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John Wilson Buckner
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Birth: Jan. 23, 1831
Sumter County
South Carolina, USA
Death: Aug., 1895
Sumter County
South Carolina, USA

John Wilson Buckner was born to Willis Buckner and Aliza Ann Ellison.He 1st married Janie Johnson and had the following two children.Henrietta Ann "Harriett", and unamed infant son Buckner.Then he married Sarah Oxendine and had the following children:
John William,Henry Ellison,Samuel B,Eliza,Charles Wilson "Charlie",George,Daniel,and Sarah Buckner.It is in question that Henrietta Ann Buckner and Harriett Buckner are the same person and some one could have gave the wrong information on the death certficate.According to Black Slave Masters book,Henrietta Ann "Harriett" mother was Janie Johnson.On the death record for Harriett Buckner,the death record has her parents as being John Wilson and Gincy Pitts.I've seen mix records.Any ways The Birth date for these children is the same. March 27, 1863.So my question is,Is Henrietta Ann and Harriett Buckner the same person.If not what happen to Henrietta Ann Buckner.Back to John Wilson Buckner, William Ellison's oldest grandson, enlisted in the 1st South Carolina Artillery. Buckner served in the company of Captains P.P. Galliard and A.H. Boykin, local white men who knew that Buckner was a Man of Color. Although it was illegal at the time for a Man of Color to formally join the Confederate forces, the Ellison family's prestige nullified the law in the minds of Buckner's comrades. Buckner was wounded in action on July 12, 1863.He didnot die then. At his funeral it was held in Stateburg in August,of 1895 he was praised by his former Confederate officers as being a "faithful soldier."

1st Artillery
1. Man of Color --- appears on a report of operations and casualties Fort Sumter, August 23, 1863.
Report date: Ft. Sumter, Aug. 24, 1863.
Remarks: Severely wounded head (Unfiled Papers and Slips Belonging in Confederate Compiled Service Records)

2. John Wilson Buckner -- Co. I. Enlisted March 27, 1863 at Franklin S. C. for 3 years. Roll of May and June 1863-- present, July and August 1863--present wounded in action at Battery Wagner, July 14, 1863. Roll of Sept and Oct 1863 --present, Nov. and Dec. 1863 --present. Jan. to Oct 19, 1864 -- present Deserted Oct. 19, 1864.

It is believed that John Wilson Buckner served with other South Carolina Confederate units, Capt. P.O. Gaillard's company and later became a scout in Capt. Boykin's company, both South Carolina regiments; however we have not been able to prove service in these units at this time.

"William Homes Ellison " April" sons invested heavily in Confederate war bonds, and his grandson John Wilson Buckner was allowed to enlist in the South Carolina Artillery because of "personal associations and a sterling family reputation...." [pp. 305-307]
Source: Michael P. Johnson and James L. Roark, Black Masters: A Free Family of Color in the Old South (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1984)

1953 case of Hood v Sumter SC School District...Woodrow Hood (a descendant of Scotts and Oxendines who migrated down to Sumter from Robeson around 1805) sued to allow children of the Dalzell 'Turk' school to attend Sumter white schools. Two included as plaintiffs in this case were Henry Lowery and Ruth Lowery. While the Indian descent of their Scott and Oxendine ancestors were conceeded, it was the postion of the Sumter School Board that the plaintiffs were also descendants of the BUCKNER'S and Benehaleys who were believed to be part black. Woodrow Hood, the filier of the complaint, responded by testifying regarding the geneaology of the 'Turk' community, however his visceral response to the 'black descent' line of questioning was to adamantly claim that every single line of his ancestry was white, excepting one small line of Benenhaley's who were claiming to be part-Arab.No Proff. (John Buckner, the first Buckner to intermarry among the Scott/Oxendine/Benehaley's was described by an elderly Sumter resident in the late 1880's as "nearly full-blooded Indian") Regarding the Lowery family he states "I am informed that Lum Lowery, whose first name was possibly Columbus, and who was a white man who was not a member of our group, and whose geographical origin is unknown to me, came to our community many years ago, and married one Alice Benenhaley, and they settled in our community." 
Family links: 
  Willis Wilson Buckner (1809 - 1831)
  Aliza Ann Ellison Buckner Johnson (1750 - 1820)
  Jane Johnson Buckner (1830 - 1860)
  Sarah Oxendine Buckner (1835 - 1919)
  Henrietta Ann Buckner (1858 - 1918)*
  Infant Boy Buckner (1860 - 1860)*
  John William Buckner (1863 - 1881)*
  Henry Ellison Buckner (1865 - 1963)*
  Sam Buckner (1870 - 1925)*
  Charles Wilson Buckner (1873 - 1920)*
  Daniel Buckner (1875 - 1949)*
*Calculated relationship
Note: This grave is not marked. I was told that many years ago the church was doing construction and several of the grave markers were destroyed and never replaced.Summer Ray Cribb (#48328437)
High Hills Baptist Church Cemetery
Sumter County
South Carolina, USA
Created by: Ann Watts
Record added: Jul 21, 2013
Find A Grave Memorial# 114166008
John Wilson Buckner
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Michael Dover
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Some considered your service to the Confederacy questionable, but you honorably served your homeland and your way of life. You were honored by those who served with you.
- Patrick James McKenna
 Added: Jun. 23, 2015

- Shirley Burks Wells
 Added: Oct. 29, 2013

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