which they then tossed into a fire.

Also the summer of 1854 John and his brothers went to Salt Lake City where they each had a patriarchal blessing under the hands of C.W. Hyde. The Patriarch sealed John up unto eternal life. Later that same year John had another Patriarchal blessing under the hands of Isaac Morley in North Ogden.

Indians were a constant menace. They camped in groups of three to ten wigwams up and down the water courses in North Ogden where there was forage for their horses. They were persistent beggars and the squaws kept going from place to place trying to get food. The Indian men pilfered anything they wanted.

Many of the settlers met often in house parties and self-made amusement at the school house. It was at such a gathering that John met his first wife, Susan (Susannah Virginia Dees McGinnis) a beautiful young woman with olive skin and brown eyes and long black hair. She was from Brigham City and her family was related to the Campbell family who were early settlers of North Ogden.

John and Susan were anxious to be married but her father and step-mother refused to give permission. So in the fall of 1856 John went to Brigham City and got Susan to elope. Off they went as fast they could back to North Ogden, both of them on the same horse. Later realizing what had happened, Susan's father took out after them. When John and Susan arrived in North Ogden a big bonfire was made. The Garrard family stood around it with John and Susan while the presiding Elder married them. Susan was shaking with excitement and fright as she feared her father would arrive before the ceremony was over. When Susan's father did arrive it was too late, so he decided to just give them his blessing.

The next fall John's first son was born to him and Susan, his name was John Benjamin Garrard Jr. Their happiness was disturbed by the thoughts of the U.S. Government troops being held off in Wyoming by the church militia. John's brother Timothy and his brother-in-law George Kerrison were active in keeping the troops out of Utah.

In May of 1858 John and Susan had packed their belongings and headed south with the rest of the Saints to escape the approaching armies that the government had sent to put down a so called Mormon Rebellion, (known as the Utah War of 1858) some of the brethren were left in North Ogden to destroy the settlement there as the Saints had decided to leave Utah a barren waste if they were forced to leave by the invasion of troops.

To add to their sorrow during the trip south they saw the heartache John's sister Sarah was going through. Her husbands' first wife Phoebe was jealous of Sarah as she had no children. This jealousy turned to hate and she turned Isaiah against Sarah. As they headed south Isaiah and Phoebe rode in the wagon with Franklin, Sarah and Isaiah's oldest son, and Sarah was forced to walk, carrying her new baby. John took Sarah into his wagon.

The settlers in North Ogden stayed in the area around Payson. Soon news reached them that it was safe to return so they hastily returned to North Ogden, anxious to work on the crops. In 1859 another son was born to John and Sarah and they named him William McGinnis

Upon hearing about Gold in California, John and Susan went with George and Caroline to California in the spring of 1860. While crossing Nevada, Caroline gave birth to a son and he was named William Walter Kerrison. It is thought that they came to Sacramento and eventually the San Francisco area. However the next year John and Susan came back to Utah. On the return trip Susan gave birth to their first daughter who died a few days later. They named her Ruby. Ruby after the mountains in Nevada close by where she was born and shortly afterwards where she was buried.

After returning to Utah they eventually moved to Ogden Valley, in the northern part. John went into partnership with John Garret and built a mill on Spring Creek. It is now called Garrett's Mill and is a historical site in Utah. His brother Timothy came up to the valley also with his wife Lucinda. Lucinda was the daughter of John Riddle. By this time two more children were born, Susan and Levi.

During the winter of 1865-66 Susan became so ill that she had to be taken by sled over the North Ogden pass from Eden to North Ogden. She had Levi with her but she became so ill that she could not hold him, so Levi was buried in the snow with a small hole for air and then Susan was rushed to North Ogden. When Solomon Campbell, who had pulled the sleigh by hand, came back, he found Levi safe, even though there were animal's tracks nearby.

Because of declining health, Susan had Mary Lovina Campbell of North Ogden come to help her. Mary's parents, Solomon and Lovina Campbell were in the same company as Susan's when they crossed the plains. Susan's uncles had married sisters of both Solomon and Lovina. Mary Lovina was the great help to Susan and she admired her so much that she made Mary Lovina promise to become John's wife after her death. In the fall of 1867 Susan died of consumption. Susan had been a faithful member of the church since her conversion as a small girl in Kentucky.

