Provincia di Salerno
|Cemetery notes and/or description:|
Salerno War Cemetery is located north-west of the the village of Bellizzi on the SS18 coast road approximately 14 km. southwest of Salerno. On 3 September 1943 the Allies invaded the Italian mainland, the invasion coinciding with an armistice made with the Italians who then re-entered the war on the Allied side. Allied objectives were to draw German troops from the Russian front and more particularly from France, where an offensive was planned for the following year. Commonwealth and American forces landed near Salerno on 8-9 September 1943 and there was fierce fighting for some days in the bridgehead that they established. The site for the cemetery was chosen in November 1943 and contains many burials resulting from the landings and the fighting that followed -- the 59th General Hospital was in the vicinity of Salerno at the end of 1943 and early in 1944 -- but graves were also brought in later from a wide area of south-western Italy. The cemetery contains 1846 Commonwealth burials of the Second World War, 107 of them unidentified. One casualty of the First World War is also commemorated in the cemetery by special memorial, his grave in a local civil cemetery having been lost.