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Vårfrukyrkogården (Churchyard of Our Lady)
Enkoping
Enköpings kommun
Uppsala län  Sweden

Cemetery notes and/or description:
The Church of Our Lady in Enköping, a town called "Sweden's nearest city" as located an hour west of Stockholm on the main highway toward Oslo, opened in 1125 according to credible tradition. It was for the main vicarage of Upland's Fjärdhundraland district, and comparable in importance in east-central Sweden only to two sister churches in Sigtuna and Old Upsala. During several renovations, evidence of an early 12th century origin has been noted. In the Middle Ages, the cemetery was mainly south of the church. In the 1670's, Our Lady Churchyard was surrounded by a low wall to keep livestock out and had a gate on the south wall, toward town, that only opened high enough so as not to let animals in. Toward the end of the 18th century, space north of the church also began to be used for burials, though hesitantly, and a division of the churchyard into two sections, for rurals and city folk, was made. By 1790, a burial area named for students (Djäknegården) was so full that an expansion northward was sorely needed, but five years later an expansion southward also was accomplished. A newly laid out section was christened by Vicar Afzelius in 1834 and the north side has been the mainstay of the churchyard since then. Trees, which in olden times never grew in cemeteries, were also planted then, some of them still there today. In 1849 new gates into the churchyard were opened up on the north and west sides. A new main portal on Church Street, replacing one from 1832, was built in 1900, designed by Fredrik Falkenberg. North of the church an ancient cult labyrinth (Trojeborg) had been preserved up until 1882, but it was destroyed then, at least above ground, for the major expansion of the cemetery that was undertaken that year. Another expansion of the churchyard, northward again, was done in 1913. In 1930, a whole new area had to be laid out in the west, and a chapel, now famous for its architecture, was built there by Sigurd Lewerentz. (J T Demitz)

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Vårfrukyrkogården (Churchyard of Our Lady)
Added by: J T Demitz
 
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