On November 4, 1867 John and Mary Lovina were married in North Ogden. During her whole life Mary Lovina kept her promise she had made to Susan and she was a devoted wife to John and was dearly loved by Susan's children. Mary was a hard worker and she made butter and sold butter, eggs and milk. It is thought that during this time John was called to go back and help immigrants cross the plains.

In December of the 1872 John took a plural wife...plural marriage was part of the LDS teaching at that time.

His new wife was the younger sister of his wife Mary Lovina. Her name was Charlotte Henrietta and she was noted for her attractiveness. John took Mary Lovina and Charlotte Henrietta to Salt Lake City to the LDS Endowment House where all of them were endowed and sealed.

The records do not show that John had Susan sealed in him by proxy at that time, but was completed after his death by the LDS church.

John felt uneasy about the age gap between him and his wives as it is on record that he told the recorder at the Endowment House he was born in 1838 instead of 1834.

Winters were hard and difficult in Ogden Valley. With a large and increasing family John decided he could support them all much better in North Ogden. So he built a home for each wife in North Ogden. They were log homes basically consisting of one room and a lean-to. The homes were next to each other and separated by a fence. The walls inside each house were white washed and all the furniture was homemade. The beds had straw ticks and the seats on the chairs made of leather straps. A fireplace in each house was used for both cooking and heating.

During the years Mary Lovina became the mother of nine children of her own and the four children from Susan.

Charlotte Henrietta became the mother of eight. It was hard to raise a large family and all of the children had to help with the work. In the summer John would go to Park Valley in search of work.

John enjoyed reading and it is said that he could read a novel in one evening. He took the time to teach his family and others to read and write. In the evenings he would read from the Bible and the Book of Mormon to his families. The meals were always blessed. Besides being a good reader he could also tell stories that were very elaborate. He would tease the family by pretending to be reading to them from a book, the whole time making up the story as he went.

One of his closest friends was his father-in-law, Solomon Campbell. Together they had long talks on religion. Solomon was affiliated with the Josephite group and they had talks about their differing views.

In 1887 John's mother died in Pleasant View at the home of her son William. After her divorce from John Riddle she assumed back the name of Garrard and considered herself a widow. She spent the rest of her life living with William and his wife Mary Ann. The last few years of her life she was an invalid and when her grandchildren came she would have them sit on her bed. She was loved by her grandchildren and died a member of the LDS church.

In the 1880's when John was trying hard to support his families the federal marshals were after him for practicing plural marriage. A warrant charging him with adultery was issued by the courts and he had to go into hiding in the mountains above North Ogden. When the federal marshals came to the house the children were instructed to say nothing and not reveal where John was hiding. John went to the federal courts on his own and divorced Charlotte at this time. He also petitioned the LDS Church to give him a Divorce as well.

John had heard that farming was much better in Lake Point so he took Mary and her children and moved them in about 1893. About three years later Charlotte came with her children and left them with Mary. Charlotte then left with a man named Maxwell and went to Carson City without her Children because Maxwell did not like children. Mary then raised all the children.

Charlotte was Dis-fellowshiped from the LDS church for committing adultery and for the abandonment of her children. It was not until after John divorced her in the State of Utah and the church recognized that divorce and release the sealing that Charlotte was allowed to return to the active roles in the church.

After moving to Lake Point John became more active in the church and was also on the trustees for the school, a position he held right to the time of his death.

John enjoyed the companionship of his sister Sarah. After Isaiah had been dis-fellowshiped from the church she had her sealing canceled to him. She later married Greenleaf Blodgett. Licensed by the State of Utah she practiced midwifery and delivered most of John's children. Always active in the church, she was most thoughtful of others. She was able to quote many verses from the Bible and could quote a proverb at the appropriate times.

William Joseph and his wife Mary Ann never had any children but raised a niece from Mary Ann's side of the family because her parents had died. William became interested in the black arts, and it was said that he had a seer stone that he looked into, and that he was able to locate lost or stolen articles. A few years before he died William went back to England to sell the property the family left there. When he returned to the United States he claimed he was penniless so he sent word from New York to John in Utah requesting that he send William money to return from New York back to Utah. John sent him $50 dollars, for travel money. When he returned he said there was no money from England, however he never worked again, always had money and built a big house in Ogden, Utah. William then sold his house in Ogden, for the sum of 12,500 and moved to Claresholm, Alberta, Canada, where he died in 1929. His estate was said to be over $275,000 at his death.

