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King John
Original name: John Plantagenet
Birth: Dec. 24, 1167
Oxford
City of Oxford
Oxfordshire, England
Death: Oct. 19, 1216
Newark-on-Trent
Newark and Sherwood District
Nottinghamshire, England

English Royalty. King of England from 1199 to 1216. John was the son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, and youngest brother of Richard "the Lionheart". He married twice with the first being a political move to a distant cousin Isabel of Gloucester; this was annulled. Then he married the 12 year-old Isabella of Angouleme, who gave him three daughters and two sons. He was an educated man who loved hunting and traveling. Since Henry II did not award him land as he did his older sons, John was given the name of "Lackland". The name proved to suit him as, during his reign, he lost most of the land England had aquired earlier. John's life was characterized by double-crossing tumultuous relationships. First he allied with his brother Richard to rebel against their father; later he allied with King Philip II of France to fight Richard. He then turned on Phillip, causing England to lose Normandy. And lastly, he battled with his oldest brother's son Arthur over the right to the throne, which he ultimately acceded to after Richard's death. Many English barons and clergy thought he had poor judgment, was wicked and could not be trusted. And he was even excommunicated from the Church by Pope Innocent III. Although he did make improvements in military, taxation, and in the justice system, his faults and mistakes overshadowed any achievements. While John was in France and for the first time in history, barons made a national protest against such bad government. On June 15, 1215, John sealed the "Magna Carta", the Great Charter, which restated the rights of the Church, the barons and all in the land. Within months, John broke all of these promises, causing the Church and the barons to summon aid from France. In the midst of the French invading England, John died of dysentery leaving his nine-year-old son to become Henry III. At this point, Isabella of Angouleme was sent back to France without her very young children. King John may also be remembered as the rival of Robin Hood, the heroic outlaw in English folklore. (bio by: Linda Davis) 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Henry Plantagenet (1133 - 1189)
   Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine (1123 - 1204)
 
 Spouses:
  Isabella Taillefer (1188 - 1246)
  Isabella FitzWilliam Burgh (1165 - 1217)*
 
 Children:
  Joan of Wales (1188 - 1237)*
   King Henry (1207 - 1272)*
  Richard of Cornwall (1209 - 1272)*
  Joan Plantagenet (1210 - 1238)*
  Isabelle Plantagenet (1214 - 1241)*
  Eleanor Plantagenet (1215 - 1275)*
 
 Siblings:
  Marie de Champagne (1145 - 1198)**
  Geoffrey FitzRoy Plantagenet (1152 - 1212)**
  William De Poitiers (1153 - 1156)*
  Henry III Plantagenet (1155 - 1183)*
  Mathilda Plantagenet (1156 - 1189)*
   Richard I (1157 - 1199)*
  Geoffrey II Plantagenet (1158 - 1186)*
  Eleanor Plantagenet (1162 - 1214)*
  Joan Plantagenet (1164 - 1199)*
  King John (1167 - 1216)
  William Longespée (1176 - 1226)**
 
*Calculated relationship
**Half-sibling
 
Burial:
Worcester Cathedral
Worcester
City of Worcester
Worcestershire, England
Plot: The Choir
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Jan 01, 2001
Find A Grave Memorial# 1953
King John
Added by: George Krauss
 
King John
Added by: Kieran Smith
 
King John
Added by: Kieran Smith
 
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25th Great Grandfather
- Brenda and Charles Bailey
 Added: Dec. 25, 2014

- R I P
 Added: Dec. 24, 2014

- Lucy Caldarelli
 Added: Dec. 24, 2014
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