Departement de la Somme
|Cemetery notes and/or description:|
"Y" Ravine runs East and West about 800 metres South of the village of Beaumont-Hamel, from Station Road to the front line of July, 1916. It was a deep ravine with steep sides, lined with dug-outs, and extending two short arms at the west end. The village was attacked and reached on the opening day of the Battle of the Somme, July 1, 1916, by units of the 29th Division (which included the Royal Newfoundland Regiment), but it could not be held. It was attacked again and captured, with the Ravine, by the 51st (Highland) Division on the November 13, 1916, as the campaign was winding down. The Newfoundland Memorial Park, with its noted Newfoundland Memorial in the form of a caribou, and the 29th and 51st Divisional Memorials, commemorate these engagements, and "Y" Ravine Cemetery is within the Park. The park contains some of the best-preserved trench systems and shell craters on the Western Front. There are now over 400 1914-18 war casualties commemorated in this site. Of these, over a third are unidentified and special memorials are erected to 53 soldiers (or sailors or Marines) from the United Kingdom and eight from Newfoundland, known or believed to be buried among them. The cemetery covers an area of 1,166 square metres and is enclosed by a rubble wall.