Dec. 29, 1890 Wounded Knee Oglala Lakota County South Dakota, USA
Wounded Knee monument on the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota. On December 29, 1890, the Sioux chief Big Foot and some 350 of his followers camped on the banks of Wounded Knee creek. They were surrounded by US troops who were to disarm and arrest them. Sitting Bull had been murdered just days before. During a meeting to try and come to a truce, a shot from an unknown party was fired; this anonymous shot started the massacre. Indians ran to get their guns and defend themselves, but the surrounding army cut them all down. Over 300 Sioux were killed that day, and the massacre officially ended the Indian Wars but began the years of recrimination against the US government for their brutality toward the Indians.