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Antanas Smetona
[Add Flowers]
Flowers 1 to 50 (of 86 total)51 - 86 
Kas bus, kas nebus, bet lietuvis nepražus! Tegyvuoja Lietuva!
- Zix Danziger
 Added: Jul. 3, 2014
 
Antanas Smetona: sir , you will be remembered as one of the most important Lithuanian political figures between World War I and World War II. He served as the first President of Lithuania from April 4, 1919 to June 19, 1920. He again served as the last President of the country from December 19, 1926 to June 15, 1940, before its occupation by theSoviet Union. He was also one of the famous ideologists of nationalism in Lithuania. During the World War I, he was the 1st Vice-Chairman, and later Chairman, of the Central Committee of the Lithuanian Relief Society for helping victims of the war. In the summer of 1916, Antanas Smetona, together with other Lithuanians from Vilnius, presented a memorandum to the German Chief Commander of the Eastern Front, in which he demanded the right of the Lithuanian nation to have an independent State. On September 6, 1917, he started printing the newspaper Lietuvos Aidas (Lithuania's Echo), worked as its publisher and its editor-in-chief. In the first issue of the newspaper, Smetona wrote that the most important goal of the Lithuanian nation was the re-establishment of an independent Lithuanian state. Between September 18 and 22, 1917, he participated in the Lithuanian Conference in Vilnius, and was elected Chairman (1917–1919), of the Council of Lithuania (later Council of the State). On February 16, 1918, Antanas Smetona signed the Act of Independence of Lithuania. Between December 1918 and March 1919, he lived primarily in Germany and the Scandinavian countries, soliciting loans for the cause of Lithuanian independence. On April 4, 1919, the State Council of Lithuania elected Smetona the first President of the Republic of Lithuania. On April 19, 1920, the Constituent Assembly elected Aleksandras Stulginskis President. Not re-elected to the Seimas, from 1921 throughout 1924 he edited several periodicals, as Lietuviškas balsas ("Lithuanian Voice") and Vairas("The Steering Wheel"). Antanas Smetona was one of the leaders of the coup d'état of 1926, which deposed President Kazys Grinius, and Smetona once again became President on December 19 of that year (two others briefly held the office during the coup, which began on December 17, before Smetona was formally restored to the Presidency). He designated Augustinas Voldemaras as Prime Minister. One year later he suppressed the parliament, and on May 15, 1928, with the approval of the government, he promulgated a new Constitution of the Lithuanian State with more extensive presidential powers. In 1929, he removed Voldemaras and became authoritarian head of state.He was re-elected President in 1931 and 1938, and remained in office until June 15, 1940. A day after Smetona left the country, Merkys announced he had deposed Smetona and was now president in his own right. Two days later, Merkys was pressured into appointing the more pliant Justas Paleckis as prime minister and resigning himself. Paleckis then became acting president, and was used as a puppet to oversee the final stages of Lithuania being incorporated into the Soviet Union a month later. Lithuania's current official position on the matter is that Merkys' takeover of the presidency was illegal, since Smetona never formally resigned. Therefore, Lithuanian officials argue, all subsequent actions leading up to the Soviet annexation were ipso facto void. In 1941, Smetona emigrated to the United States, and lived in Pittsburgh and Chicago before settling inCleveland, Ohio in May 1942 with his son Julius' family. While in exile, he began work on a history of Lithuania and on his memoirs. Smetona died in a fire at his son's house in Cleveland, on January 9, 1944, and was buried there. His wife Sofija died in Cleveland, on December 28, 1968, and he also had a daughter, Birute. In 1975, his remains were moved from Cleveland's Knollwood Cemetery mausoleum to All Souls Cemetery in Chardon, Ohio. remembering you after 70 years, may you rest in peace!
- MFPS
 Added: Jan. 9, 2014
 
Sir, I am proud of my Lithuanian heritage. Thank you!
- Blake Andrews
 Added: Nov. 20, 2013
 

