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Galeazzo Ciano
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- David Wend
 Added: Mar. 18, 2014
 
Gian Galeazzo Ciano, 2nd Count of Cortellazzo and Buccari: sir, you will be remembered as the Foreign Minister of Fascist Italy from 1936 until 1943 and Benito Mussolini's son-in-law. On January 11, 1944 Count Ciano was shot by firing squad at the behest of his father-in-law, Mussolini, under pressure from Nazi Germany.You left a massive diarythat has been used among others by William Shirer in his monumental The Rise and Fall of the Third Reichand in the 4-hour HBO docu-drama, Mussolini and I. You were skeptical of Mussolini's war plans and knew that Italy's armed forces were ill-prepared for a major war. When Mussolini formally declared war on France, you wrote in his diary "I am sad, very sad. The adventure begins. May God help Italy!" After 1939, Ciano became increasingly disenchanted with Nazi Germany and the course of World War II, although when the Italian regime embarked on the ill-advised "parallel war" alongside Germany, he went along fairly convinced, even through the terribly-devised Italian invasion of Greece and its subsequent setbacks. Prior to the German campaign in France in 1940 Count Ciano leaked a warning of imminent invasion to neutral Belgium. In late 1942 and early 1943, following the Axis defeat in North Africa, other major setbacks on the Eastern Front, and the Anglo-American assault on Sicily looming on the horizon, Ciano turned against prosecution of the doomed war and actively pushed for Italy's exit from the conflict. He was silenced by being removed from his post as Foreign Minister, an action which took place on February 5, 1943. Then he was offered the post of ambassador to the Holy See, and presented his credentials to the Pope on March 1. In this role he could remain in Rome, to be watched closely by Mussolini. The Regime's position had become even more shaky with the coming summer, however, and court circles were already probing the Allies commands for agreements of some sort.Ciano, having been dismissed from his post by the new government, attempted to find shelter in Germany, alongside Edda and their three children, but the Germans returned him to R.S.I. agents and he was then formally arrested for treason. Under German and Fascist pressure, Mussolini had Ciano tried. After the Verona trial sentence, it was on this day after 70 years that a Fascist firing squad, at a shooting rangeexecuted Ciano and others (includingEmilio De Bono and Giovanni Marinelli) who had voted for Mussolini's ousting. The executed Italians were tied to chairs and shot in the back as a further humiliation. Ciano was effectively executed for dissenting against Il Duce's will. His last words were "Long live Italy!" remembering you after 70 years, may you rest in peace!
- MFPS
 Added: Jan. 11, 2014
 

-Anonymous
 Added: Jan. 11, 2014
 

- Lucy Caldarelli
 Added: Aug. 7, 2013
 
happy 110th birthday
- MFPS
 Added: Mar. 18, 2013
 

- Ally
 Added: Mar. 18, 2013
 

- Lucy Caldarelli
 Added: Mar. 18, 2013
 

- David Wend
 Added: Mar. 18, 2013
 

- Jackie Howard
 Added: Mar. 18, 2013
 

- Oscar in Italy
 Added: Mar. 18, 2013
 

-Anonymous
 Added: Feb. 1, 2013
 

-Anonymous
 Added: Jan. 11, 2013
 

- laura from Italy
 Added: Jan. 10, 2013
 

- Oscar in Italy
 Added: Mar. 17, 2012
 

- Erik Skytte
 Added: Feb. 27, 2012
 
Remembered 68 years later..executed by a Fascist firing squad, as he was tied to a chair.
- Nancy Forrest
 Added: Jan. 11, 2012
 

- laura from Italy
 Added: Jan. 11, 2012
 
If your father in law had listened to you, Italy's fate would have been much better. Rest in eternal peace.
- VJS
 Added: Dec. 8, 2011
 
Rest in peace.
- Ken MacLeod
 Added: Jul. 28, 2011
 

- Joseph M.Petri
 Added: Jun. 27, 2011
 

- Oscar in Italy
 Added: Mar. 18, 2011
 
Your father-in-law should have listened to you.
- Brian Gower from Wales
 Added: Jan. 11, 2011
 

- julia&keld
 Added: Mar. 18, 2010
 
HAPPY BIRTHDAY
- red
 Added: Mar. 18, 2010
 

- Oscar in Italy
 Added: Mar. 18, 2010
 

- Ruggero
 Added: Jan. 23, 2010
 

- lisa greenman
 Added: Dec. 28, 2009
 

- Mellissa Lake Co. Illinois
 Added: Dec. 25, 2009
 

- Mellissa Lake Co. Illinois
 Added: Dec. 25, 2009
 

- Tom Cummings
 Added: Dec. 23, 2009
 

- lisa greenman
 Added: Dec. 23, 2009
 
 

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