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 • Chapel of Saint Peter-ad-Vincula, Tower of London
 • London Borough of Tower Hamlets
 • Greater London
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Countess of Salisbury
Original name: Margaret Plantagenet Pole
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Birth: Aug. 14, 1473
London
City of London
Greater London, England
Death: May 27, 1541
London
City of London
Greater London, England

English aristocracy. Born at Farleigh Castle, Bath, Wiltshire, England, the daughter of George, Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville. She was niece to both Edward IV and Richard III. Orphaned by the age of six, she and her brother were brought up with Edward IV's children. Under Richard III, her brother, Edward, became heir presumptive and she, the Princess Royal. After the Tudor usurpation of the throne in 1485, however, Edward was imprisoned and like most Plantagenets under the new regime, was eventually judicially murdered. Margaret was given in marriage to Sir Richard Pole, a relative of Henry VII's mother. The couple would have five children. On his accession, Henry VIII reversed her brother's attainder; and, in 1513, made her Countess of Salisbury in her own right, making her one of only two women of the time to hold their own titles. She served Catherine of Aragon as Lady in Waiting. With the birth of the Princess Mary, Margaret was her baptismal sponsor and served as her godmother. She was Princess Mary's first Lady Mistress and oversaw the princess' household and served as her governess. In 1531, Princess Mary was removed from her charge. They were reunited briefly four years later, but her opposition to divorce for the royal couple caused Henry to again removed Margaret as a partisan of the queen. Her son, Cardinal Reginald Pole, published numerous papers in support of Queen Catherine and Princess Mary. In exile on the continent, he could not be touched by the English King, but his mother made a handy scapegoat and she was duly arrested. Margaret was released and returned to court only after Anne Boleyn's dramatic fall from grace. Unfortunately, Reginald Pole then sent King Henry a copy of his treatise ‘Pro ecclesiasticae unitatis defensione,' which included a denunciation of the king's policies. In November, 1538 the vengeful king arrested Henry Pole, Baron Montagu, Geoffrey Pole, the Marquis of Exeter, Edward Neville and Sir Nicholas Carew on a charge of treason, and they were committed to the Tower. Ten days later, Margaret was arrested as well. She denounced Reginald as a traitor and even expressed regret that she had given birth to him. In January, Montagu, Exeter, and Carew were executed. In May an Act of Attainder was issued against Margaret and she was removed to the Tower and held there for nearly two years. On the morning of May 27, 1541 she was suddenly told she was to die within the hour. When she was removed to the place of execution, the elderly and infirm lady declared she was no traitor and refused to lay her head on the block. One version of her death has the inexperienced executioner cutting her down where she stood; another has the lady making a run for it, pursued by the axe wielding executioner. In any event, Margaret died hard, hacked to death in the yard by an inept executioner. Margaret was buried in the Chapel of St. Peter ad Vincula within the Tower. In 1886 she was beatified as a Roman Catholic martyr by Pope Leo VIII. (bio by: Iola) 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  George Duke of Clarence (1449 - 1478)
  Isabel Neville Plantagenet (1451 - 1476)
 
 Children:
  Reginald Pole (1500 - 1558)*
 
 Siblings:
  Anne Plantagenet (1470 - 1470)*
   Countess of Salisbury (1473 - 1541)
  Edward Plantagenet (1475 - 1499)*
  Richard Plantagenet (1476 - 1477)*
 
*Calculated relationship

Cause of death: Executed
 
Burial:
Chapel of Saint Peter-ad-Vincula, Tower of London
London Borough of Tower Hamlets
Greater London, England
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Dec 03, 2000
Find A Grave Memorial# 18701
Countess of Salisbury
Added by: Dr Scott
 
Countess of Salisbury
Added by: Iola
 
Countess of Salisbury
Added by: ElizabethIrish
 
 
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- Nancy in Michigan
 Added: Nov. 8, 2014
Rest in Peace, you are one with God now.
- Amy Flehearty
 Added: Nov. 4, 2014
For my 16th Great-Grandmother...
- LisaMarian
 Added: Oct. 18, 2014
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