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Buchenwald Concentration Camp was a German Camp established near Weimar, Germany in July of 1937. The main entrance gate had the engraved slogan, "Jedem das Seine" (literally "to each his own." Originally the camp was named after the hill Ettersberg but it was later renamed to Buchenwald (German for beech forest) in honor of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Goethe Eiche (Goethe's Oak) stood inside the camp's perimeter, and the stump of the tree is preserved as part of the memorial at KZ Buchenwald.
Between April 1938 and April 1945, some 238,380 people of various nationalities including 350 Western Allied POWs were incarcerated in Buchenwald. With the exception of the main gate, the crematorium, the hospital, and two guard towers, the camp was razed on October, 1950. In 1958, the German Democratic Republic (GDR) built a memorial near the mass graves.