Greater London England
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Orpington is a suburban town and electoral ward in the London Borough of Bromley. It forms the southeastern edge of London's urban sprawl. The area was occupied in Roman times, as shown by Crofton Roman Villa, and the Roman bath-house at Fordcroft.The first record of the name Orpington occurs in 1032, when King Cnut's (Canute) treasurer Eadsy gave land at "Orpedingetune" to the Monastery of Christ Church at Canterbury. The Parish Church, "All Saints", stands upon pre-Norman foundations. Mentioned in the Domesday Book, it is Early English in style, but some Saxon work is visible. It was endowed by the Archbishop of Canterbury in 1173. The tower and steeple were damaged by a storm in 1771. The rebuilt steeple was struck by lightning in 1809, and it was not replaced. The cemetery stands in Ramsden Road, Orpington across the road from the churchyard burial grounds. For many years, the extension became known as Ontario Cemetery because 88 of the 182 WWI Canadian servicemen who died are buried in "Canadian Corner" there. Ontario Hospital had been established nearby in February 1916 until September 1917 when it became No. 16 Canadian General Hospital. The hospital was funded by the government of Ontario, Canada. It originally accommodated 1,050 patients; an extra wing was added in 1917. By January 1919, more than 15,000 wounded soldiers had been treated there. The extension as a whole contains 129 First World War burials and another 14 from the Second World War and 70 non-war service graves in their own special plot cared for by The Commonwealth War Graves Commission. There is a memorial wall in the Cremated Remains area.