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Sir John "2nd Duke of Exeter" Holland
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Birth: Mar. 18, 1395
Dartington
Devon, England
Death: Aug. 5, 1447
Stepney
Greater London, England

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John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter

Born: Dartington, Devonshire, England

Died: 5 August 1447 (aged 51每52)
Stepney, Middlesex, England

Title

Duke of Exeter
Earl of Huntingdon

Spouse(s)
Lady Anne Stafford

John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter KG (18 March 1395每 5 August 1447) was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War.

Family

The second son of John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter and Elizabeth of Lancaster, his maternal grandparents were John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Blanche of Lancaster. He was thus a half-nephew of Richard II of England, a nephew of Henry IV of England and a first cousin of Henry V of England.

Life account

Holland was just a boy when his father conspired against Henry IV and was attainted and executed. Nevertheless, he was given a chance to serve Henry V in the 1415 campaign in France, where he distinguished himself at Agincourt.

The next year Holland was restored in blood and to his father's earldom of Huntingdon, and was made a Knight of the Garter. (His older brother Richard had died in 1400.)

Over the next five years he held various important commands with the English forces in France, until he was captured by the French in 1421 at the Battle of Baug谷. He spent four years in captivity, not being released until 1425.

On 6 March 1427, he married Lady Anne Stafford (d. 20 September 1432), widow of Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, and daughter of Edmund Stafford, 5th Earl of Stafford.
By her he had two children, a son and daughter:

Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter (1430每1475).

Anne Holland (d. 26 December 1486), who married firstly, Sir John Neville (d. before 16 March 1450), son of Ralph Neville, 2nd Earl of Westmorland. The marriage is said to have been unconsummated. She married secondly, John Neville, Baron Neville, slain at the Battle of Towton on 29 March 1461. She married thirdly, James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas.

He married secondly Beatrice of Portugal on 20 January 1433; then finally, he married Anne Montagu (d. 28 November 1457), daughter of John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury.

By an unnamed mistress or mistresses he also had several illegitimate children, two of whom he named in his will. William, Thomas and Robert, the so-called 'Bastards of Exeter', were active in the Lancastrian struggles, and Stow reported that two of them were among the notable dead at Towton.

In 1435 he was appointed admiral of England, Ireland, and Aquitaine, and in 1439 he was made the king's lieutenant in Aquitaine, and later governor of Aquitaine.

Holland recovered his father's dukedom of Exeter in 1439, and was given precedence just below the Duke of York. He was succeeded as duke by his son Henry.

There is an effigy of this John Holland in the Chapel of St. Peter de Vincula in the Tower of London.

Sources
←Hardy, W. H. (1891). "John Holland, duke of Exeter and earl of Huntingdon (1395-1447)". Dictionary of National Biography 27: 148每149.




John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter
Born: 1395 1447
-----------------------------------------
Political offices

Preceded by
The Duke of Bedford

Lord High Admiral of England
1435每1447

Succeeded by
The Earl of Suffolk

----------------------------

Peerage of England

Preceded by
John Holland
forfeit in 1400

Duke of Exeter
1439每1447

Succeeded by
Henry Holland

Earl of Huntingdon
1416每1447 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  John de Holand (1350 - 1400)
  Elizabeth Lancaster (1363 - 1425)
 
 Spouses:
  Anne Montagu Fitz Lewis (1384 - 1457)*
  Anne Stafford Holand (____ - 1457)*
 
 Children:
  Anne Holand Douglas (____ - 1486)*
  Henry de Holand (1430 - 1475)*
 
 Sibling:
  Constance Holland Grey (1387 - 1437)*
  John Holland (1395 - 1447)
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
St Katherine by the Tower
London
City of London
Greater London, England
Plot: He was buried next to his sister Lady Constance Grey before the church was destroyed in the 1800s.
 
Created by: A Family Who Loves Genea...
Record added: Dec 10, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 101999551
Sir John 2nd Duke of Exeter Holland
Added by: A Family Who Loves Genealogy
 
Sir John 2nd Duke of Exeter Holland
Added by: Jon Holland
 
 
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Rest in Eternal Peace my 19x g-grandfather. Victoria
- Victoria
 Added: Sep. 8, 2014
To My 18th Great Grand Uncle, May You Forever Rest in Peace
- Elton Ellis
 Added: Jun. 22, 2014
In memory of Sir John Holland ~ RIP
- Laurel Robson
 Added: Apr. 28, 2014
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