|15 Untere Zahlbacher Strasse|
Postal Code: D-55131
|Cemetery notes and/or description:|
To get there by tram from the train station.
Take a right out of the main entrance of the train station; you will see a street with a slight rise in it and a tram stop. Take the Bretzheim tram (52) and the 3rd stop is the Hauptfriedhof stop. The friedhof wall is in front of you as you get off and the entrance is a little walk to the right.
About the cemetery:
The land encompassing the cemetery has a long history. In Roman times and until the 8th century AD it was used for burials. The lands were later occupied by religious orders and monasteries constructed.
In the middle ages the tradition was to bury ones dead in churches and monasteries but this was forbidden by Napoleon due to an increase in disease. By degree, all burials were to be outside the city limits. While the city was under French administration of Jeanbon St. André the site of the former Dahlheimer monastery was procured for the new cemetery by Mainz Mayor, Franz Konrad Macke. On May 30, 1803 the new cemetery was inaugurated and is the inspiration for Père Lachaise cemetery in Paris, France.
Along with the main cemetery, there is a smaller area across Saarstrasse, but still considered part of the main cemetery, which is strictly for cremains and urns (Urnenhain). A bridge crossing Saarstrasse and leading to the area can be accessed from the area near the old crematorium.
Due to its mature trees and other plants, the cemetery is considered one of the most important green areas in Mainz. In 2005 the cemetery was entered onto the list of significant cemeteries in Europe. An award of the European Association of Significant Cemeteries.