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Stock is a village and civil parish in Essex, England, located approximately 6 miles south of the county town of Chelmsford. The village, on the outskirts of Billericay, used to be called Stock Harvard and the ecclesiastical parish is still known by that name. At 318 feet above sea level, it is one of the highest points in Essex lying on a range of hills running north-eastward from Brentwood to Danbury. The origins of the village itself are uncertain and the origin of the village's name is still open to dispute but to derive it from the Saxon "stocce", meaning "wood" conveys little and it is preferable to conclude that it comes from "Stoke", that is a place within another district and the same origin for many English place-names beginning "Stoke", for example Stoke d'Abernon, Stoke Poges, Stoke -on-Trent. Further, the Saxon word for a Steward was "Hereward" and so Stock Harvard originally meant "the place of the Steward" of the parish of Buttsbury of which Stock was then a hamlet. In prehistoric times during the Iron Age period there was a settlement in the village. The village is not mentioned in the Domesday Book, but that does not mean that it did not exist at the time as it may have been an outlying settlement of another place. Traces of Roman occupation have been found in the area. It has 3 churches, one of which is All Saints standing within the catholic tradition of the Church of England. The shingled Spire has an unusual weather vane in the form of a dragon and dated 1760 The first written evidence of the existence of a church in Stock is in 1232.