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Flowers left for Stephen Douglas
Stephen A Douglas: Sir, you will be remembered as an American politician from Illinois. You were a U.S. Representative, a U.S. Senator, and the Democratic Party nominee for President in the 1860 election, losing to Republican Abraham Lincoln. You had previously defeated Lincoln in a Senate contest, noted for the famous Lincoln-Douglas debates of 1858. You got nicknamed the "Little Giant" because you were short in physical stature, but a forceful and dominant figure in politics. You were well known as a resourceful party leader, and an adroit, ready, skillful tactician in debate and passage of legislation. You were a leading proponent of democracy, and believed in the principle of popular sovereignty: that the majority of citizens should decide contentious issues such as slavery and territorial expansion. As chairman of the Committee on Territories, You dominated the Senate in the 1850s.Also you were largely responsible for the Compromise of 1850 that apparently settled slavery issues; however, in 1854 you reopened the slavery question with the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which opened some previously prohibited territories to slavery under popular sovereignty. Opposition to this led to the formation of the Republican Party. In 1860, the conflict over slavery led to the split in the Democratic Party in the 1860 Convention. Hardline pro-slavery Southerners rejected you, and nominated their own candidate, Vice President John C. Breckinridge, while the Northern Democrats nominated you and you deeply believed in democracy, arguing the will of the people should always be decisive.When civil war came in April 1861, you rallied your supporters to the Union with all your energies, but you died a few weeks later. Your gravesite was bought by the state, which commissioned Leonard Volk for an imposing monument with a statue that was erected over your grave and your birthplace in Brandon, Vermont has been memorialized as a Museum and Visitor Center. In 1939, actor Milburn Stone portrayed you in the Twentieth Century-Fox film Young Mr. Lincoln. In 1940, Canadian actor Gene Lockhart portrayed you in the RKO film Abe Lincoln in Illinois. In 1957, the actor Walter Coy portrayed you in the episode "Springfield Incident" of CBS's The 20th Century Fox Hour. Other stars of the segment are Lloyd Corrigan and Tom Tryon, and Alan Hale, Jr. In the alternate history short story Lincoln's Charge by Bill Fawcett included in the anthology Alternate Presidents, you were elected as the 16th President in 1860. Most recently actor Alan Tudyk portrayed you in a cameo appearance in Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter. Thank you for your service as Representative and Senator, you were a interesting man in the world of 19th century America,happy 200th birthday!
 Added: Apr. 23, 2013

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