- John P. Birosak
 Added: Feb. 25, 2013
 

- MFPS
 Added: Jan. 9, 2013
 

- Sophie*s Girl
 Added: Aug. 10, 2012
 
Flowers from Lithuania We will not forget you. Kur bega Sesupe, kur Nemunas teka,Tai musu tevyne, grazi Lietuva; Ten broliai artojai lietuviskai sneka, Ten skamba po kaimus Birutes daina.O Lietuva, Lietuva buk per amzius laisva.
- Dona
 Added: Apr. 15, 2012
 

- MFPS
 Added: Jan. 9, 2012
 

- MFPS
 Added: Aug. 10, 2011
 
How happy Mr. Smetona must be to know that his beloved homeland Lithuania is free and independent once again ! He was the President of Lithuania from 1926 to 1940, when he was forced to flee to the west by the Soviet army's occupation of Lithuania. His contribution to Lithuania will not be forgotten. Ilsekis ramybeje Antanai !
- canadian lithuanian
 Added: May. 3, 2011
 
Happy Lithuanian Independence Day!
- Frank Passic, Albion Historian
 Added: Feb. 16, 2011
 

- lisa greenman
 Added: Jan. 9, 2011
 

- Reaja
 Added: Jul. 3, 2010
 

- Ceal
 Added: May. 20, 2010
 

- tup tim
 Added: Jan. 9, 2010
 

- Mellissa Lake Co. Illinois
 Added: Sep. 4, 2009
 

- C.L. Panagopulos
 Added: Jan. 9, 2009
 

- Genovaite Kasiulaityte
 Added: May. 20, 2008
 
You are my grandfather's brother. I have just found out about you a few months ago. My wife and I plan to make the trip to Ohio next summer, when we will place real flowers on your grave and that of your beloved wife, Sofija.
- Stephen T. Bunrs
 Added: Oct. 28, 2007
 

- Frank Passic, Albion Historian
 Added: Jul. 4, 2007
 

- Just Plain Nosy
 Added: Mar. 20, 2007
 

- Kristy Capatina
 Added: Feb. 20, 2007
 

- coneyann
 Added: Feb. 19, 2007
 

- Stuthehistoryguy
 Added: Feb. 13, 2007
 

- Izzebella
 Added: Feb. 5, 2007
 

- Mostloved
 Added: Feb. 5, 2007
 

- Sherry
 Added: Feb. 4, 2007
 

- Pugluv
 Added: Feb. 4, 2007
 

- gaby hayes
 Added: Jan. 9, 2007
 

- DemBonez
 Added: Dec. 2, 2006
 
Dear Mr. President, we are sorry you are amoung the forgotten. Rest ashore you will always be remembered by someone. Rest in Peace
- Michael
 Added: Nov. 28, 2006
 

-Anonymous
 Added: Nov. 27, 2006
 

- Velma Dalton
 Added: Nov. 27, 2006
 

- Larry Boyd
 Added: Nov. 27, 2006
 
Rest in peace Mr President!
- George S. Ellington
 Added: Nov. 26, 2006
 

- Brent Nimmo
 Added: Oct. 8, 2006
 
Rest in Peace
- Cheryll Cotten
 Added: Oct. 7, 2006
 

- Ginny B
 Added: Oct. 3, 2006
 

- O'side Native
 Added: Oct. 3, 2006
 

- Ann Davis
 Added: Oct. 3, 2006
 

- G.Photographer
 Added: Oct. 2, 2006
 

- Stuthehistoryguy
 Added: Oct. 2, 2006
 

- Maggie
 Added: Oct. 2, 2006
 
In memory...
- Charlotte
 Added: Oct. 1, 2006
 
Rest in peace dear sir.
- Theresa Williams
 Added: Sep. 30, 2006
 

- Dustin Oliver
 Added: Sep. 30, 2006
 

- GraveGirl
 Added: Sep. 30, 2006
 

- anton
 Added: Sep. 26, 2006
 

- Vincent Astor
 Added: Sep. 25, 2006
 

- Roxann (inactive)
 Added: Sep. 21, 2006
 
Flowers 1 to 50 (of 86 total)51 - 86 
 

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