New York State Senator, publisher, road builder and farmer. He contracted with the city of Albany to fill in the Rutten Kill ravine. He employed 60 teams of oxen with carts from 1844 to 1847 to complete this project. Hudson Avenue is constructed over this ra-vine. He departed for California during the 1849 “Gold Rush” and became very wealthy as a merchant in California with branches in Australia and New Zealand. He returned to Albany in 1859 and became publisher of the Schenectady Union newspaper. He also owned a 300-acre farm and tavern (“Locust Grove”) on the east end of the Albany-Schenectady Turnpike just west of the tollbooth that was near Vatrano Road. Brother of Leland Stanford.