John divorced Charlotte in the State of Utah, but it took until February 1, 1908 for the LDS church finally to allowed John to have his sealing to Charlotte cancelled. It had been devastating to John that Charlotte had taken up with Charles Maxwell and did not want her children he never got over it. A few weeks after the cancellation of the marriage, Charlotte was sealed to Charles Maxwell in the Salt Lake Temple.

During his last few years John was in poor health and was ill with dropsy and arthritis. He believed in the LDS Gospel and of the eternal life that was promised to those who had lived righteously. From the time of his father's death when just a child, to the time of his death he had always been hard working supporting those who needed and depended on him. It was said that he never turned away a stranger wanting a meal or a place to stay. He met the challenges of life and assisted in building Zion out of a wilderness, while being the husband of three wives' and the father of twenty-two children.

His body was taken to his sister Sarah's home in North Ogden where it was viewed and the funeral services were held in the North Ogden Ward. On November 2, 1911 he was buried in the Ben Lomond Cemetery in North Ogden.

John and Susannah had four children, John Benjamin Girrard Jr., William Garrard, Levi Garrard, and Susan Garrard.

His son, John Benjamin Garrard Jr. had a falling out with his father and decided to change the spelling of his last name to Girrard instead of Garrard. He never changed it back and raised all his children with the spelling of Girrard instead of the original spelling of Garrard.

John and Mary had 9 children: Ben, Joseph, Lovina, Sam, Jerusha, Ivie, Nellie, Sarah and Nettie.

John and Charlotte had 8 children: Lorenzo, David, Cyrus, James, Hattie, Lola, Richard,and Mamie.



 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Timothy Barzallai Garrard (1794 - 1839)
  Susannah Evered Quantrille Riddle (1799 - 1887)
 
 Spouses:
  Susannah Virginia McGinnis Garrard (1836 - 1867)*
  Mary Lovina Campbell Garrard (1851 - 1927)*
  Charlotte Henrietta Campbell Garrard (1853 - 1914)*
 
 Children:
  John Benjamin Girrard (1857 - 1943)*
  William McGinnis Garrard (1859 - 1929)*
  Ruby Garrard (1861 - 1861)*
  Susan Evered Garrard Yates (1863 - 1946)*
  Levi Timothy Garrard (1865 - 1914)*
  Soloman Benona Garrard (1868 - 1958)*
  Joseph Hyrum Garrard (1870 - 1941)*
  Mary Lovina Garrard Rumble (1872 - 1954)*
  Lorenzo Leonard Garrard (1873 - 1947)*
  David Warren Garrard (1875 - 1946)*
  Jerusha Ann Garrard Hammond (1875 - 1943)*
  Samuel Elisha Garrard (1877 - 1952)*
  Cyrus Heber Garrard (1877 - 1933)*
  James Henry Garrard (1879 - 1915)*
  Iva Priscilla Garrard Yates (1879 - 1979)*
  Hattie Pearl Garrard Peterson (1881 - 1902)*
  Nellie Meranda Garrard Yates (1882 - 1979)*
  Lola Garrard Jackson (1883 - 1972)*
  Sarah Elizabeth Garrard Davies (1885 - 1981)*
  Richard Mosiah Garrard (1886 - 1973)*
  Mamie Amanda Garrard Maxwell Whitaker (1887 - 1969)*
  Charlotte Annette "Nettie" Garrard Davis (1890 - 1978)*
 
 Siblings:
  Caroline Eliza Garrard Kerrison (1827 - 1908)*
  Timothy Barzallai Garrard (1829 - 1898)*
  Sarah Susannah Garrard Blodgett (1832 - 1914)**
  John Benjamin Garrard (1834 - 1911)
  William Joseph Garrard (1836 - 1918)**
 
*Calculated relationship
**Half-sibling
 
Burial:
Ben Lomond Cemetery
North Ogden
Weber County
Utah, USA
 
Created by: Norman Garrard
Record added: Jun 11, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial# 19838967
John Benjamin Garrard
Added by: Norman Garrard
 
John Benjamin Garrard
Added by: Norman Garrard
 
John Benjamin Garrard
Added by: Jason O'Driscoll
 
 
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This is my Great Great Grandfather. My Grandmothers Grandfather. Such a distinguished looking man.
- Amy Griffith
 Added: Jul. 17, 2013
 
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