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Francis Charlton
Birth: 1808, Ireland
Death: Nov. 1, 1885
Philadelphia
Philadelphia County
Pennsylvania, USA

Francis Charlton immigrated from Ireland. Ship Passenger Lists show that he, his wife Mary and infant daughter (Jane) arrived from Londonderry at Philadelphia on August 21, 1838 on the Ship John Cadmus.

The following appears to census and directory listings for Francis Charlton:

1840 Census:
Francis Charlton, Cedar Ward.
One male under 2 years old.
One male betw. 30 and under 40.
One female under 5
One female 20 and under 30.

1845 - 1849 City Directories: F. Charlton, Carver, 3 Lebanon Row

1850 City Directory: F. Charlton, Carver, Pascal

In 1856, Luther Martin opened a lampblack factory at 25th and Coates (Fairmount) Street. Martin had been in the lampblack business as early as 1849 (1). Lamp black was traditionally produced by collecting soot, also known as lampblack, from oil lamps. Lamp black is a finely powdered black soot deposited in incomplete combustion of carbonaceous materials and is used chiefly as a pigment (as in paints, enamels, and printing inks). As a laborer and watchman, Francis established the family's multi-generation ties with the lamp black industry.

In 1859, the factory moved to the northwest corner, 29th and Oxford Streets. At that time, Francis and his family relocated to the northeast corner of 29th and Oxford.

July 7, 1860 Census:
20th Ward, 2d Division (20th Ward North of Master St.)
Francis Charlton, 55, Laborer, born Ireland
Mary Charlton, 47, born Ireland
William Charlton, 21, Laborer, born Penna.
Jno. Charlton, 15, Factory Hand
Francis Charlton, 12, born Penna.
Margaret Charlton, 9, born Penna.

The 1870 census states he, "works in lamp black factory."

All three of his sons were employed by the L Martin lampblack factory. His 19 year old son JOHN died tragically in a scalding accident at a factory (probably L Martin) in January 1865. His son WILLIAM was an engineer and left the business in the 1870s, after a term as Councilman, and opened a profitable coalyard business at 28th and Brown. WILLIAM died in 1888 from injuries sustained when he fell out of his carriage in 1886. FRANCIS, JR. rose to be the President of the L Martin plant on Oxford Street and was a successful Councilman. When L Martin moved their plant from 29th and Oxford around 1900, FRANCIS, JR. became President at the lamp black firm of Bihn & Wolff.

Francis Charlton and his family lived at the northeast corner of 29th and Oxford Streets since the 1860s. His 1885 death notice and will state that he lived at the northwest corner 29th and Oxford. This is incorrect. The Martin Luther lampblack factory was at the northwest corner from about 1859 to 1893. The 1885 directory and 1886 directory (enumerated just before Francis died) state, "Francis Charlton, watchman, h. 2837 Oxford." This is at the northeast corner.

PUBLIC LEDGER, Tuesday, 11-3-1885:
CHARLTON - On the 1st instant, FRANCIS CHARLTON, aged 78 years. The relatives and friends are respectfully invited to attend the funeral, on Wednesday, 4th instant, at 1 o'clock, from his late residence, N. W. corner Twenty-ninth and Oxford Streets. Internment at Mt. Moriah Cemetery. *201

Philadelphia Death Registration, 1885, page 231:
Date of registration: November 2, 1885
Francis Charlton, 78 years old, white, married.
Died November 2, 1885
Cause: Debility
Attending Physician: E. E. Montgomery
Occupation: blank
Born: Pennsylvania
Ward 29
Street: 29 & Oxford
Buried: November 4, 1885, Mount Moriah

During his life, Francis also purchased properties and passed his real estate interests on to his sons William and Francis. These properties included 2709 Oxford Street (purchased 1881) and 2720 North 27th Street.

Francis Charlton, Sr. prepared his will (No. 730 of 1887) on March 11, 1885 and stated that he, "...bequeth all my estate... unto my dear wife Mary Charlton... after her decease, I devise the houses and lots No. 2709 Oxford street and No. 2720 North Twenty-seventh street in the 29th ward... unto my daughter Margaret Charlton her heirs and assigns, and the rest... I give... unto my two sons William Charlton and Francis Charlton Jr. and daughter Jane McArthur absolutely in the proportions as follows..."
2/5 William
2/5 Francis Jr.
1/5 Jane McArthur

Executors: William Charlton & Francis Charlton

"Francis Charlton, Sr. was a resident of Philadelphia County... and departed this life at No. W. cor. 29th & Oxford Streets... in the County of Philadelphia ...on Sunday the First day of November A.D. 1885 at 4:05 o'clock P.M."

June 14, 1887: witnesses Alex Colville & Louis Glass verified that they were witnesses to the preparation of the above will by the deceased on 3-11-1885. 1880 Census: Alex Colville was a Police Officer

The value of his real estate was $6,000. His son Francis Charlton (residence 1538 N. 27th St.) applied for probate of his will on June 16, 1887, "William Charlton the other executor named being mentally incapable of attending to the duties of executor" due to an 1886 horse carriage accident.

Francis Charlton is buried in the Mount Moriah cemetery lot behind the monument to his son-in-law William Charlton. I have not found a stone for Francis.

Footnotes:
1. Atlantic Reporter, Vol. 71, 1909 
 
Family links: 
 Spouse:
  Mary Todd Charlton (1811 - 1891)
 
 Children:
  Jane Charlton McArthur (1837 - 1925)*
  William Charlton (1839 - 1888)*
  John H Charlton (1846 - 1865)*
  Francis Charlton (1848 - 1916)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Mount Moriah Cemetery
Philadelphia
Philadelphia County
Pennsylvania, USA
Plot: Section 133, Lot 48
 
Created by: Researcher
Record added: Apr 12, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial# 18899485
Francis Charlton
Added by: Researcher
 
Francis Charlton
Added by: Researcher
 
Francis Charlton
Added by: Researcher
 
 
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