Cemetery notes and/or description: Mound City National Cemetery is one of the twelve original National cemeteries. It was established in 1864 pursuant to the Act of July 17, 1862, whereby President Lincoln was authorized to purchase cemetery grounds to be used as a National Cemetery for soldiers who shall have died in the service of their country. The land was purchased by the United States in two separate parcels from S.S. Taylor and Edwin Parsons, Trustees. It is located near the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Large army general hospitals were located at Mound City and Cairo IL to care for civil war casualties. The establishment of these large hospitals was a determining factor in the location of the cemetery at Mound City.