|Cemetery notes and/or description:|
On July 1st, 1942, the German authorities took control of the camp. Westerbork became officially a "transit camp" (Durchgangslager Westerbork). On July 14th, 1942, all the Jews were examined by the SS in order to determine who was able to work or not. The first train arrived on July 15th and left the camp on July 16th with 1,135 of the first selected Jews. By the end of the month, nearly 6,000 Dutch Jews had, in fact reached Auschwitz, where the majority were gassed.
Many of the detainees died while awaiting transport.