Following are three biographies of Charles Curtis, very similar in nature, but each of the three offer varying information. To be on the safe side I will not try to make one report out of them. >BLH.
Charles Curtis is the son of Charles Stubbs and Amanda Fitzallen (Ham) Curtis of Hallowell, Me. He was married May 12, 1866 to Harriet Louise Hughes of Ashland. Harriet is the daughter of my great-grandparents, Barnet and Martha Lane (Clark) Hughes. Her brother, George Kendall Hughes was killed at Cold Harbor during the Civil War. His biography appears on page 11 in this listing.
Charles Albert Curtis and Harriet/Harriette Louise Hughes were married May 17, 1866 in Holderness.
He resided in Northfield, Vt., Faribault, Minn, stationed at Fort Sumner, N.M. and Fort Reynolds, CO. Once on the plains and in a fort his wife was with him when he had but 3000 Indians attacked 200 soldiers and them. They expected to be overpowered any minute and a soldier was detailed to stand by her with gun loaded, ready to shoot her the minute the Indians raided. This was the only merciful course to take. Fortunately they were able to drive them away.
At the outbreak of the Civil War, he offered his services to the state and was appointed drillmaster. He was engaged from April to June, 1861 in drilling and instructing volunteers, meanwhile taking the examinations and receiving the degree of A.B. at Bowdoin College. He accompanied the 6th Maine volunteers to Virginia, as instructor of field officers of the regiment, and saw active service with his regiment until June 1862. He served for a short time as assistant adjutant general on the staff of General W S Hancock. On April 17, 1862, he was appointed second lieutenant, 7th US infantry, for extraordinary merit. Charles was transferred to the 5th US infantry, April 28, 1862 and joined his regiment at Fort Craig, New Mexico. He was then promoted to first lieutenant on March 30, 1864 and brevetted (promoted without an increase in pay) captain on September 27, 1865, "for gallant and meritorious services" during the war. He served against the Texas forces at Rio Grande in 1862, and during 1862-?? fought against the Indians of the Southwest.
He served in Indian wars until he retired in 1870. He was continuously on duty as military instructor at educational institutions. Charles was Professor of Military Science and Tactics by assignment of the President of the US (Grant) at the following institutions: Norwich University, Vt. 1870-1880 Bishop Seabury Mission, Minn. 1880-1885 East Florida Seminary, Florida 1885-1889 Kenyon Military Academy, Mo. 1889-1891 Marmaduke Military Academy, Mo. 1891-1893 Howe Military School, Ind. 1893-1898 University of Wisconsin 1898-Now (1905) when he wrote to me
In 1868 he was detailed as professor of military science and tactics at Norwich University. He held that chair until 1880, with the exception of one year, 1875-76, when he filled a similar position at St. Augustine's College, Benicia, California.
Having been elected president of Norwich, October 19, 1876; he served four years, resigning in 1880. He was a capable and efficient executive, and raised considerable sums of money to improve the university grounds and buildings and to complete Jackman Hall. He compiled the first book of regulations published by the university and made several changes in the organization of cadet corps. Captain Curtis was professor of military science at the Shattuck School, Faribault, Minn., 1880-85; East Florida Seminary, Gainesville, Fla., 1885-89; Kenyon Military Academy, Sweet Springs, Mo., 1890-92; the Howe School, Lima, Ind., 1892-93. Around 1895 he removed to Madison, Wisconsin, where he became professor of military science and tactics at the University of Wisconsin, his last position. There he had found the honor of commanding the largest cadet corps in the United States.
Taking an interest in the national guard, he was colonel in the Minnesota National Guard 1880 to 1885; lieutenant-colonel of the Florida National Guard 1885-1889 Colonel Curtis contributed popular stories and historic articles to the St. Nicholas, Wide Awake, Youth's Companion, Harper's Young People and other periodicals, and wrote one book, Captured by the Navajos (1898). He was a Mason and a member of several historical and military societies.
Because of wounds received in the line of duty, he was retired from active service on December 15, 1870 and was given full rank of captain by act of Congress in 1899.
In 1905 they were residing in Madison. They had five children. He died May 26, 1907 in Madison, and is buried at the Nation Cemetery in Arlington, VA. Harriet died January 24, 1924. >Granite Monthly, v56, p171, Feb 1924.
Curtis, Charles Albert, born at Hallowell, Maine, October 4, 1835; son of Charles Stubbs and Amanda F. (Ham) Curtis; attended Maine State and Yarmouth Seminaries; graduated from Norwich University and received an A.B. degree from Bowdoin College, 1861; married Harriette Louise Hughes at Holderness (now Ashland), New Hampshire, May 17, 1866; children, Wardon A., Lawrence A. (Colonel, U.S. Army), George H., Dorothea H. (Mrs. Wallace Chickering) and Barbara H. (Mrs. Earl B. Rose).
