Begin New Search
Refine Last Search
Cemetery Lookup
Add Burial Records
Help with Find A Grave

Find all James IIs in:
 • Eglise Paroissiale
 • Saint-Germain-en-Laye
 • Departement des Yvelines
 • Île-de-France
 • Find A Grave

Top Contributors
Success Stories
Community Forums
Find A Grave Store

Log In
James II
Birth: Oct. 14, 1633
St James
City of Westminster
Greater London, England
Death: Sep. 6, 1701
Departement des Yvelines
Île-de-France, France

British Monarch. Born the second surviving son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria at St. James's Palace. He was created Duke of York in 1644. During the English Civil War he stayed in Oxford, a Royalist stronghold. When the city surrendered in 1646, the Duke was confined in St James's Palace by parliamentary command. In 1648, he escaped and went to the Netherlands in disguise. In 1660, his elder brother, Charles II was restored to the English throne, the Duke of York returned to England with him. He married Anne Hyde, daughter of the Earl of Clarendon with whom he had eight children, all but two of which would die before their fifth year. Anne died in March 1671. James was converted to Roman Catholicism sometime about 1668. In 1673 he married the staunchly Catholic Mary of Modena and he became increasingly unpopular in England. Efforts were made to exclude James from the succession. Charles stood by his brother, however, preventing passage of the Exclusion Bill. Charles died without legitimate heirs in 1685, and James succeeded him. He immediately faced an uprising led by his illegitimate nephew, the Duke of Monmouth, which was harshly put down. The severe reprisals of the Bloody Assizes increased the animosity toward James. The new king favored autocratic methods, his principal object seemed to be to fill positions of authority and influence with Roman Catholics. Dislike of him grew and the birth of a son who would have precedence over his Protestant half-sisters helped to bring the opposition to a head. A group of Protestant nobles asked that James’ daughter, Mary and her husband, William, Prince of Orange to come to England with an army. When the Prince of Orange arrived on November 5, 1688, all of the King's Protestant officers defected. The unpopular, autocratic, Catholic king had few followers and was unable to defend himself. He fled, was captured, and was then allowed to escape to France, and William and Mary took the throne. The so-called Glorious Revolution was effectively over. James made an effort to restore himself by landing a force in Ireland in 1689, but the effort failed at the Battle of the Boyne. Other plots for restoration also failed. He would end his life in exile. He died of a stroke in 1701 at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France. He was the last Catholic and the last Stuart King of England. (bio by: Iola) 
Family links: 
   Charles I (1600 - 1649)
  Henrietta-Maria de Bourbon (1609 - 1669)
   Mary of Modena (1658 - 1718)
  Anne Hyde (1637 - 1671)*
  Arabella Churchill Stuart Godfrey (1648 - 1730)*
  Catherine Darnley (____ - 1743)*
   Mary (1662 - 1694)*
  James Stuart (1663 - 1667)*
   Anne (1665 - 1714)*
  Charles Stuart (1666 - 1667)*
  Edgar Stuart (1667 - 1671)*
  Henrietta Stuart (1669 - 1669)*
  Katherine Stuart (1671 - 1671)*
  Katherine Laura Stuart (1675 - 1675)*
  Isabella Stuart (1676 - 1681)*
  Charles Stuart (1677 - 1677)*
  Charlotte Maria Stuart (1682 - 1682)*
  James Darnley (1684 - 1685)*
  James Francis Edward Stuart (1688 - 1766)*
  Louisa Maria Theresa Stuart (1692 - 1712)*
   King Charles II (1630 - 1685)*
  Mary Henrietta Stuart von Nassau-Dillenberg (1631 - 1660)*
   James II (1633 - 1701)
  Anne Stuart (1637 - 1640)*
  Henry Stuart (1640 - 1660)*
  Henriette Anne Stuart (1644 - 1670)*
*Calculated relationship
Eglise Paroissiale
Departement des Yvelines
Île-de-France, France
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Jan 01, 2001
Find A Grave Memorial# 1976
James II
Added by: Curtis Jackson 🖋 📚 💻
James II
Added by: Gary Thelen
James II
Added by: Gary Thelen
Photos may be scaled.
Click on image for full size.

- David Wend
 Added: Oct. 14, 2016

- Carolee McGill-Barker
 Added: Aug. 1, 2016

 Added: Jul. 23, 2016
There are 99 more notes not showing...
Click here to view all notes...
Do you have a photo to add? Click here
How famous was this person?
Current ranking for this person: (4.3 after 71 votes)

Privacy Statement and Terms of Service