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Sobibor Concentration Camp was an extermination Camp located in Eastern Poland. It was built in 1942 as the second Nazi killing center within Operation Reinhard for the mass murder of Jews. The camp was surrounded by a 50 foot wide minefield. Regular gassing operations with carbon monoxide began in May, 1942 and continued until November of 1943. Trains of 40 to 60 freight cars would arrive by railway and after the Jews were stripped, they were herded into the killing center where the gassing commenced. Estimates of those killed range from 167,000 to 200,000. On October 14, 1943, the Jews revolted, killed a dozen guards, and 300 prisoners escaped. Approximately 100 were recaptured and another 100 didn't survive until the end of the war.
At the site today, a Memorial Plaque reads: ""HERE THE NAZIS KILLED 250,000 RUSSIAN PRISONERS OF WAR, JEWS, POLES AND GYPSIES." However, Karl Frenzel, commandant of Sobibor's Lager I, was convicted of war crimes in 1966 and sentenced to life, but ultimately released on health grounds in 1982. In a 1983 interview, Frenzel — who was at the camp from its inception to its closure — admitted the following about Sobibor: “Poles were not killed there. Gypsies were not killed there. Russians were not killed there...only Jews, Russian Jews, Polish Jews, Dutch Jews, French Jews."