Appointed State drill master and was engaged from April to June 1861, in drilling volunteers in different parts of Maine; went to Virginia as instructor to the field officers of the 6th Maine Infantry and twice commanded a company in action; appointed for extraordinary merit, 2d Lieutenant, 7th U. S. Infantry, April 4 and transferred to the 5th U.S. Infantry, April 28, 1862; joined the Regiment at Fort Craig, New Mexico, July 1862; stationed at Peralta, Los Piņos and Fort Marcy, N.M.; in command of a camp at Valles Grandes, N.M., for 8 months, and had repeated contacts with hostile Indians, particularly in October, 1863, when an attack by 300 Navajos was repelled.
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant at Fort Wingate, N.M., March 30, 1864; left there for Arizona in May 1864 and served as Acting Quartermaster at Fort Whipple, A.T., where he supervised the construction of that post about a mile from the new town of Prescott.
Attended the first meeting of Free and Accepted Masons in Arizona at Prescott, ______ __, 1864; invited with other officers at Fort Whipple "to occupy seats within the bar of the House" by resolution of the Assembly, 1st Territorial Legislature, September 30, 1864; named as one of the incorporators of the Arizona Historical Society by Act approved November 7, 1864; went from Fort Whipple on a scout against Yavapai Indians December 26, 1864, and was in two engagements with Apaches in February, 1865; brevet Captain for meritorious service during the War, September 27, 1865.
Left Fort Whipple in October, 1865, and was on leave and Recruiting Service until June, 1866; commanded a company of recruits for the 5th U.S. Infantry which marched from Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and arrived at Fort Sumner, N.M., in September, 1866; left Fort Reynolds, Colorado, on October 12, 1867, and was in command there until April, 1869; detailed as Professor of Military Science and Tactics at Norwich University, Northfield, Vermont, May, 1869; retired because of wounds received in the line of duty, December 15, 1870.
Continued as Professor at Norwich University until 1874 and held a similar position at St. Augustine's College, Benicia, California, 1875-76; President of Norwich University, 1876-80; Professor of Military Science at Shattuck School, Faribault, Minnesota, and Colonel, National Guard of Minnesota, 1880-85; East Florida Seminary, Gainesville, Florida, and Lieutenant Colonel, Florida National Guard, 1885-89; Kenyon Military Academy, Sweet Springs, Missouri, 1890-92; the Howe School, Lima, Indians, 1892-93; at the University of Wisconsin he commanded the largest Corps of Cadets in the United States; 1895-1907; Lieutenant Colonel, National Guard of Wisconsin, 1897-1907; promoted Captain on the retired list by Act of Congress approved April 23, 1904.
He was the author of a novel, "Captured by the Navajos" published in 1904, four serials for Harper's Round Table, a serial for the Youth's Companion a series for Wide Awake and a short story for St. Nicholas, several of which reflect his experiences in Arizona and New Mexico. He demitted from Astlan Lodge No. 167, F. & A.M., at Prescott and was a Charles Albert Curtis member of De Witt Clinton Lodge No. 15 at Northfield, Vermont from 1869 to 1890 and of Madison Lodge No. 5 from and after 1892, he was also a Companion, Vermont Commandery, Military Order of the Loyal Legion, 1899-1907.
Died at Madison, Wisconsin, May 26, 1907, aged 71, buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Virginia. Sources of Information Rebellion Records- Series 1, Vol. 34, 48. National Cyclopedia of American Biography, N.Y., 1922, v18, p326. Thwaites, Reuben Gold, The University of Wisconsin, Its History and its Alumna, pp158-321. Powell, W.H., Records of the Living Officers, U.S. Army, p346. Tuttle, E.D., Arizona Begins Lawmaking, Arizona Historical Review, April 1928, p54 A Brief History of Scabbard and Blade, 1930, p14. Journals, 1st Legislative Assembly, Territory of Arizona, 1864, pp47, 98. Vermont Commandery, Military Order, Loyal Legion, Circular 10, November 15, 1907. The Adjutant General of the Army, Military Service Records. U.S. Veterans Administration, Pension Records, W.C., 647, 790. The Madison Democrat, May 28, 1907 (obituary). >Hayden Arizona Pioneer Biographies Collection, Internet.
Class of 1861 Col. Charles Albert Curtis, U.S.A., A.M.
