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Col Nathan Gallup
Birth: Mar. 13, 1727
Groton
New London County
Connecticut, USA
Death: Jan. 19, 1799
Ledyard
New London County
Connecticut, USA

Nathan Gallup, born March 13, 1727 in Groton, New London County, Connecticut, was the son of Benadam and Eunice (Cobb) Gallup. His mother is directly descended from Mayflower passengers John and Joan (Hurst) Tilley, their daughter Elizabeth, and Elizabeth's husband John Howland. On his father's side he is descended from the emigrants John and Hannah (Lake) Gallup, who arrived on the ships Griffin and Abigail respectively.

Nathan married Sarah Giddings on May 25, 1749 in Groton. Sarah is descended from Mayflower passengers Edward Fuller and his son Samuel.

Nathan Gallup was Colonel of the 8th and 27th Groton, Connecticut militia in the revolutionary war. Among the numerous battles Gallup fought, he was at Fort Griswold prior to September 6, 1781 the day of the Battle of Groton Heights or as it is sometimes called the Griswold Massacre and was asked to garner the force needed to defend Fort Griswold. Colonel Ledyard was in command of the Fort, and Brigadier General Benedict Arnold, Lt Colonel Edmund Eyre and Commodore John Bazely led the attack.

When Gallup returned to the Fort with his militia, he could see the patriots were hopelessly outnumbered. Many of the local militia opted to retire to the woods and wait and see, as they did not want to be slaughtered. Colonel Gallup and his militia were among those that waited. The patriots were soon overcome, and the Fort breeched. Conceding defeat, Colonel Ledyard ordered resistance to cease and for his men to throw down their arms. This was done immediately, as the situation was past desperate. It was at this point the massacre began. Rather than allow the patriots to surrender, the British slaughtered most of them. No quarter was given. Platoon after platoon entered the Fort, killing nearly every patriot they encountered. Colonel Ledyard was stabbed through the heart and lungs and fell dead with most of his men. The American casualties included: 85 killed, 60 wounded, many mortally. The British casualties included: 48 killed and 145 wounded. Several leaders of the attacking British force were killed or seriously wounded. High British casualties lead to criticism of General Arnold. The battle was the last major military encounter in the northern United States, preceding the decisive American victory at Yorktown, Virginia by about six weeks.

Colonel Nathan Gallup and his wife Sarah Giddings had the following children:

1. Sarah Gallup, who married Silas Gallup

2. Nathan Gallup

3. Ebenezer Gallup

4. Mary Gallup, who married Henry Denison

5. Jacob Gallup, who married Rebecca Morgan

6. Christopher Gallup, who married Martha Stanton

7. Gideon Gallup

8. Lois Gallup, who married Jacob Morgan

9. Lodowick Gallup, who married 1st Margaret "Peggy" Phelps and 2nd Nancy White
 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Benadam Gallup (1693 - 1755)
  Eunice Cobb Gallup (1693 - 1759)
 
 Spouse:
  Sarah Giddings Gallup (1729 - 1778)
 
 Children:
  Sarah Gallup Gallup (1751 - 1799)*
  Nathan Gallup (1754 - 1778)*
  Ebenezer Gallup (1757 - 1794)*
  Mary Gallup Denison (1760 - 1843)*
  Jacob Gallup (1761 - 1798)*
  Christopher Gallup (1764 - 1849)*
  Lois Gallup Morgan (1768 - 1841)*
  Lodowick Gallup (1773 - 1857)*
 
 Siblings:
  BenAdam Gallup (1716 - 1800)*
  Eunice Gallup Frink (1721 - 1791)*
  William Gallup (1723 - 1803)*
  Henry Gallup (1725 - 1811)*
  Nathan Gallup (1727 - 1799)
  Ebenezer Gallup (1730 - 1798)*
  Hannah Gallup Allyn (1732 - 1820)*
  Thomas Prentice Gallop (1734 - 1813)*
  Sarah Gallup Allyn (1738 - 1804)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Inscription:
In memory of
Col. Nathan Gallup
who died Jan. 19th
1799 in y, 72d year
of his age.

Behold my friend as
you pafs (sic) by
As you are now to
ouce (sic) was I.
As I am now to you
muft (sic) be
prepare for death
and follow me
 
Burial:
Gallup Cemetery
Ledyard
New London County
Connecticut, USA
 
Maintained by: Shari Hanson Frey
Originally Created by: Jan Franco
Record added: Aug 28, 2006
Find A Grave Memorial# 15534877
Col Nathan Gallup
Added by: Nate Bramlett
 
Col Nathan Gallup
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Jan Franco
 
 
Photos may be scaled.
Click on image for full size.

Rest in Peace. My 1st cousin 7 times removed.
- Marilyn Price
 Added: Sep. 10, 2012

- DB Johnson
 Added: Jun. 14, 2012

- DB Johnson
 Added: Nov. 19, 2011
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