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Adm Alexander Colden Rhind
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Birth: Oct. 31, 1821
New York, USA
Death: Nov. 8, 1897

Officers of the Continental and U.S. Navy and Marine Corps, 1775-1900 about Alexander C Rhind
Name: Alexander C Rhind
Rank Information: Midshipman, Passed Midshipman, Master, Lieutenant, Lieutenant Commander, Commander, Captain, Commodore, Rear Admiral, Retired List
Service Dates: 3 Sep 1838, 2 Jul 1845, 30 Apr 1853, 17 Feb 1854, 16 Jul 1862, 2 Jan 1863, 2 Mar 1870, 30 Sep 1876, 30 Oct 1883
Military Branch: US Navy Officers (1798-1900)
Death Date: 8 Nov 1897

Alexander Colden Rhind (October 31, 1821 – November 8, 1897) was an rear admiral in the United States Navy, who served during the Mexican–American War and American Civil War.

Early career

Rhind was born in New York City, New York, the son of Charles Rhind, a prominent shipowner who also served as Minister to Turkey from 1827.[1] His mother, Susan Fell,[2] was a descendant of Cadwallader Colden, the Governor of the colonial Province of New York from 1769 to 1771.[1]

Rhind was appointed midshipman on September 3, 1838,[3] and between 1839 and 1841 he served on the Mediterranean Station aboard the frigate Ohio and the sloop Cyane.[1] He then served aboard the sloop Warren in the West Indies in 1842-43, then on the frigate Macedonian off the coast of Africa in 1843-44, before attending the Philadelphia Naval School in 1844-45. Promoted to passed midshipman on July 2, 1845, Rhind served on the brig Washington on the Coast Survey in 1845-46, which was then attached the Home Squadron on the coast of Mexico during the Mexican–American War, being present at Alvarado and Tabasco.[4]

Rhind served on the steamer Water Witch in 1848, before rejoining the Coast Survey aboard the schooner Ewing on a voyage to the coast of California in 1849-50. He then served aboard the sloop St. Mary's in the East Indies in 1850-51, before returning to the Coast Survey, where he remained until 1854,[4] receiving promotion to the rank of master on April 30, 1853.[5]

Rhind was commissioned as a lieutenant on February 17, 1854,[5] and served on the sloop John Adams on the Pacific Station,[1] but in May 1855[6] was court-martialed after a disagreement with his commander, and left the Navy in September 1855.[7] Eventually reinstated, Rhind served on the sloop Constellation, the flagship of the Africa Squadron from 1859-61.[4]
[edit] Civil War

On December 14, 1861, during the American Civil War, Rhind was ordered to take command of the screw steamer Crusader; and, while commanding her,[3] earned the Thanks of the Navy Department in a letter dated September 7, 1864,[4] for the capture and destruction of Confederate works commanding the South Edisto, Dawho, and Pon-Pon Rivers, in April 1862,[3] and received promotion to lieutenant commander on July 16, 1862.[5]

Promoted to commander on January 2, 1863,[5] in that year he participated in the attacks on Charleston's defenses as commanding officer of the ironclad monitor Keokuk. During the attack on April 7, 1863, Keokuk was struck 90 times, suffering 19 holes at or near her waterline. Retiring, she was kept afloat until the following morning, before finally sinking, by which time the crew had been taken off.[3]

Later, after commanding the gunboat Paul Jones and the screw frigate Wabash, on October 23, 1863, he assumed command of the side-wheel gunboat Agawam on the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, and earned praise from Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee for the "gallantry and endurance displayed" by himself and his crew during an engagement with three batteries at Deep Bottom on August 13, 1864.[3]

In December 1864 he was detailed to command the powder boat Louisiana,[3] which was loaded with 215 tons of gunpowder,[8] then towed by Wilderness to a point 250 yards off Fort Fisher. There Commander Rhind and his crew set the fuzes and started a fire before escaping to Wilderness. The blast from the explosion, although loud, did little damage and two days later Rhind returned to close proximity to the fort to plant a marker buoy as near to the fort as possible to allow the fleet to bombard Fort Fisher at close range.[3] Admiral Porter, in his official report to the Navy Department, wrote;

"In conclusion, allow me to draw your attention to Commander Rhind and Lieutenant Preston. They engaged in the most perilous adventure that was, perhaps, ever undertaken. As an incentive to others I beg leave to recommend them for promotion. No one in the squadron considered that their lives would be saved, and Commander Rhind and Lieutenant Preston had made an arrangement to sacrifice themselves in case the vessel was boarded, a thing likely to happen."
Colden Family Cemetery
Montgomery County
New York, USA
Maintained by: Rubbings
Originally Created by: Laurie
Record added: Dec 13, 2005
Find A Grave Memorial# 12676248
Adm Alexander Colden Rhind
Added by: Rubbings
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Companion #00208 - Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the U.S.
- Jeffry Burden
 Added: Oct. 9, 2012

- Rubbings
 Added: Jan. 14, 2012

- Laurie
 Added: Dec. 13, 2005

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