West Sussex England
Postal Code: BN44 3DZ
|Cemetery notes and/or description:|
Wiston is a scattered village and civil parish in the Horsham District of West Sussex, England. It lies on the A283 road 2.8 miles (4.5 km) northwest of Steyning.
The parish covers an area of 1,360 hectares (3,400 acres). In the 2001 census 221 people lived in 86 households, of whom 120 were economically active.
St. Mary's Church, Wiston.
The church stands next to Wiston Park House - Telephone: 01903 8150
This is a small Norman church of great beauty and simplicity by the river Stour, with a fine Norman south doorway, a beautiful Norman chancel arch and 13th century wall paintings of simple design. The Victorian vicar made a major restoration which gave it a Norman apse and put back Norman windows, but there is no doubt that the original Norman builders of the church would still recognise it and the main church is as the Godebolds, holders of the manor of Wiston in Domesday, would have seen it.
Wiston - St Mary
A possibly C12 nave has C13 and C14 detail. Chancel and tower are C14, like the south aisle and chapel, which were rebuilt in the C19. There is a fine brass of 1426.
The church stands near the house in parkland beneath Chanctonbury Ring. It is listed in Domesday Book (13, 13) and though the two now stand alone, a probably C17 painting in the house shows the village here. The present house dates from 1576, but was transformed in the C19. The original dedication of the church was to St Michael; that to St Mary applied to the south chapel only (2 p47).
The proportions of the nave do not look earlier than the C12, though a partly old north lancet and the chamfered jamb of a doorway nearby are C13. The structure of the chancel could be C13 also, but the detail is C14, with a fine three-light east window with reticulated tracery, mostly original, and two trefoil-headed north lancets. The south chapel and aisle, which is narrower, were probably C14. The chapel was the chantry of the de Braose family, lords of the manor from the C11 to the C15. Little of either survived the C19 except the spurred bases of the arcade, though the present chapel has an east triplet like that shown by Adelaide Tracy in 1853 (II p11).
The small tower, also C14, has diagonal buttresses, single cinquefoiled bell-openings, a low pyramid spire and a west window like the east one. The narrow tower arch has a continuous hollow chamfer on the outer order and an inner one on round shafts with semi-octagonal abaci and bases. Though the interior is largely C19, other C14 remnants include the semi-octagonal responds of the arch from the south chapel into the chancel and some nave roof timbers, including castellated wallplates. The aisle and possibly the chapel were altered in the C15. The Burrell Collection drawing (1781) shows a two-light square-headed aisle window, consistent with Hussey's (Supplement) dismissal of the aisle (and chapel) as ‘debased Perp'. The weathered moulded west doorway of the tower, with a square hoodmould, is certainly C15.
The chancel was repaired by 1844 (VCH 6(1) p268) and in 1862 G M Hills restored the rest (RIBAJ 2 (1895) pp452-53). More money was probably available than was good for him, for the £2000 it is stated to have cost in PP125 is likely to be an underestimate, since the Gorings of Wiston House paid most of it and such private donations were generally excluded. Hills retained only fragments of the old when he rebuilt the aisle and chapel. In the nave he inserted two ogee-quatrefoil north windows and replaced the arcade except the bases and the chancel arch, which now has a moulded head. The new aisle and chapel are in C14 style. Probably in the course of his work, many monuments in the south chapel (see below) were destroyed or taken apart.
Fittings and monuments
Benches: (North west corner of nave) Plain, probably C15 or C16.
Brass: (South chapel) Sir John de Braose (d1426) A large effigy in full armour, his feet resting on a lion. Instead of a canopy, small scrolls inscribed ‘Jesu' and ‘Mercy' are scattered over the field within the marginal inscription. Part of one shield was stolen in 1945 (TMBS 56 (Dec 1946) p158). It is given to Series E of the London workshops (TMBS 15 p242).
Font: C12 square arcaded marble bowl on a C19 stem and base.
1. (East window) Two C14 shields of the arms of de Braose, impaled respectively with those of Clifford and Howard (2 p47).
2. (South chapel, second window) Clayton and Bell, c1878, but possibly altered (www.stainedglassrecords.org).
3. (South aisle) Kempe and Co, two single lights, 1930-32.
4. (North chancel) Kempe and Co. Undated, but according to Collins made in 1909.
1. (North wall of chapel) Probably C15, though altered. Recess with an elliptical head and an ogee-headed gable for an effigy of a child, possibly Sir John de Braose's son (Mosse p167).
2. (South wall of chapel) Sir Richard Shirley (d1540). Fragmentary - his armoured effigy stands between two kneeling wives. They are surrounded by scrolls on which there were texts or prayers. The front of the surround, with shields in quatrefoils, remains. The style is said to have combined gothic and renaissance (3 p13).
3. (Chapel - sill of south window) Sir Thomas Shirley (d1612) Two kneeling figures survive.
4. (Chapel) Sarah Goring (d1797) It is of E Coade's stone, with a draped sorrowing female figure in an elaborate gothick surround (A Kelly p192).
5. Charles Goring (d1829) A draped sarcophagus by Sir F Chantrey, which was erected in 1836 (M Baker p306).
6. Frances Goring (1830?) by J Theakston (Roscoe p1234).
Niche: (North of east window) Very restored cinquefoiled head, of C14 appearance.
Piscina: (Chancel) Renewed C14 ogee head.
Royal Arms: See under screen.
Screen: (Now in tower) Parts are included in the doorcase, including the date 1635 and finials. This also incorporates the painted Royal Arms, dated 1795.
1. Anon [W H Godfrey?]: Wiston Church and House, SNQ 3 (Aug 1930) pp84-85
2. W H Godfrey: The Parish Church of St Michael, Wiston, SNQ 15 (Nov 1958) pp45-47
3. M A Lower: The Descent of Wiston, SAC 5 (1858) pp1-28
Measured plan by W H Godfrey and E F Harvey in 2 p46
[text by Carole Elizabeth Nurmi Cummings]