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Capt. John Henry Wootters
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CO I REG TEX INF C.S.A.
- Judy Richards
 Added: Jul. 13, 2013
 
The Southern Cross of Honor is the name of two separate and distinct military honors presented to Confederate military personnel and veterans. The original wartime medal, aka Confederate Medal of Honor, was a military decoration meant to honor officers, noncommissioned officers, and privates for their valor in the armed forces of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. It was formally approved by the Congress of the Confederate States on October 13, 1862, and was originally intended to be on par with the Union Army's Medal of Honor. During the war, however, there were shortages of metals, and many medals were not minted or awarded. The names of these soldiers were, however, recorded in an Honor Roll and preserved in the Adjutant Inspector General's records. The postwar version of the medal, which is a separate award than the original wartime medal, came into being following a reunion in 1898. The idea of bestowing the Southern Cross of Honor to Confederate veterans of the American Civil War was conceived in Atlanta in July 1898 by Mrs. Alexander S. (Mary Ann Lamar Cobb) Erwin of Athens, GA, at a reunion of Confederate veterans. Mrs. Erwin and Mrs. Sarah E. Gabbett of Atlanta are credited with the design of the medal. The medal was at this point authorized by the UDC to be awarded to any Confederate Veteran who had provided "loyal, honorable service to the South and given in recognition of this devotion." The design for the face of the medal consists of a Maltese cross with a Confederate battle flag surrounded with a laurel wreath, with the inscription "The Southern Cross of Honor." On the back of the medal is the motto of the Confederate States of America, "Deo Vindice" ([With] God [As Our] Vindicator), and the dates 1861 1865.
- Judy Richards
 Added: Jul. 13, 2013
 
History Masonry: A Symbolic Lodge, in which the first three degrees of Freemasonry are conferred, the Entered Apprentice, Fellow Craft and Master Mason, is so called from the color of its decorations.  Freemasonry is an oath-bound fraternal and benevolent association of men whose purpose is to nurture sound moral and social virtues among its members and mankind.  Its origins go back to 17th-century England when guilds of working stonemasons began accepting honorary members, many of whom were gentlemen architects or amateur scholars interested in the new rational philosophy of science and the Enlightenment.  A separate "speculative" fraternity of Freemasons, using the guild system of degrees and secret passwords, and the stonemason's tools as symbols, was officially organized as the Grand Lodge of England in 1717.  A Masonic Lodge in America is first mentioned in Benjamin Franklin's Pennsylvania Gazette in 1731.  By the mid-18th century Freemasonry had gained wide acceptance in America. Although much of Freemasonry's ritual symbolism is drawn from Biblical references, it has no religious affiliation or requirement except in a belief in a Supreme Being.  For 18th century Americans, removed from the European center of learning, Freemasonry served as a vehicle for the popularization and spread of new ideas.  Enlightenment concepts of equality, religious tolerance, and natural laws were incorporated into Freemasonry's moral system.  These radical ideas helped form American arguments for independence and democracy; many of the leaders of the American Revolution were Freemasons. Today, additional information has surfaced that links early Freemasonry to Templarism and the Crusades of the Middle Ages.  The thesis for this even earlier origin of Freemasonry can be found in John Robinson's book "Born in Blood". Freemasonry today remains the oldest and most successful of all fraternal organizations and has served as a model for many subsequent groups.
- Judy Richards
 Added: Jul. 13, 2013
 

- Carol Hoch
 Added: Mar. 21, 2012
 

- Carol Hoch
 Added: Mar. 21, 2012
 
In memory of a man who is mentioned as a friend of the family in the 1860-1866 Journal of James Madison Hall
- BeNotForgot
 Added: Jul. 12, 2011
 
 
 
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