Al Iskandariyah Egypt
|Cemetery notes and/or description:|
Chatby is a district on the eastern side of the city of Alexandria, between the main dual carriageway to Aboukir, known as Al Horaya, and the sea. The cemetery is located centrally within the main Alexandria cemetery complex, which is bordered by Al Horaya on the south and the electric tramway, which is parallel with Sharia Champollion on the North. Visitors can reach the entrance to the cemetery along the road Sharia Anubis, which lies centrally north/south through the cemetery area.
In March 1915, the base of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force was transferred to Alexandria from Mudros and the city became a camp and hospital centre for Commonwealth and French troops. The Gallipoli campaign of 1915 was followed by operations in Egypt and Palestine and the port was much used by hospital ships and troop transports bringing reinforcements and carrying the sick and wounded out of the theatres of war. The three First World War burials in this civil cemetery are of officers of the transport "Aragon", torpedoed while entering the harbour at Alexandria on 30 December 1917. A stone memorial was erected over the graves by the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company.
During the Second World War, Alexandria was again an important hospital centre, taking casualties from campaigns in the Western Desert, Greece, Crete, the Aegean Islands and the Mediterranean. Rest camps and hostels were also established there together with a powerful anti-aircraft base. Alexandria was also the communications centre for the middle and near east and became the headquarters of the Military Police. There are six Second World War burials in this civil cemetery, five of them merchant seamen, the other a war correspondent.