Charles A. Curtis, son of Charles Stubbs and Amanda Fitzalan (Ham) Curtis, was born in Hallowell, Maine, October 4, 1835, and died in Madison, Wis., May 26, 1907. He prepared for college at the Maine State Seminary, and at Yarmouth (Maine) Seminary. He entered the Sophomore Class of the University in 1858, and graduated A.B. in 1861. He was one of the founders of the "Reveille" (q.v.) in 1860. He was a member of the Alpha Sigma Pi Fraternity, and in 1868, revised its "Ritual." In 1861, he passed the examinations at Bowdoin College, Maine, for the degree of A.B.
On the breaking out of the Civil War, he returned to his home in Maine, offered his services to the State: was appointed State Drill master with rank of first lieutenant, and performed efficient duty during April-June, 1861, in drilling and instructing volunteers in fifteen towns and cities of the State. On June 17, 1861, he left the state for Virginia, with the Sixth Maine Regiment, as instructor to the field officers of the regiment: took part in every action in which this regiment was engaged to June 1862, and twice commanded a company in action.
He was appointed in June 1862, acting assistant adjutant-general on the staff of General W.S. Hancock, with the understanding that he should have been previously tendered, decline. He served one month in this position, when the first appointee accepted. He was appointed 2d lieutenant 7th United States Infantry April 14, 1862, for "extraordinary merit"; was transferred, April 28, 1862, to the 5th United States Infantry, and joined his regiment at Fort Craig, New Mexico, July 6, 1862; was promoted first lieutenant March 30, 1864, and captain by brevet [a former type of military commission conferred esp. for outstanding service by which an officer was promoted to a higher rank without the corresponding pay. >BLH] September 27, 1865, "for meritorious services" during the war; served against the Texan forces on the Rio Grande, 1862-65; engaged in the Indian Wars in New Mexico, Arizona, California and Colorado, 1865-69; was in command of camp at Los Valles Grandes, New Mexico, October 3, 1863 - June 9, 1864; Fort Reynolds, Col., November 17, 1867 - April 1, 1869; was retired from active duty December 15, 1870 for wounds received in line of duty, was given full rank of captain, U.S.A., by special act of Congress in 1899.
He was detailed as professor of Military Science and Tactics at the University in the fall of 1868, and reported for duty April 8, 1869, which position he held until August 12, 1875; served as executive officer from May 1869, until September of the same year. On August 12, 1875, he resigned his position to accept the professorship of Military Science and Tactics at the St. Augustine College at Benicia, Cal. In July 1876, he resigned this position and returned to Northfield and resumed the position of professor of Military Science and Tactics. On October 19, 1876, he was elected president of the University, and served until July 1, 1880, when he resigned. He took a deep interest in the welfare of "N.U." During 1869-80, he raised considerable sums of money for the improvement of the University grounds and the completion of "Jackman Hall." He compiled the first book of regulations published by the University, and under his administrations, cadet officers were first regularly and permanently commissioned to office.
He served as professor of military Science at the Shattuck School, Faribault, Minn., 1880-85; East Florida Seminary, Gainesville, Fla., 1885-89; Kenyon Military Academy, Gambier, Ohio, 1889-90; Marmaduke Military Academy, Sweet Springs, Mo.; Howe School, Lima, Ind., for some time. In 1885, he removed to Madison, Wis., where he made his home until his death. In 1898, he was appointed professor of Military Science and Tactics at the University of Wisconsin, which position he held until his death, meeting with marked success. He was commissioned colonel in the National Guard of Minnesota, September 15, 1884; lieutenant-colonel National Guard of Florida, November 25, 1887, and colonel National Guard of Wisconsin, April 6, 1901.
He wrote many stories and historical articles for the St. Nicholas, Wide Awake, Youth's Companion, Harper's Young People, and various other papers. He published one story in book for, Captured by the Navajos, Harper Brothers, New York, 1898. He gave much valuable assistance on the history of Norwich University on 1898. He was a member of the Madison Lodge, No. 5, F. and A.M., of Madison and Chapter R.A.M. of Madison; Wisconsin Historical Society, Wisconsin Society of Sons of the American Revolution, and Vermont Commandery Military Order of Loyal Legion.
He was married May 17, 1866, to Harriette Louise Hughes of Ashland, who survives him and resides in Ashland. Five children were born to them: Warden Allan, born February 1, 1867, resides in Ashland; Lawrence Albert, born April 11, 1872, now captain 22nd United States Infantry; George Hughes, born June 30, 1874, died August 7, 1877; Dorothy Hughes, born April 7, 1878, married Wallace Chickering, resides in Chicago, Ill.; Barbara Hilton, born March 23, 1882, married Earl B. Rose, resides in Milwaukee, Wis. >History of Norwich University, Sketches of Alumni and Past Cadets.