Departement de la Somme
|Cemetery notes and/or description:|
Guillemont is a village 12 kilometres east of Albert. Guillemont Road Cemetery is 500 metres on the right as you leave Guillemont on the D64 toward Montauban.
Guillemont was an important point in the German defences at the beginning of the Battle of the Somme in July 1916. It was taken by the 2nd Royal Scots Fusiliers on 30 July but the battalion was obliged to fall back, and it was again entered for a short time by the 55th (West Lancashire) Division on 8 August. On 18 August, the village was reached by the 2nd Division, and on 3 September it was captured and cleared by the 20th (Light) and part of the 16th (Irish) Divisions. It was lost in March 1918 during the German advance, but retaken on 29 August by the 18th and 38th (Welsh) Divisions. The cemetery was begun by fighting units (mainly of the Guards Division) and field ambulances after the action of 3rd September 1916, and was closed in March 1917, which time it contained 121 burials. It was greatly increased after the Armistice when graves (almost all of July-September 1916) were brought in from the battlefields immediately surrounding the village.
Guillemont Road Cemetery now contains 2263 Commonwealth burials and commemorations of the First World War. 1523 of the burials are unidentified but there are special memorials to eight casualties known or believed to be buried among them. The cemetery was designed by Sir Herbert Baker.
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